Wednesday, October 31, 2007
Tuesday, October 31, 2000
Thursday, October 31, 1996
A Brazilian TAM Fokker
airliner crashes into a densely populated area of São Paulo
, killing 103.
November ndash Iraq disarmament crisis: UNSCOM inspectors uncover buried prohibited missile parts. Iraq refuses to allow UNSCOM teams to remove remnants of missile engines for analysis outside of the country
A devastating category 4
Cyclone strikes Andhra Pradesh
, India. The storm surge sweeps fishing villages out to sea, over 2,000 people die. 95 percent of the crops are completely destroyed.
Saturday, October 31, 1992
Pope John Paul II issues an apology, and lifts the edict of the Inquisition against Galileo Galilei.
Thursday, October 31, 1991
Tuesday, October 31, 1989
The Grand National Assembly of Turkey elects Prime Minister Turgut Özal as the eighth President of Turkey.
Wednesday, October 31, 1984
Wednesday, October 31, 1973
A bomb explodes at the top of the Post Office Tower in London.
Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the silent majority to join him in solidarity with the Vietnam War effort, and to support his policies. Vice President Spiro T. Agnew denounces the President's critics as 'an effete corps of impudent snobs' and 'nattering nabobs of negativism'.
Thursday, October 31, 1968
U.S. presidential election, 1968: Republican challenger Richard M. Nixon defeats the Democratic candidate, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, and American Independent Party candidate George C. Wallace.
Vietnam War: Citing progress in the Paris peace talks, U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces to the nation that he has ordered a complete cessation of all air, naval, and artillery bombardment of North Vietnam effective November 1.
Saturday, October 31, 1964
Thursday, October 31, 1963
Wednesday, October 31, 1962
The UN General Assembly
asks the United Kingdom to suspend enforcement of the new constitution in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe
), but the constitution comes into effect on November 1
The Soviets begin dismantling their missiles in Cuba
The first issue of "Diabolik
" is published in Italy.
Saturday, October 31, 1959
Riots break out in the Belgian Congo.
Thursday, October 31, 1957
begins exporting vehicles to the U.S., beginning with the Toyota
Crown and the Toyota
Wednesday, October 31, 1951
Tuesday, October 31, 1944
Thursday, October 31, 1918
WWI: Austria-Hungary enters an armistice with the Allies
: Sailors in the German fleet at Kiel
mutiny and throughout northern Germany
soldiers and workers begin to establish revolutionary councils on the Russian soviet
Poland declares its independence from Russia.
government terminates the personal union with Austria, officially dissolving the Austro-Hungarian
Thursday, October 31, 1895
An anarchist bomb kills six in a police station in Avenue de l'Opera, Paris.
Tuesday, October 31, 1876
A catastrophic cyclone
strikes the east coast of India
, killing 200,000.
Thursday, October 31, 1776
In his first speech before British Parliament since the Declaration of Independence that summer, King George III
acknowledges that all is not going well for Britain in the war with the United States
Wednesday, October 31, 1753
Virginia Lieut. Gov. Robert Dinwiddie commissions 21-year-old militia Maj. George Washington to dissuade the French from occupying the Ohio Country.
James Lind writes "A Treatise of the Scurvy".
The Cramer family starts a brewing operation including the current major brand Warsteiner
Robert Wood publishes "The ruins of Palmyra otherwise Tedmor in the desart" in English and French, making the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra known to the West.
Saturday, October 31, 1682
noble woman and traveller, begins her journeys across Britain, in a venture that would prove to be her life's work. Her aim was to chronicle the towns, cities and great houses of the country. Her travels continued until at least 1712, and would take her to every county in England, though the main body of her journal was not written until the year 1702.
In the city of Bideford
, Guenevere Damascus, her lover (name unknown) and their spiritual mentor are among the last to be burned at the stake for witchcraft in England
. They had been accused of speaking in unknown languages as well as practicing knowledge beyond their natural abilities, and acting in peculiar manners.
The first black slaves arrive in Germany.
Saturday, October 31, 1654
Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria, is crowned. His absolutist style of leadership becomes a benchmark for the rest of Germany.
Saturday, October 31, 1648
A treaty is signed between the Arabs and the Portuguese. The terms include a provision that the Portuguese should build fortresses at Kuriyat, Dibba Al-Hisn
) and Muttrah
Naval Battle of the Downs: A Republic of the United Provinces fleet decisively defeats a Spanish fleet in English waters.
Saturday, October 31, 1587
The first Filipinos
in North America land in Morro Bay, near San Luis Obispo, California.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi attacks Kyūshū.
Sunday, October 21, 1548 (Julianian calendar)
John Dee starts to study at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
The Ming Dynasty government of China issues a decree banning all foreign trade and closes down all seaports along the coast these Hai jin laws came during the Wokou wars with Japanese pirates, while the Portuguese began regular trade missions to China in 1449, and the ban on maritime trade was fully lifted in 1567.
December ndash Siam
beginning the Burmese–Siam
ese War 1548.
Wednesday, October 21, 1517 (Julianian calendar)
merchants make their first contact with China
after Rafael Perestrello was the first to land in southern China
European merchants venture into port at Guangzhou
and trade with Chinese merchants there.
Saturday, October 21, 1503 (Julianian calendar)
Monday, October 23, 1312 (Julianian calendar)
The Siege of Rostock begins.
A battle is fought near Thebes
Tuesday, October 25, 1043 (Julianian calendar)
In Song Dynasty China, the statesmen Ouyang Xiu and Fan Zhongyan put forth the Qingli Reforms, which are halted by 1045.
The Norman brothers, William Iron Arm and Drogo de Hauteville, assume power in Apulia.
Thursday, October 27, 802 (Julianian calendar)
Al-Andalus: The city of Saragossa
rises against the Umayyad rule.ref name=rucquoi1993
Irene is deposed as Empress of Byzantium, replaced by Nicephorus I, and banished to Lesbos.
Thursday, October 30, 475 (Julianian calendar)
A "Bodhisattva" (detail of a wall painting in the Ajanta Caves) in Maharashtra (India) of the Gupta period is made (approximate date).
Romulus Augustus (Little Augustus) is installed as emperor by his father Orestes who becomes "magister militum" and regent
of the Western Roman Empire