Wednesday, August 5, 2009
Bolivian President Evo Morales expresses concern in La Paz about the possibility that the “Pinochetistas” in Chile and the “fascist right” in Argentina could win the general elections in those countries and that it would be very serious for Latin American democracy and for South America. //en.mercopress.com/2009/08/05/morales
The gun turret of the was raised from the sea bottom off the coast of North Carolina, where it had lain since sinking in 1862.
Croatian forces take Knin
and continue to advance.
Groups of protesters spread from Havana
's Castillo de la Punta (Point Castle), creating the first protests against Fidel Castro
's government since 1959.
Prime Minister of New Zealand David Lange resigns for health reasons and is replaced by Geoffrey Palmer.
"STS-28": Space Shuttle "Columbia" takes off on a secret 5-day military mission.
The asteroid 4769 Castalia is the first asteroid directly imaged by radar from Arecibo.
U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
The presidents of five Central America
n countries agree that the U.S.-backed "contras" fighting the government of Nicaragua
should be disbanded and evicted from their bases in Honduras
by December 5.
A nudist beach is established in Brighton.
The Polisario Front signs a peace treaty with Mauritania. Mauritania withdraw from the Western Sahara territory it had occupied, and ceded it to the SADR.
, co-founder of the Crips
, today one of the largest, most notorious gangs in the United States
, is killed in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles (his killers have not yet been identified).
The Great Clock of Westminster (or Big Ben
) suffers internal damage and stops running for over nine months.
British Leyland Motor Corporation comes under British government control.
U.S. President Ford posthumously restores the U.S. citizenship of General Robert E. Lee, leader of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
Black September members open fire at the Athens airport 3 are killed, 55 injured.
The death of Dean Corll
leads to the discovery of the Houston Mass Murders: 28 boys were killed by 3 men.
The Haunted Mansion attraction opens at Disneyland California. Later versions opened in Florida, Tokyo and Paris.
Followers of Charles Manson murder Sharon Tate, (who was eight months pregnant), and her friends: Folgers coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, and Hollywood hairstylist Jay Sebring at the home of Tate and her husband, Roman Polanski, in Los Angeles, California. Also killed was Steven Parent, leaving from a visit to the Polanskis' caretaker. More than 100 stab wounds are found on the victims, except for Parent, who had been shot almost as soon as the Manson Family entered the property.
The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign a nuclear test ban treaty.
Wednesday, August 5, 1953
The Treaty of Taipei between Japan and the Republic of China goes into effect, to officially end the Second Sino-Japanese War.
Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft, the "Kon-Tiki", smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101 day, 4,300 mile, voyage across the Eastern Pacific Ocean, proving that pre-historic peoples could hypothetically have traveled to the Central Pacific islands from South America.
The Netherlands stops all political actions in Indonesia.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah becomes the first Governor General of Pakistan. Liaqat Ali Khan takes office as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan
The Muslim majority region formed by the Partition of India
gain independence from the British Empire
and adopts the name "'Pakistan
"'. While the transition is officially at midnight on this day, Pakistan
celebrates its independence on August 14, compared with India
on the 15th, because the Pakistan
Standard Time is 30 minutes behind the standard time of India
The greater Indian subcontinent with a mixed population of Hindus, Muslims,Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews, etc. formed by the Partition of India gain independence from the British Empire and retains the name "'India"'.
The Soviet Union commences one of the largest caigns of the Great Purge, to eliminate anti-Soviet elements. Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This was an offensive that targeted social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which were seen as non-Russian, and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
The Leo Burnett
Advertising Agency opens in Chicago, Illinois.
Wednesday, August 5, 1914
The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty is laid on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.
American Civil War ndash Battle of Baton Rouge: Along the Mississippi River near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Confederate troops drive Union forces back into the city.
Wednesday, August 5, 1812
Mount Asama erupts, causing turmoil in Edo period Japan.
Wednesday, August 5, 1772
Pontiac's War ndash Battle of Bushy Run: British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac's Indians at Bushy Run in the Pennsylvania backcountry.
August ndash Fire in Smyrna, Turkey, destroys 2,600 houses.
Wednesday, August 5, 1716
14 ndash The King's Men perform Thomas Middleton's satire "A Game at Chess" at the Globe Theatre, London, until it is suppressed in view of its allusions to the Spanish Match.
Wednesday, August 5, 1620
Battle of Les Ponts-de-Cé, Poitou: French king Louis XIII defeats his mother Marie de' Medici.
The mother of Johannes Kepler is arrested for witchcraft.
O.S.) ndash The "Mayflower" and "Speedwell" depart together from Plymouth, England, but the "Speedwell" starts to leak again and must stop.
Tuesday, July 26, 1575 (Julianian calendar)
Friday, July 26, 1566 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, July 26, 1543 (Julianian calendar)
Third Succession Act: Elizabeth is restored to the order of succession to the throne of England.
Indians in Spanish colonies are declared free against the wish of local settlers.
Monday, July 26, 1529 (Julianian calendar)
Emperor Charles V and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Cambrai, or the Ladies' Peace. Francis abandons his claims in Italy, but is allowed to retain Burgundy. Henry VIII of England accedes on August 27.ref name=Cassell's Chronology
Wednesday, July 27, 1496 (Julianian calendar)
Wednesday, July 27, 1485 (Julianian calendar)
Wednesday, July 27, 1435 (Julianian calendar)
Sunday, July 28, 1392 (Julianian calendar)
Friday, July 28, 1391 (Julianian calendar)
Manuel II Palaiologos becomes Byzantine Emperor after his father, John V Palaiologos, dies of a nervous breakdown due to his continued humiliation by the Ottoman Empire.
Shah Mansur becomes leader of the Timurid occupied Muzaffarid Empire in central Persia.
Ushkuinik pirates from Novgorod sack the Muscovy towns of Zhukotin and Kazan.
Anti-Jewish riots spread to Toledo, Spain and Barcelona. Many Jews leave Barcelona after the following massacres, though a large number remain in the city.
government orders 50 million trees planted in Nanjing
A group of Muzaffarids under Zafar Khan Muzaffar establish a new Sultanate at Gujarat in western India.
Tuesday, July 28, 1388 (Julianian calendar)
Wednesday, July 28, 1305 (Julianian calendar)
Wenceslas III becomes king of Bohemia.
Tuesday, July 29, 1264 (Julianian calendar)
Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt (modern-day Germany). In Spain, King James I of Aragon reconquers the cities of Orihuela in Alicante and Elx in Valencia from the Moors, ending over 500 years of Islamic rule.
Wednesday, July 29, 1164 (Julianian calendar)
is recognized as the seat of the Swedish
metropolitan with the coronation of its first archbishop Stefan
by the pope.
Sunday, July 29, 1100 (Julianian calendar)
Tuesday, July 31, 910 (Julianian calendar)
Friday, August 2, 642 (Julianian calendar)
Emperor Taizong of Tang
issues a decree throughout China
that increases the punishment for men who deliberately inflict injuries upon themselves (most commonly breaking their own legs) in order to avoid military conscription
. This decree is an effort to eradicate this practice that has grown as a trend since the time of the rebellion against the Sui Dynasty
Arabs conquer Alexandria.