Wednesday, August 12, 2009
Saturday, August 12, 2000
The Russian submarine ''Kursk''
sinks in the Barents Sea
, resulting in the deaths of all 118 men on board.
Russian submarine "Kursk" sinks in the Barents Sea. All 118 men aboard die.
Wednesday, August 12, 1992
Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce that a deal has been reached on the North American Free Trade Agreement the deal will be formally signed on December 17, 1992.
Thursday, August 12, 1982
announces it is unable to pay its large foreign debt, triggering a debt crisis
that quickly spread throughout Latin America.
The NASASpace Shuttle
, named "Enterprise
", makes its first test free-flight from the back of a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA).
The Big Ear
, a radio telescope operated by Ohio State University
as part of the SETI
project, receives a radio signal from deep space the event is named the WOW! signal for a notation made by a volunteer on the project.
Saturday, August 12, 1972
The last U.S. ground troops are withdrawn from Vietnam.
Violence erupts after the Apprentice Boys of Derry march in Derry, Northern Ireland, resulting in a three-day communal riot known as the Battle of the Bogside.
Syrian and Israeli troops clash over Lake Kinneret (also known as the Sea of Galilee) for 3 hours.
Massacre of Braybrook Street
: Harry Roberts, John Duddy and Jack Witney shoot dead 3 plainclothes policemen in London they are later sentenced to life imprisonment.
Wednesday, August 12, 1953
Saturday, August 12, 1950
Korean War: Bloody Gulch massacre.
In his encyclical "Humani Generis", Pope Pius XII declares evolution to be a serious hypothesis that did not contradict essential Catholic teachings.
The Salvatore Giuliano Gang explodes mines under a police barracks outside Palermo, Sicily.
Saturday, August 12, 1944
Saturday, August 12, 1933
makes his first public speech warning of the dangers of German rearmament.ref name=CBH
Wednesday, August 12, 1914
The Panama Canal is inaugurated with the passage of the steamship USS "Ancon".
Saturday, August 12, 1905
Thursday, August 12, 1847
Wednesday, August 12, 1829
Mrs. Helen Dance, wife of the captain of the ship "Sulphur", cuts down a tree to mark the day of the founding of the town of Perth
, Western Australia
In England, the last hanging under the Black Act
is carried out, of William Potter for cutting down an orchard
(although the judge
petitioned for reprieve).
Wednesday, August 12, 1812
Wednesday, August 12, 1772
Death of Innocent XI (Benedetto Odescalchi 1611–1689), Pope since 1676. A man of integrity who has been described as the greatest Pope of the 17th century, he played a major part in founding both the League of Augsburg, against Louis XIV and the Holy League, against the Ottoman Empire.
Battle of Mohács (1687): imperial army under Charles V, Duke of Lorraine defeats the Ottoman Turks and enables Austria to conquer most of Ottoman-occupied Hungary.
September ndash The Venetian navy raids the Dalmatian coast and attacks Turkish strongholds in Greece. On 28 September, the Parthenon in Athens is badly damaged when Venetian mortar fire explodes a Turkish powder magazine housed in the building.
Wednesday, August 12, 1682
September ndash Halley's comet makes an appearance, and is observed by Edmond Halley himself.
begins a period of volcanic activity lasting for 10 days.
Wednesday, August 12, 1676
), the chief of the Wanoags
that had waged war throughout southern New England
in a war that bore his name, is killed by an Indian named Alderman, a soldier led by Captain Benjamin Church.
Wednesday, August 12, 1648
Mail service begins in Denmark.
Queen Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba starts to rule.
The Netherlands establishes a trading colony at Tainan
The Japanese Shogun expels the Spanish from the land and severs trade with the Philippines
The Spanish fleet sails past the Firth of Forth, and the English cease their pursuit. Much of the Spanish fleet is destroyed as it sails around Scotland and Ireland.
Thursday, August 2, 1554 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, August 3, 1480 (Julianian calendar)
Monday, August 3, 1450 (Julianian calendar)
Cherbourg, the last English territory in Normandy, surrenders to the French.
Tuesday, August 3, 1417 (Julianian calendar)
King Henry V of England
begins using English in correspondence (back to England from France whilst on caign), marking the beginning of this king's continuous usage of English in prose, and the beginning of the restoration of English as an official language for the first time since the Norman Conquest
, some 350 years earlier.
Monday, August 4, 1399 (Julianian calendar)
Monday, August 4, 1376 (Julianian calendar)
September ndash John of Gaunt summons religious reformer John Wyclif
to appear before the Royal Council.
With the help of the Genoese, Byzantine co-emperor Andronicus IV Palaeologus invades Constantinople and dethrones his father, John V Palaeologus, as co-emperor. John V Palaeologus is taken prisoner.
Thursday, August 4, 1323 (Julianian calendar)
The Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and the Novgorod Republic (Russia) is signed, regulating the border for the first time.
Tuesday, August 5, 1281 (Julianian calendar)
orders the burning of sacred Taoist
texts, resulting in the reduction in number of volumes of the "Daozang
Canon) from 4,565 to 1,120.
Friday, August 5, 1121 (Julianian calendar)
Completion of the third and largest church at Cluny Abbey
A large rebellion takes place in Cordoba against the ruling Almoravids.Gilbert Meynier (2010) "L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518)". Paris: La Découverte pp.87.
The Praemonstratensian Order
(Norbertines) was formed when a group of canons made solemn vows at Prémontré on Christmas Day.
Saturday, August 6, 1099 (Julianian calendar)