Bolivian President Evo Morales expresses concern in La Paz about the possibility that the “Pinochetistas” in Chile and the “fascist right” in Argentina could win the general elections in those countries and that it would be very serious for Latin American democracy and for South America. //en.mercopress.com/2009/08/05/morales (MercoPress)
U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.
The presidents of five Central American countries agree that the U.S.-backed "contras" fighting the government of Nicaragua should be disbanded and evicted from their bases in Honduras by December 5.
Sunday, August 5, 1979
A nudist beach is established in Brighton.
The Polisario Front signs a peace treaty with Mauritania. Mauritania withdraw from the Western Sahara territory it had occupied, and ceded it to the SADR.
Raymond Washington, co-founder of the Crips, today one of the largest, most notorious gangs in the United States, is killed in a drive-by shooting in Los Angeles (his killers have not yet been identified).
Thursday, August 5, 1976
The Great Clock of Westminster (or Big Ben) suffers internal damage and stops running for over nine months.
Tuesday, August 5, 1975
British Leyland Motor Corporation comes under British government control.
Followers of Charles Manson murder Sharon Tate, (who was eight months pregnant), and her friends: Folgers coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Wojciech Frykowski, and Hollywood hairstylist Jay Sebring at the home of Tate and her husband, Roman Polanski, in Los Angeles, California. Also killed was Steven Parent, leaving from a visit to the Polanskis' caretaker. More than 100 stab wounds are found on the victims, except for Parent, who had been shot almost as soon as the Manson Family entered the property.
Thor Heyerdahl's balsa wood raft, the "Kon-Tiki", smashes into the reef at Raroia in the Tuamotu Islands after a 101 day, 4,300 mile, voyage across the Eastern Pacific Ocean, proving that pre-historic peoples could hypothetically have traveled to the Central Pacific islands from South America.
The Netherlands stops all political actions in Indonesia.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah becomes the first Governor General of Pakistan. Liaqat Ali Khan takes office as the first Prime Minister of Pakistan
The Muslim majority region formed by the Partition of India gain independence from the British Empire and adopts the name "'Pakistan"'. While the transition is officially at midnight on this day, Pakistan celebrates its independence on August 14, compared with India on the 15th, because the Pakistan Standard Time is 30 minutes behind the standard time of India.
The greater Indian subcontinent with a mixed population of Hindus, Muslims,Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Jews, etc. formed by the Partition of India gain independence from the British Empire and retains the name "'India"'.
Thursday, August 5, 1937
The Soviet Union commences one of the largest caigns of the Great Purge, to eliminate anti-Soviet elements. Within the following year, at least 724,000 people are killed on order of the troikas, directed by Joseph Stalin. This was an offensive that targeted social classes (such as the kulaks), ethnic or racial backgrounds which were seen as non-Russian, and Stalin's personal opponents from the Communist Party and their sympathizers.
Monday, August 5, 1935
The Leo Burnett Advertising Agency opens in Chicago, Illinois.
Emperor Charles V and Francis I of France sign the Treaty of Cambrai, or the Ladies' Peace. Francis abandons his claims in Italy, but is allowed to retain Burgundy. Henry VIII of England accedes on August 27.ref name=Cassell's Chronology
Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt (modern-day Germany). In Spain, King James I of Aragon reconquers the cities of Orihuela in Alicante and Elx in Valencia from the Moors, ending over 500 years of Islamic rule.
Emperor Taizong of Tang issues a decree throughout China that increases the punishment for men who deliberately inflict injuries upon themselves (most commonly breaking their own legs) in order to avoid military conscription. This decree is an effort to eradicate this practice that has grown as a trend since the time of the rebellion against the Sui Dynasty.