Iraq agrees to allow U.N. weapons inspectors to search the Iraqi Agricultural Ministry building in Baghdad. When inspectors arrive on July 28 and 29, they found nothing and voice suspicions that Iraqi records had been removed.
A federal grand jury indicts Cornell University student Robert Tappan Morris, Jr. for releasing a computer virus, making him the first person to be prosecuted under the 1986 Computer Fraud and Abuse Act.
Monday, July 26, 1976
Delegates attending an American Legion convention at The Bellevue Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, US, begin falling ill with a form of pneumonia: this will eventually be recognised as the first outbreak of Legionnaires' disease and will end in the deaths of 29 attendees.
The United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Uganda.
Cold War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs the National Security Act of 1947 into law, creating the Central Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the National Security Council.
Thursday, July 26, 1945
Winston Churchill resigns as the United Kingdom's Prime Minister after his Conservative Party is soundly defeated by the Labour Party in the 1945 general election. Clement Attlee becomes the new Prime Minister. It is the first time that Labour has governed Britain with a commons majority.
The Potsdam Declaration demands Japan's unconditional surrender Article 12 permitting Japan to retain the reign of the Emperor has been deleted by President Truman.ref name=nuclearfiles1940/
Wednesday, July 26, 1944
WWII: A Messerschmitt Me 262 becomes the first jet fighter aircraft to have an operational victory.
American Civil War: George B. McClellan assumes command of the Army of the Potomac following the disastrous Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run.
American Civil War: In order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government issues the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800 rescinded in 1872).
French landing party raids and burns Teignmouth in Devon, England. However, with the loss of James II's position in Ireland, any plans for a real invasion are soon shelved and Teignmouth is the last-ever French attack on England.