Wednesday, August 27, 2008
Wednesday, August 27, 2003
Crime: A painting by Leonardo da Vinci, the "Madonna with the Yarnwinder" is stolen from Drumlanrig Castle in Scotland, the home of the Duke of Buccleuch.
An electricity blackout
cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in southeast England and brings 60% of London's underground rail network to a halt.
makes its closest approach to Earth in over 50,000 years.
Bank robber Brian Douglas Wells
is killed when a time bomb around his neck explodes, allegedly in an act of betrayal by his co-conspirators.
Crime: A body of a woman is found in a shallow grave on a beach near Dundalk in the Republic of Ireland. It is suspected to be the body of Jean McConville, a young Belfast woman and mother of ten children kidnapped and murdered by the Provisional IRA in the mid 1970s. The IRA had suggested two years ago that McConville was buried in the vicinity. Previous attempts to find her remains had failed. //www.rte.ie/news/2003/0827/remains.html
Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.
Dissolution of the Soviet Union: Moldova
declares independence from the Soviet Union.
Lord Mountbatten of Burma and 3 others are assassinated by the Provisional Irish Republican Army. He was a British admiral, statesman and an uncle of The Duke of Edinburgh. On the same day, the Warrenpoint ambush occurs: Provisional Irish Republican Army members attack a British convoy at Narrow Water, County Down, killing 18 British soldiers.
Thursday, August 27, 1964
NASA launches the "Mariner 2" space probe.
Wednesday, August 27, 1958
Operation Argus: The United States begins nuclear tests over the South Atlantic.
Saturday, August 27, 1955
Wednesday, August 27, 1952
Reparation negotiations between West Germany and Israel end in Luxembourg: Germany will pay 3 billion Deutsche Marks.
Wednesday, August 27, 1947
When the French government lowers the daily bread ration to 200 grams, causing riots in Verdun and in Le Mans.
Wednesday, August 27, 1941
A Heinkel 178
, the first turbojet-powered aircraft, flies for the first time with Captain Erich Warsitz in command.
Saturday, August 27, 1938
eneral Beck leaves office as Chief of the General Staff he is replaced by General Franz Halder
Wednesday, August 27, 1930
The Kellogg-Briand Pact is signed in Paris (the first treaty to outlaw aggressive war).
September ndash British armies and their Arab allies roll into Syria
20,000 London policemen strike for increased pay and union recognition.
Russian Revolution: Vladmir Lenin is shot by Fanya Kaplan, but he survives. Moisei Uritsky, the Petrograd head of the Cheka, is assassinated the same day.
Thursday, August 27, 1896
The shortest war in recorded history, the Anglo-Zanzibar War
, starts at 9 in the morning and lasts for 45 minutes of shelling.
New Zealand becomes the first country in the world to grant women the right to vote.
The Russian ironclad "Rusalka" disappears in a storm en route from Tallinn to Helsinki her hulk is eventually discovered in July 2003, off Helsinki.
The World Parliament of Religions in Chicago opens its first meeting.
The Genoa Cricket Athletic Club, the oldest Italian football club, is formed.
Thursday, August 27, 1891
France and Russia conclude a defensive alliance.
Saturday, August 27, 1881
The University of Oxford win the first international boat race held on the River Thames against Harvard University.ref name=Pocket On This Day
Saturday, August 27, 1859
Wednesday, August 27, 1828
South America: Brazil and Argentina recognize the independence of Uruguay. Simón Bolívar declares himself dictator of Gran Colombia.
Wednesday, August 27, 1788
Launching a steam powered craft on the Delaware River, John Fitch
demonstrates the first U.S. patent for his design.
Wednesday, August 27, 1783
"Le Globe" - Jacques Charles and Les Frères Robert launched the world's first hydrogen-filled balloon in Paris.
Saturday, August 27, 1689
China and Russia sign the Treaty of Nerchinsk.
Thursday, August 27, 1626
Thursday, August 27, 1587
Governor John White leaves the Roanoke Colony to get more supplies from England.
Monday, August 17, 1573 (Julianian calendar)
Oda Nobunaga drives the 15th Ashikaga shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki out of Kyoto, effectively destroying the Ashikaga shogunate and historically ending the Muromachi and Sengoku periods. The Azuchi-Momoyama period of Japan begins.
Thursday, August 17, 1542 (Julianian calendar)
Advice and citizenry of Hildesheim (Germany) profess themselves to the Lutheran teachings. As a pledge owner, the city Hildesheim provides for the execution of the Reformation in the city and office of Peine. The priests from the localities of Clauen, Hohenhameln, Sossmar, Schmedenstedt, Lengede and Rosenthal resume their offices in the sense of the Reformation.
Tuesday, August 17, 1501 (Julianian calendar)
Battle of the Siritsa River: Livonian Order, commanded by Wolter von Plettenberg, defeated an army of the Grand Duchy of Moscow and Pskov Republic.
Wednesday, August 19, 1388 (Julianian calendar)
Charles VI of France takes full control of government, ending the regency of his uncle, Philip the Bold.
Goryeo Revolution: King U of Goryeo is forced from power and replaced by his son Chang.
A Chinese invasion force under General Lan Yu
defeats a large Mongolian army under Khan Toghus Temur
and captures 100 members of the Yuan
royal family. Toghus Temur
is killed whilst trying to escape and is succeeded as Khan of Mongolia by his rival, Jorightu.
Goryeo Revolution: General Yi Seonggye begins a four year revolution in Goryeo (now Korea) after being ordered by King U of Goryeo to attack the superior Chinese army.
Omar I is succeeded by Sa'id as King of the Kanem-Bornu Empire (now east Chad and Nigeria). Sa'id is succeeded in the same year by Kade Alunu. Omar and Sa'id are both killed by Bilala invaders from the west.
An invading Chinese army destroys Karakorum, the capital city of the Mongolian Empire.
Ghiyas-ud-Din Tughluq II succeeds Firuz Shah Tughluq as Sultan of Delhi.
Tran Ngung overthrows Tran Hien as King of Vietnam.
is reinstated as King of Ayutthaya
(now southern Thailand
) after dethroning and executing 17 year-old King Thong Chan.
The Wyclif Bible is completed by John Purvey
, and Wyclif's followers, known as the Lollards
, begin to be persecuted.
Monday, August 22, 914 (Julianian calendar)
Hubasa takes Alexandria
after his victory on the Egyptian troops near al-Hanniyya
, the Abbassid
governor refuses to surrender and asks for reenforcements which reach him in September.