Saturday, December 13, 2008
Thursday, December 13, 2007
Wednesday, December 13, 2006
Malaysia crowns its thirteenth king - the second youngest ever - in a traditional ceremony in Kuala Lumpur. Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin, 44, takes over from outgoing King Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, 63, whose five-year term as monarch ended on December 12. //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/6174781.stm
Monday, December 13, 2004
Saturday, December 13, 2003
Friday, December 13, 2002
The European Union invited Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Cyprus and Malta to join. Expansion is scheduled for May 2004.
US Senate majority leader Trent Lott apologizes on television amid growing outcry for his resignation from both ends of the political spectrum for comments made at Senator Strom Thurmond's 100th birthday party which seemed to support Thurmond's 1948 segregationist presidential caign platform.
Thursday, December 13, 2001
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, Raja of Perlis becomes the 12th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia
Wednesday, December 13, 2000
Disney's Paradise Pier Hotel opens at the Disneyland Resort.
Friday, December 13, 1996
Tuesday, December 13, 1983
Pope John Paul II
visits his would-be assassin Mehmet Ali Ağca in prison to forgive him.
A Provisional IRA car bomb kills 6 Christmas shoppers and injures 90 outside Harrods in London.
, of ANAP
forms the new government of Turkey
(45th government) beginning of a new civilian regime
A discotheque fire in Madrid, Spain, kills 83 people.
Monday, December 13, 1982
An earthquake (Richter Scale 6.0 magnitude) in Dhamar
, northern Yemen
, kills at least 1,507.
Sunday, December 13, 1981
Wednesday, December 13, 1978
Tuesday, December 13, 1977
A DC-3 charter plane carrying the University of Evansville
basketball team to Nashville, Tenn., crashes in rain and dense fog about 90 seconds after takeoff from Evansville
Dress Regional Airport. Twenty-nine people die in the crash, including 14 members of the team and head coach Bob Watson.
Sunday, December 13, 1970
The South Korean ferry "Namyong Ho" capsizes off Korean Strait 308 people are killed.
The government of Poland
announces food price increases. Riots and looting lead to a bloody confrontation between the rioters and the government on December 15
, and martial law December 17–22.
The USSR's "Venera 7
" becomes the first spacecraft to land successfully on Venus and transmit data back to Earth.
Friday, December 13, 1968
Brazilian president Artur da Costa e Silva decrees the AI-5 (or the Fifth Institutional Act), which lasts until 1978 and marks the beginning of the hard times of Brazilian military dictatorship.
Wednesday, December 13, 1967
Sunday, December 13, 1959
Three years after its first telecast, MGM's "The Wizard of Oz" is shown on television for only the second time, but it gains an even larger viewing audience than its first television outing, spurring CBS to make it an annual tradition.
Thursday, December 13, 1951
Wednesday, December 13, 1944
The Soviet government changes Turkish place names to Russian in the Crimea
Saturday, December 13, 1941
Wednesday, December 13, 1939
Tuesday, December 13, 1938
Monday, December 13, 1937
Sunday, December 13, 1931
Saturday, December 13, 1862
Battle of Fredericksburg: The U.S. Army suffers massive casualties and abandons its attempts to capture the Confederate capital city of Richmond, Virginia.
Wednesday, December 13, 1843
becomes a British protectorate.ref name=CBH
Sunday, December 13, 1795
Wold Newton meteorite: A meteorite falls at Wold Newton, a hamlet in Yorkshire in England. This meteorite fall is subsequently used as a literary premise by science fiction writer Philip José Farmer as the basis for the Wold Newton family.
Monday, December 13, 1779
Wednesday, December 13, 1769
The Maharajah of Mysore forces the British to agree a treaty of mutual assistance in view of the famine, but the British East India Company increases its demands on the Bengali people to keep profits up.
The city of Brescia
is devastated when the Church of San Nazaro, near Venice
, is struck by lightning
. The resulting fire ignites 200,000 lb (90,000 kg) of gunpowder
being stored there, causing a massive explosion which destroys 1/6 of the city and kills 3,000 people. The disaster
prompts the Roman Catholic Church
to abandon their religious objection to using lightning
rods to protect their property.
Friday, December 13, 1754
Osman III (1754–1757) succeeds Mahmud I as Ottoman Emperor.
Saturday, December 13, 1642
The Manchu under their leader Huang Taiji raid the Ming Chinese province of Shandong from their base in Manchuria. Two years later Beijing falls to rebels, the Chongzhen Emperor commits suicide, and the Shunzhi Emperor becomes the first Qing Emperor to rule over China proper.
The village of Bro (Broo) in Sweden
is granted the city rights for the second time and takes the name Kristinehamn
(literally Christina's port) after the present Swedish monarch, Queen Christina
Saturday, December 13, 1636
In the American colonies, Roger Williams (theologian) founds Rhode Island.
The first synagogue of the New World, Kahal Zur Israel Synagogue, is founded in Recife by the Dutch.
The first American ancestor of John Adams, Henry Adams, emigrates to Massachusetts.
The Shogun forbids Japanese to travel abroad and those abroad from returning home.
Manchus occupy the Liaoning region in north China, select Shenyang (Mukden) as their capital, and proclaim the new Qing Dynasty (pure).
Tuesday, December 3, 1577 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, December 3, 1545 (Julianian calendar)
Silver is discovered at Potosí, Bolivia.
During the Ming Dynasty
, a large failure of the harvest in Henan
occurs due to excessive rainfall, which drives up the price of wheat and forces many to flee their rural counties those who stay behind are forced to survive by eating leaves, bark, and human flesh.
Tuesday, December 4, 1408 (Julianian calendar)
Tuesday, December 6, 1250 (Julianian calendar)
Starting in this year and ending in 1275, the Muslim Shougeng Pu serves as the Commissioner of Merchant Shipping for the Song Dynasty Chinese seaport at Quanzhou due to his effort on defeating pirates, according to a monograph on the Chinese shipping industry and maritime economy in dynasties of Tang and Sung written by Jitsuzo Kuwabara (桑原騭藏, 1870-1931). Shougeng Pu is likely a Persian or Arabic Muslim.
A kurultai is called by Batu Khan in Siberia as part of maneuverings to eventually elect Möngke Khan as khan of the Mongol empire in 1251.
The Parlement law courts of "ancien régime" France are established.
The Lombard League dissolves upon the death of its member states' nemesis, Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Wednesday, December 8, 902 (Julianian calendar)