Tuesday, December 30, 2008
Saturday, December 30, 2006
Thursday, December 30, 2004
, high-profile FARC
leader, is extradited to the United States
, following the second extradition of a high drug dealer in a month and in 2004.
Monday, December 30, 2002
Population Division of the United Nations
calculate that 40 million people around the world are infected with HIV
The United Nations Security Council voted 13–0, with two abstentions, to revise the list of goods Iraq is allowed to purchase under the food-for-oil program. The list includes flight simulators, communications equipment, high-speed motorboats, and rocket cases, which the United States noted are dual-use technologies. The Security Council also agreed to ask the UN for standards to evaluate the quantities of medicine and antibiotics Iraq is allowed to import under this program.
Saturday, December 30, 2000
Rizal Day Bombings: A series of bombs explode in various places in Metro Manila, Philippines, within a span of a few hours killing 22 and injuring about a hundred.
Tuesday, December 30, 1997
The Toyota Prius
, the first hybrid vehicle to go into full production, is unveiled in Japan on October 24, and goes on sale in Japan on December 9. It comes to U.S. showrooms on July 11, 2000.
Wednesday, December 30, 1987
" (1999) ndash Story continues into 1987.
introduces the 2AAA Mini Maglite
battery, targeted for medical and industrial applications.
train makes its debut in Italy.
"Precious: Based on the Novel 'Push' by Sapphire" (2009): The film takes place in Harlem, New York in 1987.
"Rock of Ages
" (2012): The year in which this film takes place.
"Syphon Filter 3": Three levels take place in and around Kabul, Afghanistan during this year amidst the Soviet occupation, with Gabe Logan and Lian Xing pitted against Afghan rebels and Soviet troops.
" episode The Rules of Luton we learn that a world war, likely World War III, began sometime in 1987. It was described as 'The war to end all wars'.
Monday, December 30, 1974
Japanese soldier Teruo Nakamura
surrenders on the Indonesia
n island of Morota, 34 years after beginning service in World War II
Sunday, December 30, 1973
fails in his attempt to assassinate British businessman Joseph Sieff.
Tuesday, December 30, 1969
Wednesday, December 30, 1964
Jerome Horowitz synthesizes zidovudine, an antiviral drug which would later be used in treating HIV.
Saturday, December 30, 1961
Congolese troops capture Albert Kalonji of South Kasai (who soon escapes).
Wednesday, December 30, 1953
The Japanese 10 yen coin is issued with serrated edges for a 5-year period, beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have had smooth edges.
Heavy massive rain, landslides, and flooding in western and southwestern Japan kill an estimated 2,566, and injure 9,433, mainly at Kizugawa, Wakayama, Kumamoto and Kitakyushu (June–August).
Friday, December 30, 1949
The Vatican announces that bones uncovered in its subterranean catacombs could be the apostle Peter 19 years later, Pope Paul VI announces confirmation that the bones belong to this first pope.Year by Year 1949 – History Channel International.
's "La Méditerranée et le Monde Méditerranéen à l'Epoque de Philippe II" is published.
1949 was the first year in which no African-American was reported lynched in the USA."From Harding to Hiroshima" by Barrington Boardman (1988), p. 14. ISBN 0-934878-94-3
publishes his new translation of "Don Quixote
", the first in what we would consider modern English. It is instantly acclaimed and, in 2008, is still in print.
Thursday, December 30, 1948
The musical "Kiss Me, Kate
" opens for the first of 1,077 performances
Tuesday, December 30, 1947
By the discovery of promethium in the products of nuclear fission, the last remaining gap of the periodic table is closed.
In a cave in and around the Wadi Qumran
(near the ruins of the ancient settlement of Khirbet Qumran
, on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea
), several tall pottery jars containing leather scrolls are discovered, which later become known as the "'Dead Sea
scrolls"'.Year by Year 1947 ndash History Channel International
Saturday, December 30, 1944
WWII: Battle of Leyte
: Tens of thousands of Imperial Japanese Army soldiers are killed in action, in a significant Filipino and Allied military victory.
Edward Stettinius Jr. becomes the last United States Secretary of State of the Roosevelt administration, filling the seat left by Cordell Hull.
In Sweden, Erik Wallenberg and Ruben Rausing invent a way to package milk in paper and start the company Tetra Pak
Thursday, December 30, 1943
Jacques-Yves Cousteau co-invents, with Emile Gagnan, the first commercially successful open circuit type of scuba diving equipment, the Aqua-lung.Year by Year 1943 – History Channel International
Publication of Martin Noth
's groundbreaking "Uberlieferungsgeschischtliche Studien: Die sammelnden und bearbeitenden Geschichtswerke im Alten Testament" Schriften der Konigsberger Gelehrten Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse 18,2 (trans: Writings of the Konigsberger Scholarly Society:Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2): (HalleHalle
an der Saale: M. Niemeyer, 1943)
The Colossus computer
is invented by the British to break German encryption (see History of computing hardware).
Monday, December 30, 1940
California's first modern freeway, the future State Route 110, opens to traffic in Pasadena, California, as the Arroyo Seco Parkway (now the Pasadena Freeway).
historian Arthur Marder
publishes "The Anatomy of British Sea Power: a history of British naval policy in the pre-Dreadnought era, 1880-1905".
In Sweden, Victor Hasselblad forms the Victor Hasselblad AB Camera Company.
Friday, December 30, 1938
" magazine's Man of the Year, as the most influential person of the year.
Family plots produce 22% of all Soviet
agricultural produce on only 4% of all cultivated land.
Women are limited by law to a maximum of 10% of the better-paying jobs in industry and government in Italy.
Friday, December 30, 1927
The "British Broadcasting Corporation" is granted a Royal Charter of Incorporation.
The Voluntary Committee of Lawyers is founded to bring about the repeal of prohibition of alcohol in United States.
In Britain, 1,000 people a week die from an influenza epidemic.
Tuesday, December 30, 1924
International Union of Official Organizations for Tourist Propaganda.
Astronomer Edwin Hubble announces that Andromeda, previously believed to be a nebula, is actually another galaxy, and that the Milky Way is only one of many such galaxies in the universe.
U.S. bootleggers begin to use Thompson submachine guns.
André Breton defines surrealism as pure psychic automatism in the first Surrealist Manifesto.
Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first one-hand bareback rigging at Stirling, Alberta Canada.
Saturday, December 30, 1922
Sometime in October the Russian Civil War
ends with the colonies remaining part of Russia.
Following the annexation of former German colonies after the First World War, the British Empire
reaches its height and largest extent, covering a quarter of the world and ruling over one in four humans.
"Kurd Istigdul Djemijetin", the Kurdish Independence Committee, is founded.
The Barbary Lion
becomes extinct in the wild, with the last killed in Morocco
, in the area of the Zelan and Beni Mguild Forests.
Wracked by rapid inflation and political assassinations and motivated by hostility and arrogance as well, the Weimar Republic
announces its inability to pay more and proposes a moratorium on reparations for 3 years.
Japan signs a naval arms limitation treaty with the Western powers and returns some of its control over the Shandong Peninsula to China.
The Molly Pitcher Club is formed to promote the repeal of prohibition in the United States.
The year ends with hyperinflation showing no sign of slowing down in Germany, with 7,000 marks now needed to buy a single American dollar.
Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta Canada.
Saturday, December 30, 1916
Humberto Gómez and his mercenaries seize Arauca
and declare the "Republic of Arauca
". He proceeds to pillage the region before fleeing to Venezuela
Tuesday, December 30, 1913
Italy returns the "Mona Lisa" to France.
The British steamship "Calvadas" disappears in the Marmara Sea
with 200 hands on board.
Female suffrage is enacted in Norway
Monday, December 30, 1912
The First Balkan War ends temporarily: Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, and Serbia (the Balkan League countries) sign an armistice with Turkey, ending the two-month-long war.
Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.
Friday, December 30, 1904
Wednesday, December 30, 1903
The first box of Crayolacrayon
s was made and sold for 5 cents. It contained 8 colors brown, red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet and black.
Tuesday, December 30, 1902
Discovery Expedition: Scott, Shackleton and Wilson reach the furthest southern point reached thus far by man, south of 82°S.
Completion of Paul Doumer Bridge linking both sections of Hanoi.
Nathan B. Stubblefield demonstrates his mobile phone device in Kentucky.
Thursday, December 30, 1897
The word computer, meaning an electronic calculation device, is first used.
France allows women to study at the "Ecole des Beaux-Arts".
Hiram Percy Maxim develops the muffler in conjunction with the suppressor.
" is first brewed in anticipation of new century.
Wednesday, December 30, 1896
France establishes an administrative post in Abengourou, Côte d'Ivoire.
Jose Rizal, Filipino scholar and poet, is executed by Spanish authorities in the Philippines.
Pleasure Beach Blackpool
, a popular English theme park ("Britain's Biggest Tourist Attraction"), is founded by Alderman William George Bean.
Nepalese archaeologists rediscover the great stone pillar of Ashoka at Lumbini, using Fa Xian's records.
Thursday, December 30, 1880
Tuesday, December 30, 1879
Friday, December 30, 1870
, prime minister of Spain, is assassinated.
Tuesday, December 30, 1862
The USS "Monitor" sinks in storm in the Atlantic off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
Friday, December 30, 1853
ndash More than 130,000 Chinese laborers come to Cuba
Georges-Eugène Haussmann is selected as "prefect" to begin the re-planning of Paris.
The Swiss watch company "Tissot
" is founded.
The Chartered Bank of India, Australia and China is incorporated in London by Scotsman James Wilson, under a Royal Charter from Queen Victoria.
The Independent Santa Cruz Maya of Eastern Yucatan are recognized as an independent nation by the British Empire.
Iesada succeeds Ieyoshi as Japanese Shogun. The Late Tokugawa shogunate (the last part of the Edo period in Japan) begins.
The clothing company Levi Strauss Co. is founded.
Tuesday, December 30, 1845
Queen's Colleges of Belfast, Cork, and Galway are incorporated in Ireland.
In the "United States Magazine and Democratic Review" editor John L. O'Sullivan declares that foreign powers are trying to prevent American annexation of Texas in order to impede the fullfillment of our manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.
The Republic of Yucatán separates for a second time from Mexico
reveals that the Emperor of China
has given him a special dispensation: that he has entrusted him with certain sacred and mysterious rituals through Caleb Cushing
, the U.S. Commissioner to China, to extend the work and influence of the Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clus Vitus
in the New World.
Frederick Douglass publishes his autobiography "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave".
Friday, December 30, 1836
George Catlin ends his 6-year tour of 50 tribes in the Dakota Territory.
The New Board brokerage group is founded in New York City.
Chatsworth Head found near Tamassos on Cyprus.
The first printed literature in Assyrian Neo-Aramaic is produced by Justin Perkins, an American Presbyterian missionary.
In Saint Petersburg, the Lehman Theater catches fire, killing 800 people.
Wednesday, December 30, 1812
Saturday, December 30, 1809
British recruits to the British East India Company and subsequently to the Indian Civil Service are required to learn at least one Indian language fluently.
William Combe begins publication of the verse "Tour of Dr Syntax in search of the Picturesque" in Ackermann's "Political Magazine" (London), illustrated with cartoons by Thomas Rowlandson, depicting comic and ridiculous scenes involving a hapless country physician and coming to represent British Regency humour.
The (Old Ironsides) is recommissioned as the flagship of the North Atlantic Squadron.
Saturday, December 30, 1702
Wednesday, December 30, 1671
Sunday, December 21, 1460 (Julianian calendar)
Portuguese navigator Pedro de Sintra reaches the coast of modern Sierra Leone.
Battle of Wakefield: A Lancastrian army under Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland defeats a Yorkist army under the Duke of York and his son, Edmund, Earl of Rutland. Both York and Rutland are killed, the latter murdered after the battle. York's son Edward becomes leader of the Yorkist faction.
Thursday, December 23, 1148 (Julianian calendar)
Sunday, December 24, 1066 (Julianian calendar)
Upon the death of Stenkil, King of Sweden, his son Eric Stenkilsson and his rival Eric the Pagan battle for power in Sweden, both claiming the throne, until the next year.
is destroyed by a Slavic
army and permanently abandoned.
Sima Guang completes the compilation of a large dictionary, an important work of Chinese lexicography.
, jealous of the recent successes of their former allies, launch a naval assault on the Republic of Pisa
Wednesday, December 30, 274
ese shipwrights build a 100-foot oar-powered vessel for Emperor Ōjin
. The Japan
ese will not use sails for another 7 centuries.