Saturday, November 8, 2008
Wednesday, November 8, 2006
Mercury transits the sun. It is visible from the Americas, Eastern China, Japan, Australia, and Polynesia.
Saturday, November 8, 2003
In Pakistan, "United Press International" reports a letter sent to members of the opposition in Pakistan on a military letterhead causes panic in President Pervez Musharraf's government because it says he has been imposed on this nation. The letter reportedly states that "We want to assure the nation that this army belongs to you and to Pakistan ... Pervez Musharraf and his clique has been imposed on this nation". //www.upi.com/view.cfm?StoryID=20031107-125247-8004r
Iraq disarmament crisis: Iraq agrees to the terms of UN Security Council Resolution 1441.
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Jiang Zemin announced several key policies at the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in Beijing. Although Marxism-Leninism would remain the official ideology of China, entrepreneurs and people in unconventional occupations, who are building socialism with Chinese characteristics, would have a voice in establishing Communist Party ideology. Mr. Jiang is preparing to yield the position of General Secretary of the Party to Hu Jintao, but will maintain the presidency.
Former President of France Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, head of the Convention on the Future of Europe, told the newspaper "Le Monde" that Turkey should not become a member of the European Union, even though Turkey is a very important country with a true elite. He particularly mentioned that the capital and 95% of the population were not located on the European continent. He also mentioned that "one cannot discuss, as we do it, the national legislation of the Union, on very important points of everyday European issues and pretend that some discussions could be extended to countries which, for perfectly estimable reasons, have another culture, another approach, another way of life".
All 141 people on board a Nigerian-owned Boeing 727 die when the aircraft crashes into the Atlantic Ocean while approaching Lagos airport.
Tuesday, November 8, 1994
Hong Kong begins the forcible repatriation of Vietnamese boat people, starting with a group of 59 who were flown to Hanoi.
On the anniversary of Kristallnacht
, tens of thousands of protestors demonstrate against attacks on immigrant workers.
The British JET
fusion reactor generates 1.5 MW output power.
Tuesday, November 8, 1988
United States presidential election, 1988: George H. W. Bush is elected over Michael Dukakis becoming the first sitting Vice President of the United States in 200 years to be elected as President of the United States.
Enniskillen bombing: Eleven people are killed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb at a Remembrance Day service at Enniskillen.
becomes the seventh president of Turkey
as a result of constitution referandum. His former title was "'head of state"'.
Thursday, November 8, 1973
Millennium '73, a festival hosted by Guru Maharaj Ji at the Astrodome, is called by supporters the most significant event in human history.
Led Zeppelin releases their Fourth Studio album Led Zeppelin IV which goes on to sell 23,000,000 copies.
Wednesday, November 8, 1967
flight OH-LCA crashes before landing at Mariehamn
airport on the Åland islands.
Miike Coal Mine explosion: In Japan, a coal mine explosion kills 458 and sends 839 carbon monoxide poisoning victims to the hospital.
Wednesday, November 8, 1961
Tuesday, November 8, 1960
United States presidential election, 1960: In a close race, John F. Kennedy is elected over Richard Nixon, to become (at 43) the second youngest man to serve at the President of the United States, and the youngest man elected to this position.
Film "Jailhouse Rock" opens across the U.S. to reach #3, and Elvis Presley continues to gain more notoriety.
Wednesday, November 8, 1950
French Resistance Coup in Algiers: 400 French civil resistants neutralize the Vichyist XIXth Army Corps and the Vichyist generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), so allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers, and ultimately the whole of French North Africa.
Wednesday, November 8, 1939
Wednesday, November 8, 1933
Thursday, November 8, 1923
Poland regains independence after 123 years of partitions. Józef Piłsudski is appointed Commander-in-Chief.
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicates and chooses to live in exile in the Netherlands.
Provisional National Council Minister-President Kurt Eisner declares Bavaria to be a republic.
The German army withdraws its support of the Kaiser.
Tuesday, November 8, 1904
U.S. presidential election, 1904: Republican incumbent Theodore Roosevelt defeats Democrat Alton B. Parker.
Wednesday, November 8, 1899
Tuesday, November 8, 1887
Emile Berliner is granted a patent for his Gramophone.
Tuesday, November 8, 1864
Wednesday, November 8, 1837
NovemberndashDecember ndash In the Canadas, William Lyon Mackenzie leads the Upper Canada Rebellion and Louis-Joseph Papineau leads the Lower Canada Rebellion.
Thursday, November 8, 1798
Aarau becomes the temporary capital of the Helvetic Republic.
The first census
counts 2 million blacks in a total population of 3.25 million.
Tuesday, November 8, 1718
22 of Stede Bonnet's pirate crew are hanged at Charleston.
Saturday, November 8, 1687
Wladyslaw IV Waza is elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Sigismund III Vasa's death.
Thirty Years' War ndash Battle of Lützen ndash Swedish king Gustav II Adolf leads an assault on Wallenstein's army, but is killed early in the battle. Despite the king's death, the Swedish commanders manage to rally the army and eventually defeat Wallenstein's army. As a result, Wallenstein withdraws from Saxony.
Thursday, November 8, 1629
Actresses are banned in Japan.
Chongzhen, the Chinese emperor of the Ming Dynasty, reiterates the state prohibition against female infanticide, while the empire and the Chinese economy begins to crumble. In the same year, a third of the courier stations are closed down due to lack of government funds to sustain them.
Wednesday, November 8, 1623
The Safavids recapture Baghdad.
is first mentioned in a psychiatric treatise.
The second Thanksgiving is celebrated at Plymouth Plantation.
Publication in London of the "First Folio" ("Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, Tragedies"), a collection of 36 of the plays of Shakespeare, half of which have not previously been printed.
On the coast of New Hshire, the settlement of Hilton's Point that will become Dover is established by men from London, England, the first European settlers in the state.
Plymouth Colony settlers sign the Mayflower Compact (11 November, O.S.).
Thirty Years' War ndash Battle of White Mountain: Catholic forces are victorious in only two hours near Prague.
Monday, October 29, 1576 (Julianian calendar)
December ndash The States-General of Blois declared itself against the Edict of Beaulieu, beginning the sixth War of Religion
An early exle of autobiography
is written in English by Thomas Wythorne.
Eighty Years' War ndash Pacification of Ghent: The States-General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose pillaging Spanish mutineers.
Monday, October 29, 1520 (Julianian calendar)
ndash 82 noblemen and clergymen, having been sentenced to death for their involvement in the Swedish resistance against the Danish invasion, are executed by beheading in the Stockholm bloodbath
Saturday, October 29, 1519 (Julianian calendar)
moves from the southern to the northern part of Cuba
Martin Luther questions the infallibility of papal decrees.
Central Mexico Amerindians' population ndash 25.3 million.
The artistic form appears in Georgia
The first civil revolt in Anatolia
takes place, led by Alevi preacher Celâl.
According to Wang Yangming (1472–1529), the Ming Dynasty philosopher and governor of Jiangxi, China, he intends to use "fo–lang–ji" cannons in suppressing the rebellion of Prince Zhu Chenhao in this year. This is most likely the earliest reference in China to the breech-loading Frankish culverin.
Sunday, November 1, 1226 (Julianian calendar)
The king Sancho II of Portugal launches a large offensive against the Muslims and takes the city of Elvas.ref name=picard2000
In Norway, Brother Robert writes "Saga Af Tristram ok Ísodd", one of the rare fully surviving versions of the legend of Tristan and Iseult
Saturday, November 3, 960 (Julianian calendar)
The amount of registered soldiers in the Song Chinese army is some 378,000.
Monday, November 5, 641 (Julianian calendar)
Alexandria is formally surrendered to Amr ibn al-As by a treaty.
Friday, November 7, 441 (Julianian calendar)
, led by Attila
, attack Constanţa (modern Romania
), one of the few remaining Roman fort
s on the northern bank of the Danube
and designated as a secure trading post
. On a crowded market
day, the Huns
take the town by surprise and slaughter the garrison
.The End of Empire. Christopher Kelly, 2009. ISBN 978-0-393-33849-2