Tuesday, December 20, 2011
Thursday, December 20, 2007
Wednesday, December 20, 2006
Tuesday, December 20, 2005
Saturday, December 20, 2003
At the request of the U.S. Embassy in Paris, the French Government
orders Air France
to cancel several flights between France and the U.S. in response to terrorist concerns.
is scheduled to land on Mars, but nothing is heard from the lander.
is first accused of falsifying accounts to the tune of USD $5 billion, later admitted by founder Calisto Tanzi observers call it Europe's Enron
Friday, December 20, 2002
The magazine "Science" chose the discovery of small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) as the top science story of the year. The molecular switches have the potential to treat such diseases as HIV and cancer.
Senator Trent Lott resigned as Senate Majority Leader, concluding that his approving statements of fellow Senator Strom Thurmond's segregationist run for President of the United States in 1948 had limited his effectiveness and that of his fellow Republicans.
Monday, December 20, 1999
Friday, December 20, 1996
Sunday, December 20, 1992
President of Serbia Slobodan Milošević defeats Milan Panić in the Serbian presidential election.
The Folies Bergère music hall in Paris, France, closes.
Friday, December 20, 1991
Thursday, December 20, 1990
Wednesday, December 20, 1989
"Operation Just Cause" is launched in an attempt to overthrow Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega.thumb|200px|the Barrio El Chorrillo in fire, the morning of the United States invasion of Panama|USA invasion to Panama
Tuesday, December 20, 1988
Sunday, December 20, 1987
In history's worst peacetime sea disaster, the passenger ferry MV "Doña Paz"
sinks after colliding with the oil tanker "Vector 1" in the Tablas Strait in the Philippines, killing an estimated 4,000 people (1,749 official).
Saturday, December 20, 1986
Three African Americans are assaulted by a group of white teens in the Howard Beach neighborhood of Queens, New York. One of the victims, Michael Griffith, is run over and killed by a motorist while attempting to flee the attackers.
Sunday, December 20, 1981
Monday, December 20, 1976
Thursday, December 20, 1973
Friday, December 20, 1968
advocates that educated youth in urban China
be re-educated in the country. It marks the start of the Up to the mountains and down to the villages movement.
Tuesday, December 20, 1966
Harold Wilson withdraws all his previous offers to the Rhodesian government, and announces that he will agree to independence only after the founding of a Black majority government.
Monday, December 20, 1965
A new, 1-hour German-American production of "The Nutcracker", with an international cast that includes Edward Villella in the title role, makes its U.S. TV debut. It is repeated annually by CBS over the next 3 years, but after that, it is virtually forgotten, until it is issued on DVD in 2009 by Warner Archive.
The Soviet Union announces that it has shipped rockets to North Vietnam.
made a permanent UN
In West Germany, Konrad Adenauer
resigns as chairman of the Christian Democratic Party.
Friday, December 20, 1957
Saturday, December 20, 1952
The crash of a U.S. Air Force C-124 Globemaster at Moses Lake, WA kills 86 servicemen.
Wednesday, December 20, 1944
Monday, December 20, 1943
Thursday, December 20, 1923
BEGGARS Fraternity (the first social fraternity at a Jesuit college in the United States) is founded by nine men, who secured permission to do so from the Pope.
Friday, December 20, 1918
Monday, December 20, 1880
First Boer War: The Action at Bronkhorstspruit results in a Boer victory over the British.
Monday, December 20, 1875
Thursday, December 20, 1860
becomes the first state to secede from the United States Union.
Sunday, December 20, 1857
Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria issues a decree, "Es ist Mein Wille", which leads to the demolition of the city walls of Vienna, allowing the construction of the Ringstraße.
Wednesday, December 20, 1848
Slavery is abolished in Réunion
. This day is celebrated every year since 1981.
Tuesday, December 20, 1842
University of Notre Dame (by Father Edward Sorin, CSC of the Congregation of Holy Cross)
The first pils
beer is brewed in the Czech city of Pilsen
. The Pils is the original lager beer of which all modern lagers are copies.
The Sons of Temperance is founded in New York City.
Julius Robert von Mayer proposes that work and heat are equivalent.
Sunday, December 20, 1835
Monday, December 20, 1830
10,000 chests of opium are sold in China
Wednesday, December 20, 1820
Construction work is completed on the Citadelle Laferrière in Haiti, the largest fortification in the Americas.
Sunday, December 20, 1812
Tuesday, December 20, 1808
The original Covent Garden Theatre in London is destroyed by a fire, along with most of the scenery, costumes and scripts.
Wednesday, December 20, 1780
Western countries pay 16,000,000 ounces of silver for Chinese goods.
Jose Gabriel Kunturkanki, businessman and landowner, proclaims himself Inca Tupac Amaru II.
c. 9 million population in Britain
In Ireland, Lady Berry
, who is sentenced to death for the murder of her son, is released when she agrees to become an executioner
Saturday, December 20, 1777
becomes the first nation to formally recognize the American colonies thereby beginning Morocco
– United States relations.Bookin-Weiner, Jerome B. The Origins of Moroccan American Relations in THE ATLANTIC CONNECTION: 200 Years of Moroccan-American Relations 1786-1986, Bookin-Weiner, Jerome B. and El Mansour, Mohammed eds. Edino Press, 1990. Pg. 20
Sunday, December 20, 1722
Johann Sebastian Bach composes "The Well-Tempered Clavier".
Edenton is incorporated as the county seat of Chowan County, North Carolina. The governor and assembly of North Carolina move to Edenton, making it the de facto capital of North Carolina until 1746, when the government is moved to New Bern.
A small group of Bohemian Brethren (the Hidden Seed) from northern Moravia are allowed to settle in a new village, Herrnhut, on the Berthelsdorf estate of the pietist Count Nicolaus Zinzendorf in Upper Lusatia (Saxony), forming the "Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine", seed of the Moravian Church's renewal.
The "Silence Dogood" letters appear, written by Benjamin Franklin.
Sunday, December 20, 1699
England's Tory government reduces the standing army to 7,000 men who must all be British by birth. This causes friction between Parliament and the King, whose Dutch Blue Guards are deported.
William Dier explores the northwest coast of Australia.
Wednesday, December 20, 1662
Wednesday, December 20, 1656
Konoike Zen'amon (son of Konoike Shinroku) founds a baking and money-changing business in Osaka.
Mehmed Köprülü becomes Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire.
The Stockholm Banco, the first bank to issue banknotes
, is founded.
Jews are readmitted to England by Oliver Cromwell.
Sunday, December 20, 1626
When Quebec was first established its settlers depended on supplies sent from France. However, Chlain wanted the settlement at Quebec to be able to survive on its own. In 1626, Chlain decided to build a farm to raise livestock, or animals to provide food for the people living in the habitation. Chlain described the construction of Cap tourmente (Kap toor-mont) farm in one of his journals.
The beginning of the Würzburg witch trial
, which led to the mass executions of hundreds of people until 1631.
Wednesday, December 10, 1522 (Julianian calendar)
Suleiman the Magnificent
accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually re-settle on Malta
and become known as the Knights of Malta
The Knight's Revolt erupts in Germany.
Thursday, December 12, 1370 (Julianian calendar)
Carthusian monks build the Charterhouse in London.
Tran Phu deposes Duong Nhat Le as King of Vietnam
completes his conquest of Central Asia and parts of Persia
, establishing the Timur
City (Chang'an) is fortified against invasion.
The steel crossbow
is first used as a weapon of war.
Monday, December 12, 1334 (Julianian calendar)
The first recorded outbreak of the Black Death
occurs in the Chinese province of Hubei
Sunday, December 14, 1046 (Julianian calendar)
Saturday, December 20, 217
Ciriacus succeeds Philadelphus as Patriarch of Constantinople.