Unix Timestamp: 963754634
Sunday, July 16. 2000, 01:37:14 PM UTC+0000


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Thursday, July 16, 2009

Iceland's national parliament, the Althingi, votes to pursue joining the EU.ref name=HelgasonHelgason, Gudjon and Meera Selva. //news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090716/ap_on_re_eu/eu_iceland_eu Iceland's parliament votes to join EU. "Yahoo! News", 16 July 2009.
Former South Korean President and Nobel Peace Prize winner Kim Dae-jung is in an intensive care unit in a Seoul hospital being treated for pneumonia. //english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2009/07/16/0302000000AEN20090716006900315.HTML (Yonhap) //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8153377.stm (BBC)

Wednesday, July 16, 2003

Following the 500,000-people protest on July 1, the government of Hong Kong is hit by two resignations of high-ranking officials in one day. One is the Financial Secretary Antony Leung and the other is the Security Secretary Regina Ip, who was in charge of the controversial Article 23. //e.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=10000080sid=ak0n4Kcq8NgMrefer=asia
A coup d'état takes place in São Tomé and Príncipe the prime minister Maria das Neves is arrested. //www.globeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20030716.wsaotome0716/BNStory/International/
Seán Ó Muireagáin, a Northern Irish journalist, arrested by Israel and held for five days without legal representation in a case of mistaken identity, is released and leaves Israel. The affair causes considerable embarrassment to the Israeli and British secret services, the former having arrested Ó Mureagáin on the advice of the latter, who claimed incorrectly that he was a Real IRA man with the same name. In the confused aftermath, the Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman suggests that Ó Muireagáin may have been guilty, while Prime Minister Sharon's spokesman states categorically that he was innocent and the entire affair an error. He claims that Ó Muireagáin is a former convicted Provisional IRA terrorist.
An 86-year-old man accidentally hits the accelerator instead of the brake at a farmer's market in Santa Monica, California, driving his car through a closed-off street and killing at least 10 people (including a 3-year-old girl and a 7-month-old boy) and injuring over 50 others. One of the dead is the daughter-in-law of actor Dennis Weaver.

Monday, July 16, 2001

The FBI arrests Dmitry Sklyarov at a convention in Las Vegas for violating a provision of the DMCA.

Friday, July 16, 1999

Off the coast of Martha\\'s Vineyard, a plane piloted by John F. Kennedy Jr. crashes, killing him and his wife Carolyn Bessette Kennedy and her sister Lauren Bessette.

Wednesday, July 16, 1997

The Dow Jones Industrial Average gains 63.17 to close at 8,038.88. It is the Dow's first close above 8,000. The Dow has doubled its value in 30 months.

Tuesday, July 16, 1996

Community of Portuguese Language Countries (Comunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa) constituted.
An outbreak of E. coli food poisoning in Japan reaches 6,000 fatalities, after a group of school children who have eaten contaminated lunches die.
Joe Klein admits that he is Anonymous, the author of Primary Colors.
Paris and Rome-bound TWA Flight 800 (Boeing 747) explodes off the coast of Long Island, New York, killing all 230 on board.

Friday, July 16, 1993

Japanese general election, 1993: The loss of majority of the Liberal Democratic Party results in a coalition taking power.
July 17 ndash In Estonia, the majority Russian cities of Narva and Sillamäe organize illegal referendums on territorial autonomy to protest new citizenship laws.
U.S. President Bill Clinton announces his 'Don't ask, don't tell' policy regarding gays in the American military.

Tuesday, July 16, 1991

President Gorbachev arrives in London to ask for western aid from the leaders of the G7.

Monday, July 16, 1990

An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter Scale kills more than 1,600 in the Philippines.

Saturday, July 16, 1983

Sikorsky S-61 disaster: a helicopter crashes off the Isles of Scilly, causing 20 fatalities.

Friday, July 16, 1982

In New York City, The Reverend Sun Myung Moon is sentenced to 18 months in prison and fined $25,000 for tax fraud and conspiracy to obstruct justice.

Thursday, July 16, 1981

July 21 ndash England become the first team this century to win a test match after following on when they beat Australia by 18 runs at Headingley cricket ground, Leeds, England.
Israeli aircraft bomb Beirut, destroying multi-story apartment blocks containing the offices of PLO associated groups, killing approximately 300 civilians and resulting in worldwide condemnation and a U.S. embargo on the export of aircraft to Israel.{{cite journal|title=The Bombing of Beirut|journal=Journal of Palestine Studies|volume=11|issue=1|year=1981|pages=218–225|doi=10.1525/jps.1981.11.1.00p0366x}}
Hyatt Regency walkway collapse: Two skywalks filled with people at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Kansas City, Missouri collapse into a crowded atrium lobby, killing 114.
In Bolivia, General Luis Gracia Meza leads a bloody coup d'état against the elected government of Lidia Gayler.

Wednesday, July 16, 1980

Former California Governor and actor Ronald Reagan is nominated for U.S. President, at the

Monday, July 16, 1979

Iraqi President Hasan al-Bakr resigns and Vice President Saddam Hussein replaces him.

Friday, July 16, 1976

The 1976 Summer Olympics begin in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
July 20 – Albert Spaggiari and his gang break into the vault of the Societe Generale Bank in Nice, France.
East Timor is declared the 27th province of Indonesia.

Monday, July 16, 1973

Watergate Scandal: Former White House aide Alexander Butterfield informs the United States Senate Watergate Committee that President Richard Nixon had secretly recorded potentially incriminating conversations.

Friday, July 16, 1971

Spanish dictator and head of state Francisco Franco makes Prince Juan Carlos his successor.

Thursday, July 16, 1970

Wednesday, July 16, 1969

Apollo program: "Apollo 11" (Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Michael Collins) lifts off toward the first landing on the Moon.

Sunday, July 16, 1967

A prison riot in Jay, Florida leaves 37 dead.

Saturday, July 16, 1966

The Hough Riots break out in Cleveland, Ohio, the city's first race riot.
"Gemini 10" (John Young, Michael Collins) is launched. After docking with an Agena target vehicle, the astronauts then set a world altitude record of 474 miles (763 km).
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson flies to Moscow to try to start peace negotiations about the Vietnam War (the Soviet government refutes his ideas).

Friday, July 16, 1965

The Mont Blanc Tunnel is inaugurated by presidents Giuseppe Saragat and Charles de Gaulle.

Thursday, July 16, 1964

Six days of race riots begin in Harlem.
Judith Graham Pool publishes her discovery of cryoprecipitate, a substance that extends the lives of hemophiliacs around the world.
At the Republican National Convention in San Francisco, U.S. presidential nominee Barry Goldwater declares that extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice, and moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.

Tuesday, July 16, 1957

United States Marine Major John Glenn flies an F8U supersonic jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds, setting a new transcontinental speed record.

Monday, July 16, 1956

With the closing of its Big Tent show in Pittsburgh, Ringling Bros. and Barnum Bailey Circus announces all subsequent circuses will be arena shows due to changing economics.

Monday, July 16, 1951

King Léopold III of Belgium abdicates in favour of his son Baudouin.

Sunday, July 16, 1950

Uruguay beat Brazil 2–1 to win the 1950 World Cup.

Tuesday, July 16, 1946

Monday, July 16, 1945

WWII: A train collision near Munich, Germany kills 102 war prisoners.
The Trinity Test, the first of an atomic bomb, using about six kilograms of plutonium, succeeds in unleashing an explosion equivalent to that of 19 kilotons of TNT.

Sunday, July 16, 1944

WWII: The first contingent of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force arrives in Italy.

Tuesday, July 16, 1935

The world's first parking meters are installed in Oklahoma City.

Thursday, July 16, 1931

Emperor Haile Selassie signs the first constitution of Ethiopia.

Monday, July 16, 1917

July 17 ndash Russian troops mutiny, abandon the Austrian front, and retreat to the Ukraine hundreds are shot by their commanding officers during the retreat.
July 18 ndash Serious clashes in St. Petersburg in July Days Lenin escapes to Finland Trotsky is arrested.

Friday, July 16, 1909

A revolution forces Mohammad Ali Shah, Persian Shah of the Qajar dynasty to abdicate in favor of his son Ahmad Shah Qajar. He proceeds to leave Persia for Imperial Russia, reportedly seeking the assistance of Nicholas II of Russia in regaining the throne.

Monday, July 16, 1877

Great railroad strike of 1877: Riots by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad railroad workers in Baltimore, Maryland lead to a sympathy strike and rioting in Pittsburgh, and a full-scale worker's rebellion in St. Louis, briefly establishing a Communist government before U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes calls in the armed forces.

Thursday, July 16, 1863

Battle of Shimonoseki Straits: The screw sloop {{USS|Wyoming|1859}} engages with the Chōshū Domain fleet before withdrawing, Japan's first naval engagement between elements of modern navies.

Wednesday, July 16, 1862

Wednesday, July 16, 1834

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne succeeds Earl Grey as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Sunday, July 16, 1809

The city of La Paz (current Bolivia) declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the "Junta Tuitiva", the first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo.

Monday, July 16, 1798

The Relief of Sick and Disabled Seamen Act is signed into law, creating the Marine Hospital Service, the forerunner to the current United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps.

Friday, July 16, 1790

The signing of the Residence Bill establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia, the capital district of the United States

Saturday, July 16, 1785

Wednesday, July 16, 1783

Grants of land in Canada to American loyalists are announced.

Friday, July 16, 1779

American Revolutionary War: United States forces led by General Anthony Wayne capture Stony Point, New York from British troops.

Sunday, July 16, 1769

Father Junípero Serra founds Mission San Diego de Alcalá, the first of the 21 California missions.

Friday, July 16, 1683

nd July 17 ndash Battle of Penghu: Qing Chinese admiral Shi Lang defeats the naval forces of Zheng Keshuang in a decisive victory.

Tuesday, July 16, 1675

July 24 ndash An envoy from Massachusetts attempts to negotiate with the Nipmuck tribe.

Wednesday, July 16, 1659

Wednesday, July 16, 1631

The city of Würzburg is taken by Gustav Adolf of Sweden, putting an end to the Würzburg witch trials, but not before an estimated 900 people from the city and its environs had been burned at the stake for witchcraft.

Friday, July 6, 1548 (Julianian calendar)

La Paz becomes the capital of Brazil.

Wednesday, July 8, 1377 (Julianian calendar)

Coronation of 10-year-old Richard II, grandson of Edward III. A minority government was established and a series of continual councils ruled on his behalf until 1381.
August ndash the Hongwu Emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China scraps the Office of Reports Inspection established in 1370 for a new Office of Transmission, in his efforts to create a more efficient communicatory system in the empire. A month before this he noted that anyone could send petitions to the throne commoners often did, although the only times their petitions were read aloud to the emperor was when they called for the impeachment of local officials that were not up to par with their official duties.

Monday, July 8, 1342 (Julianian calendar)

Louis I becomes king of Hungary.

Sunday, July 9, 1228 (Julianian calendar)

Sunday, July 10, 1054 (Julianian calendar)

Cardinal Humbertus, a representative of Pope Leo IX, and Michael Cerularius, Patriarch of Constantinople, decree each other's excommunication. Most historians look to this act as the final step in the initiation of the Great Schism between the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Christian Churches. In 1965, those excommunications are rescinded by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras when they meet in the Second Vatican Council. However, to this day each church claims to be the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church and each denies the other's right to that name. (See East-West Schism)

Sunday, July 10, 1048 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Benedict IX is driven from Rome, ending his third and final pontificate.

Tuesday, July 13, 622 (Julianian calendar)

Xuanzang is fully ordained as a monk at the age of 20.{{cite book|last=Howgego|first=Raymond John|title=Encyclopedia of exploration to 1800|year=2003|publisher=Hordern House|isbn=978-1-875567-36-2|page=522|url=//books.google.com.au/books?ct=resultid=nFIRAQAAMAAJdq=Xuanzang+ordained+as+a+monk+622q=c.622#search_anchor}}
Year one of the Islamic calendar begins, during which the Hijra occurs ndash Muhammad and his followers emigrate from Mecca to Medina in September.{{cite journal|last=Sardar|first=Ziauddin|title=The astronomy of Ramadan|journal=New Scientist|date=24 June 1982|volume=94|issue=1311|page=854|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=ts4HDr_n_rQCpg=PA854dq=islamic+calendar+begins+16+July+622#v=onepageq=islamic%20calendar%20begins%2016%20July%20622f=false|ISSN=0262-4079}}
Source: Wikipedia