Wednesday, September 12, 2012
The Federal Constitutional Court in Karlsruhe rules that Germany's participation in the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) is, conditionally, within the German Constitution's limits, allowing President Gauck to approve the Bundestag's previous agreement with the mechanism. //www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-19567867
Monday, September 12, 2011
Friday, September 12, 2008
Monday, September 12, 2005
Panic buying of petrol and diesel is in full swing across Britain, with long queues outside service stations in a worrying echo of the 2000 Fuel Protest. //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/4236676.stm
Friday, September 12, 2003
Libya: The United Nations today ends 15-year old sanctions against Libya. The sanctions were imposed following the Lockerbie disaster. The sanctions are lifted following payment by Libya (following an admission of responsibility) of to the families of those who died in the bombing.
Israeli-Palestinian conflict: Arab and Non-Aligned nations call on the United Nations Security Council to stop Israel carrying out its threat to expel the head of the Palestinian Authority, Yasser Arafat, from the West Bank. Elsewhere the European Union and Russia describe the Israeli proposal as a 'terrible mistake'. UN General Secretary Kofi Annan calls the Israel's proposed action dangerous and unwise. The Irish Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, who takes over as President of the European Council in January, tells journalists after a summit meeting with French President Jacques Chirac in Paris that he is shocked by the Israeli plan and said his government is totally opposed to the Israeli plan. The United States Ambassador to Israel meets the Israeli Defence Minister to outline American hostility to the plan. //www.rte.ie/news/2003/0912/mideast.html//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3105180.stm//www.rte.ie/news/2003/0912/annank.html
Wednesday, September 12, 2001
Sunday, September 12, 1999
Under international pressure to allow an international peacekeeping force, Indonesian president BJ Habibie announced on 12 September that he would do so.
Monday, September 12, 1988
Friday, September 12, 1980
After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity is established.
Wednesday, September 12, 1979
Monday, September 12, 1977
Thursday, September 12, 1974
Wednesday, September 12, 1962
Friday, September 12, 1958
Tuesday, September 12, 1950
Communist riots erupt in Berlin.
Sunday, September 12, 1948
The State of Hyderabad
is invaded by the Indian Army on the day after Pakistani leader Jinnah
's death, to assist damage control. Operation Polo
leads to the independence of Hyderabad state and its amalgamation into the Indian union.
Wednesday, September 12, 1945
The Japanese Army formally surrenders to the British in Singapore.
Tuesday, September 12, 1944
WWII: Northern and Southern France invasion forces link up near Dijon.
Sunday, September 12, 1943
WWII: German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in Operation Oak.
Saturday, September 12, 1942
The RMS "Laconia"
, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs, is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks.
Friday, September 12, 1941
WWII: The first snowfall is reported on the Russian front.
Monday, September 12, 1938
Hitler makes his much-anticipated closing address at Nuremberg, in which he vehemently attacks the Czech people and President Beneš. American news commentator Hans von Kaltenborn begins his famous marathon of broadcast bulletins over the CBS Radio Network with a summation of Hitler's address.
Tuesday, September 12, 1933
Friday, September 12, 1930
Cricket player Wilfred Rhodes
ends his 1,110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
Sunday, September 12, 1897
The Battle of Saragarhi
: Twenty-one Sikhs of the 36th Sikh of the Sikh Regiment of British India, defend an army post against 10,000 Afghan and Orakzai tribesmen. The battle occurs in the North-West Frontier Province Afghanistan, now a part of Pakistan, which then formed part of British India.
Saturday, September 12, 1885
Monday, September 12, 1881
Tuesday, September 12, 1876
Sunday, September 12, 1869
13 ndash The PO's runs aground and sinks in the Red Sea 31 drowned.
Saturday, September 12, 1857
The sinks off the coast of North Carolina, killing 425 people.
Tuesday, September 12, 1848
One of the successes of the Revolutions of 1848, the Swiss Federal Constitution, patterned on the US Constitution, enters into force, creating a federal republic and one of the first modern democratic states in Europe.
Sunday, September 12, 1745
Francis I is elected Holy Roman Emperor with the support of his wife, Maria Theresia of Austria. He is the successor of Charles VII Albert of Bavaria, an enemy of Habsburg, who died on January 20 of this year.
Wednesday, September 12, 1703
October ndash A whirlwind blows down the tower of the Gan Takal in Gondar, capital of Ethiopia, killing 30.
Sunday, September 12, 1683
Battle of Vienna: The Ottoman siege of the city is broken with the arrival of a force of 70,000 Polish, Austrians and Germans under Polish-Lithuanian king Jan III Sobieski, whose cavalry turns their flank (considered to be the turning point in the Ottoman Empire's fortunes).
Thursday, September 12, 1675
English colonists abandon Deerfield, Squakeag, and Brookfield due to a coalition of Indian attacks.
Tuesday, September 12, 1673
Prince Willem III occupies Naarden.
Saturday, September 12, 1654
Oliver Cromwell orders the exclusion of the members of Parliament who are hostile to him.
Saturday, September 12, 1648
Wednesday, September 12, 1635
Friday, September 12, 1631
Saturday, September 12, 1609
Wednesday, September 2, 1528 (Julianian calendar)
Andrea Doria defeats his former allies, the French, and establishes the independence of Genoa.
Saturday, September 3, 1485 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, September 4, 1309 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, September 5, 1297 (Julianian calendar)
Saturday, September 5, 1271 (Julianian calendar)
According to the followers of Nichiren Buddhism
, the sect's founder, Nichiren
, reaches a turning point known as "hosshaku kempon", as he discards his identity as a mortal priest and begins to reveal himself as a reincarnation of the Buddha
Wednesday, September 5, 1229 (Julianian calendar)
Tuesday, September 5, 1217 (Julianian calendar)
First Barons' War in England ended by the Treaty of Kingston upon Thames
: French and Scots are to leave England, and an amnesty is granted to rebels.ref name=CBH/
Thursday, September 5, 1213 (Julianian calendar)
seizes Mizhou and orders all the inhabitants massacred.
Battle of Muret: The Toulousain and Aragonese forces of Raymond VI of Toulouse and Peter II of Aragon are defeated by the Albigensian Crusade under Simon de Montfort.
is overrun by the Mongols
under Genghis Khan
, who plunder the countryside and cities, until only Beijing
remains free, despite two bloody palace coups and a lengthy siege.
Tuesday, September 11, 372 (Julianian calendar)
The first diplomatic
ties are established between the Korean kingdom of Baekje
and the Chinese court of the Jin Dynasty.
The national academy of Chinese learning, called Taehak
, is established in the kingdom of Goguryeo
Gregory of Nyssa becomes bishop.
Buddhism is adopted as the official religion of Gorguryeo.