Unix Timestamp: 1090281600
Tuesday, July 20. 2004, 12:00:00 AM UTC

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Wednesday, July 20, 2011

Serbia arrests Goran Hadžić, a Croatian Serb wartime leader, indicted for alleged crimes against humanity during the Croatian War of Independence. //www.abc.net.au/news/2011-07-20/serbia-war-crimes-goran-hadzic/2803266 (Reuters via ABC Online)

Tuesday, July 20, 2010

An international conference on the future of Afghanistan opens in Kabul co-chaired by the President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai and the Secretary-General of the United Nations Ban Ki-moon. The conference endorses a goal for Afghan forces to lead security operations across the country by 2014. Afghan President Hamid Karzai suggests raising the size of the Afghan National Army to 170,000 troops and the Afghan National Police to 134,000 officers by 2011. //news.bbc.co.uk/world-south-asia-107527 (BBC) //news.smh.com.au/breaking-news-world/kabul-hosts-international-conference-20100720-10j52.html (AFP via "Sydney Morning Herald")

Sunday, July 20, 2008

500,000 people attend the closing mass of World Youth Day 2008 in Sydney, Australia, celebrated by Pope Benedict XVI, who announces Madrid as the host city for the next World Youth Day in 2011. //www.smh.com.au/news/world-youth-day/pope-declares-wyd-unforgettable-experience/2008/07/20/1216492232536.html ("Sydney Morning Herald")

Friday, July 20, 2007

The President of Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva orders an inquiry into the crash of TAM Linhas Aéreas Flight 3054. //edition.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/americas/07/21/brazil.crash.reut/index.html?eref=rss_world (CNN)

Sunday, July 20, 2003

16 people are injured after two bombs explode outside tax offices in Nice, France. //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3081025.stm
Richard Sambrook, the Director of BBC News reveals that Dr. David Kelly was the source of claims that Downing Street had sexed up the September Dossier. (see also: Dodgy Dossier)

Friday, July 20, 2001

July 22 – The 27th G8 summit takes place in Genoa, Italy. Massive demonstrations are held against the meeting by anti-globalisation groups. One demonstrator, Carlo Giuliani, is shot dead by a carabiniere. Several others are badly injured during a police attack on a school used by the protesters as their headquarters.
The 27th G8 summit takes place in Genoa, Italy until July 22nd. Massive demonstrations against the meeting by anti-globalisation groups. One demonstrator, Carlo Giuliani, is shot dead by a carabiniere and several others are badly injured during an attack by the police on a school which the protesters were using as their headquarters.
Vanessa Legget is found in contempt by a Federal Court for refusing to release notes made for her book on the Doris Angleton murder.

Wednesday, July 20, 1994

Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9's Fragment Q1 hits Jupiter.

Tuesday, July 20, 1993

White House deputy counsel Vince Foster commits suicide in Virginia.

Thursday, July 20, 1989

Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi is placed under house arrest.

Wednesday, July 20, 1988

The Democratic National Convention in Atlanta, Georgia nominates Michael Dukakis for U.S. President and Lloyd Bentsen for Vice President.

Saturday, July 20, 1985

State President of South Africa, P. W. Botha, declares a state of emergency in 36 magisterial districts of South Africa amid growing civil unrest in black townships.

Wednesday, July 20, 1983

The government of Poland announces the end of martial law and amnesty for political prisoners.

Tuesday, July 20, 1982

The Provisional IRA detonates 2 bombs in central London, killing 8 soldiers, wounding 47 people, and leading to the deaths of 7 horses.

Tuesday, July 20, 1976

Viking program: The Viking 1 lander successfully lands on Mars.

Saturday, July 20, 1974

Turkish invasion of Cyprus.

Sunday, July 20, 1969

Apollo program: The lunar module "Eagle" lands on the lunar surface. An estimated 500 million people worldwide watch in awe as Neil Armstrong takes his historic first steps on the Moon at 02:56 UTC, the largest television audience for a live broadcast at that time.
The "Apollo 11" astronauts return from the first successful Moon landing, and are placed in biological isolation for several days, on the chance they may have brought back lunar germs. The airless lunar environment is later determined to preclude microscopic life.
The Soviet Union returns Gerald Brooke to the United Kingdom in exchange for spies Peter and Helen Kroger (Morris and Lona Cohen).

Thursday, July 20, 1967

Chilean poet Pablo Neruda receives the first Viareggio-Versile prize.

Friday, July 20, 1962

France and Tunisia reestablish diplomatic relations.

Wednesday, July 20, 1960

Ceylon elects Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike as its Prime Minister, the world's first elected female head of government. She takes office the following day.

Sunday, July 20, 1958

Various rebel groups in Cuba join forces but the communists do not join them.

Friday, July 20, 1951

King Abdullah I of Jordan is assassinated by a Palestinian while attending Friday prayers in Jerusalem.

Wednesday, July 20, 1949

Israel and Syria sign a truce to end their 19-month war.

Tuesday, July 20, 1948

Cold War: President Harry S. Truman issues the second peacetime military draft in the United States, amid increasing tensions with the Soviet Union (the first peacetime draft occurred in 1940 under President Roosevelt).

Thursday, July 20, 1944

WWII: Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt by Claus von Stauffenberg.

Tuesday, July 20, 1937

Thursday, July 20, 1933

Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world, traveling in 7 days 18 hours 45 minutes.
Machine-Gun Kelly and Albert Bates kidnap Charles Urschel, an Oklahoma oilman, and demand $200,000 ransom.
Vatican state secretary Eugenio Pacelli (later Pope Pius XII) signs an accord with Hitler.

Sunday, July 20, 1924

The Soviet sports newspaper "Sovetskiy Sport" is founded.

Thursday, July 20, 1922

Undated ndash Hyperinflation in Germany means that 563 marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar - almost double the 263 needed eight months ago and dwarfing the mere 12 needed in April 1929 and even the 47 needed in December of that year.
The German protectorate of Togoland is divided into the League of Nations mandates of French Togoland and British Togoland.

Tuesday, July 20, 1920

The United Kingdom cedes its brief control of the key Black Sea port of Batum to the Democratic Republic of Georgia.

Friday, July 20, 1917

July 28 ndash WWI: Austrian and German forces repulse the Russian advance into Galicia.

Monday, July 20, 1885

Professional football (soccer) is legalized in Britain.

Wednesday, July 20, 1881

American Indian Wars: Sioux chief Sitting Bull leads the last of his fugitive people in surrender to United States troops at Fort Buford in Montana.

Friday, July 20, 1866

Naval Battle of Lissa: The Austrian fleet under Wilhelm von Tegetthoff defeats the Italian fleet of Carlo di Persano.

Wednesday, July 20, 1864

American Civil War ndash Battle of Peachtree Creek: Near Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate forces led by General John Bell Hood unsuccessfully attack Union troops under General William T. Sherman.

Friday, July 20, 1860

Battle of Milazzo: The forces of Giuseppe Garibaldi defeat royal Neapolitan forces near Messina, bringing nearly all of Sicily under Garibaldi's control.

Sunday, July 20, 1845

Charles Sturt enters the Simpson Desert in central Australia.

Tuesday, July 20, 1841

The Mercantile Agency (ancestor of Dun Bradstreet is founded in New York City by Lewis Tappan.

Wednesday, July 20, 1836

Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension Island.

Tuesday, July 20, 1830

Greece grants citizenship to Jews.

Thursday, July 20, 1820

Saint Cronan\\\\'s Boys National School opens in Bray, Co. Wicklow, Ireland under the title "Bray Male School". It is the oldest school in Bray and its notable pupils will include President of IrelandCearbhall Ó Dálaigh.

Friday, July 20, 1810

Monday, July 20, 1807

Nicéphore Niépce was awarded a patent by Napoleon Bonaparte for the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine, after it successfully powered a boat upstream on the river Saône in France.

Saturday, July 20, 1793

Scottish explorer Alexander Mackenzie's 1792ndash1793 Peace River expedition to the Pacific Ocean reaches its goal at Bella Coola, British Columbia, making him the first known person to complete a transcontinental crossing of northern North America.

Tuesday, July 20, 1779

Tekle Giyorgis I begins the first of his five reigns as Emperor of Ethiopia.

Tuesday, July 20, 1655

The Jews in New Amsterdam petition for a separate Jewish cemetery.
The Netherlands and Brandenburg sign a military treaty.
The Amsterdam Town Hall (now the Royal Palace) is inaugurated.

Thursday, July 20, 1651

Battle of Inverkeithing in Scotland: The English ParliamentarianNew Model Army under Major-General John Lambert defeats a Scottish Covenanter army acting on behalf of Charles II, led by Sir John Brown of Fordell.

Tuesday, July 20, 1627

August 19 ndash Eighty Years' War: Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, lays siege to Grol, the last Spanish stronghold in the eastern Netherlands, and captures it after a 1-month siege.
August 19 ndash Eighty Years\\\' War: Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, lays siege to Grol, the last Spanish stronghold in the eastern Netherlands, and captures it after a 1-month siege.

Friday, July 20, 1618

Pluto reaches, according to sophisticated mathematical calculations, its second most recent aphelion. The next one occurs in 1866, and the following one will occur 2113.

Wednesday, July 20, 1616

Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, dies in Rome, thus concluding the Flight of the Earls from Ireland.

Tuesday, July 10, 1520 (Julianian calendar)

The Spaniards defeat the Aztecs at Otumba near Lake Texcaco.

Friday, July 11, 1483 (Julianian calendar)

John of Denmark is crowned King of Norway.

Tuesday, July 11, 1402 (Julianian calendar)

Battle of Ankara: An invading Timurid Dynasty force defeats the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, who is captured. A period of interregnum begins in the Ottoman Empire with the future Mehmed I as one of the leading claimants to the throne.
September ndash Penal Laws against Wales The English Parliament pass the Penal Laws against Wales. The Laws stopped the Welsh from gathering together, obtaining office, carrying arms and living in English towns. Any Englishman who married a Welsh woman also came under the Penal Laws of 1402.

Thursday, July 12, 1397 (Julianian calendar)

Queen Margaret forms the Kalmar Union, uniting the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway (with Iceland and Greenland) and Sweden (including Finland).

Sunday, July 12, 1304 (Julianian calendar)

Sunday, July 22, 70 (Julianian calendar)

Titus storms the Fortress of Antonia north of the Temple Mount. The Romans are drawn into street fighting with the Zealots.
Source: Wikipedia