Unix Timestamp: 1026432000
Friday, July 12. 2002, 12:00:00 AM UTC

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Tuesday, July 12, 2011

United Nations special rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment Juan E. Méndez suggests the United States is violating UN rules by refusing unmonitored access to imprisoned United States Army private Bradley Manning, the young serviceman the Obama administration accuses of passing classified information on secret U.S. activities to the WikiLeaks whistleblower website. //www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-14126223 (BBC) (//www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/torture/rapporteur/ United Nations Human Rights Council)

Thursday, July 12, 2007

Wednesday, July 12, 2006

2006 Lebanon War: Israeli troops invade Lebanon in response to Hezbollah kidnapping two Israeli soldiers and killing 3. Hezbollah declares open war against Israel 2 days later.
An Israeli air strike destroys the Palestinian Foreign Ministry Building in Gaza City. //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5175002.stm (BBC), //www.forbes.com/technology/feeds/ap/2006/07/12/ap2875344.html (AP)
The death toll from the 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings rises to 200 deaths and 700 injuries. Timers in pencils have been found at some of the sites of explosion. //www.breitbart.com/news/2006/07/12/D8IQFV480.html (Associated Press), //www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/asiapcf/07/12/mumbai.blasts/index.html (CNN)
An Israeli brigade enters the central Gaza Strip via Kissufim crossing, aiming at temporarily bisecting it. Simultaneously, the Israel Air Force targets a meeting of Hamas operational wing commanders in an apartment building in Gaza city. One Hamas leader, seven members of his family and one neighbour are killed. Top Hamas leaders Mohammed Deif and Abu Anas al-Ghandour, who Israeli officials claim were heavily involved in the kidnapping of Cpl. Gilad Shalit, are moderately wounded. Fourteen additional Palestinian militants are killed in other incidents in the Gaza Strip. //www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/737324.html (Haaretz), //www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3274212,00.html (Ynet), //today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=worldNewsstoryID=2006-07-12T122502Z_01_L12236669_RTRUKOC_0_US-MIDEAST-GAZA.xml (Reuters)

Tuesday, July 12, 2005

Terrorists kill 5 people and wound 90 in a crowded mall in Netanya, Israel. Islamic Jihad claims responsibility for attack.

Saturday, July 12, 2003

Baseball: Barry Bonds ties the 63-year-old record of Jimmie Foxx by homering against the Arizona Diamondbacks' Curt Schilling, becoming the second player in Major League Baseball to hit at least 30 home runs in 12 consecutive seasons.

Sunday, July 12, 1998

France beats Brazil 3–0 in the football World Cup final.
In Saint Petersburg, Nicholas II of Russia and his family are buried in St. Catherine Chapel, 80 years after he and his family were killed by Bolsheviks.
At a conference in Rome, 120 countries vote to create a permanent International Criminal Court to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and the crime of aggression.
A tsunami triggered by an undersea earthquake destroys 10 villages in Papua New Guinea, killing an estimated 1,500, leaving 2,000 more unaccounted for and thousands more homeless.
Biologists report in the journal "Science" how they sequenced the genome of the bacterium that causes syphilis, "Treponema pallidum".

Friday, July 12, 1996

Hurricane Bertha: made landfall in North Carolina as a Category 2 storm, causing $270 million in damage to the United States and its possessions and many indirect deaths.

Monday, July 12, 1993

A magnitude 7.8 earthquake off Hokkaidō, Japan launches a devastating tsunami that kills 202 on the small island of Okushiri, Hokkaido.

Wednesday, July 12, 1989

In the Republic of Ireland, the TaoiseachCharles Haughey returns to power after Fianna Fáil forms a coalition with the Progressive Democrats.

Monday, July 12, 1982

Checker Motors Corporation ceases production of automobiles.

Monday, July 12, 1976

Barbara Jordan is the first black person to keynote a political convention.

Saturday, July 12, 1975

São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.

Thursday, July 12, 1973

1973 National Archives Fire: A major fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri.

Sunday, July 12, 1970

Thor Heyerdahl's papyrus boat "Ra II" arrives in Barbados.

Friday, July 12, 1963

Pauline Reade, 16, is abducted by Myra Hindley and Ian Brady in Manchester, England. Her remains would be found in July 1987.

Thursday, July 12, 1962

The Rolling Stones make their debut at London's Marquee Club, Number 165 Oxford Street, opening for Long John Baldry.

Wednesday, July 12, 1961

A Czechoslovakian Ilyushin Il-18 crashes while attempting to land at Casablanca, Morocco, killing all 72 persons on board.

Saturday, July 12, 1958

Henri Cornelis becomes Governor-General of the Belgian Congo. He was the last Belgian governor of the Congo prior to independence.

Wednesday, July 12, 1944

Laurence Olivier's film "Henry V", based on Shakespeare's play, opens in London. It is the most acclaimed and the most successful movie version of a Shakespeare play made up to that time, and the first in Technicolor. Olivier both stars and directs, as Kenneth Branagh was to do over forty years later in his successful remake.
Laurence Olivier's film "Henry V", based on Shakespeare\\'s play, opens in London. It is the most acclaimed and the most successful movie version of a Shakespeare play made up to that time, and the first in Technicolor. Olivier both stars and directs, as Kenneth Branagh was to do over forty years later in his successful remake.

Monday, July 12, 1943

WWII ndash Battle of Prokhorovka: The Wehrmacht and the Red Army fight to a draw.

Thursday, July 12, 1928

MexicanaviatorEmilio Carranza dies in a solo plane crash in the New Jersey Pine Barrens, while returning from a goodwill flight to New York City.

Monday, July 12, 1926

A lightning strike destroys an ammunition depot in Dover, New Jersey.

Monday, July 12, 1920

Bolshevist Russia recognizes independent Lithuania.

Friday, July 12, 1918

, The Japanese Imperial Navy battle ship "Kawachi" blows up at Shunan, western Honshu, Japan killing at least 621.

Thursday, July 12, 1917

The Phelps Dodge Corporation deports over 1,000 suspected IWW members from Bisbee, Arizona.

Sunday, July 12, 1914

U.S. Supreme Court justice Horace H. Lurton succumbs to a heart attack at age 70.
Demonstrations in Ulster suggest civil war.

Friday, July 12, 1912

United States release of Sarah Bernhardt's film "Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth" is influential on the development of the movie feature. Adolf Zukor, who incorporates Paramount Pictures on May 8, 1914, launches his company as the distributor. Paramount celebrates its centennial in 2012.

Thursday, July 12, 1906

Alfred Dreyfus is exonerated. He is reinstalled in the French Army on July 21, thus ending the Dreyfus affair.

Thursday, July 12, 1900

A Germancruise liner, the SS ''Deutschland'', breaks the record for the Blue Riband for the first time with an average speed of .
A German cruise liner, the SS "Deutschland", breaks the record for the Blue Riband for the first time with an average speed of .

Tuesday, July 12, 1892

A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint-Gervais-les-Bains.

Tuesday, July 12, 1887

Odense Boldklub, the Danish football team, is founded as the Odense Cricket Club.

Monday, July 12, 1858

"The Advertiser", the daily news paper still in circulation, begins publication in Adelaide, Australia.

Sunday, July 12, 1812

Americans invade Canada at Windsor, Ontario.

Friday, July 12, 1799

Ranjit Singh the Great conquers Lahore and becomes ruler of the Punjab.

Thursday, July 12, 1798

Battle of Shubra Khit between French and Mamelukes, during Napoleon's march from Alexandria to take Cairo.

Saturday, July 12, 1794

Horatio Nelson loses the sight in his right eye at Calvi in Corsica.

Monday, July 12, 1790

French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed. This completes the destruction of the monastic orders, legislating out of existence all regular and secular chapters for either sex, abbacies and priorships.

Sunday, July 12, 1789

An angry Parisian crowd demonstrates against the King’s decision to dismiss Minister Necker.

Friday, July 12, 1776

Captain James Cook sets off from Plymouth England on his third, and fatal, expedition to the Pacific Ocean.

Wednesday, July 12, 1730

Pope Clement XII succeeds Pope Benedict XIII as the 246th pope.

Friday, July 12, 1720

September ndash South Sea Bubble: The English stock market crashes with dropping prices for stock in the South Sea Company, an English company granted a monopoly to trade with South America.
The Lords Justice of the UK attempt to curb some of the excesses of the stock markets during the South Sea bubble. They dissolved a number of petitions for patents and charters, and abolished more than 80 joint-stock companies of dubious merit. According to Charles MacKay, this had little effect on the creation of Bubbles, ephemeral joint-stock companies created during the hysteria of the times.Charles Mackay, "Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds" (Harriman House Classics 2003) ! I do not know the page number, only have access to online version. I think MacKay's discussion of this action is around page 71, the second mention of the notorious a company for carrying out an undertaking of great advantage, but nobody to know what it is.

Thursday, July 12, 1646

Lightning strikes the gunpowder tower of the castle of Bredevoort, causing an explosion that destroys parts of the castle and the town, killing Lord Haersolte of Bredevoort and his family, as well as others. Only one son, Anthonie, who is not home that day, survives.//books.google.nl/books?id=BywXAAAAYAAJpg=PA52dq=bredevoorthl=nlei=B7qHTLflJYiHOL_DlaQOsa=Xoi=book_resultct=resultresnum=6ved=0CD4Q6AEwBQ#v=onepageq=bredevoortf=false Google Books "Geldersche volks-Almanack ... met dedewerking van vele beoefenaars der geldersche geschiedenis. "

Friday, July 12, 1641

Portugal and the Dutch Republic sign a Treaty of Offensive and Defensive Alliance. The treaty is not respected by both parties and as a consequence it has no effect in the Portuguese colonies (Brazil and Angola) that are under Dutch rule.

Saturday, July 2, 1580 (Julianian calendar)

The Ostrog Bible, the first complete printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.

Thursday, July 2, 1573 (Julianian calendar)

August ndash Alva begins to besiege Alkmaar in North Holland.
July ndash Edict of Boulogne signed by Charles IX of France, granting limited rights to Huguenots and ending the Fourth War of Religion in France.
Siege of Haarlem: Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva capture Haarlem after a seven month siege.

Thursday, July 2, 1562 (Julianian calendar)

Fray Diego de Landa, acting Bishop of Yucatan, burns the sacred books of the Maya.

Wednesday, July 2, 1561 (Julianian calendar)

Saint Basil\'s Cathedral in Moscow (started in 1534) is finished.

Tuesday, July 2, 1555 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Paul IV creates the first Jewish ghetto in Rome.

Monday, July 2, 1543 (Julianian calendar)

King Henry VIII of England marries Catherine Parr. It is the sixth of Henry's marriages and the third of Catherine's. Princess Elizabeth attends the wedding.

Sunday, July 2, 1542 (Julianian calendar)

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor declares war on King Francis I of France. This time King Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French.
August ndash Battle of the Hill of the Jews: During the rainy season, Christovão da Gama captures a strategic position and many badly needed horses.

Friday, July 3, 1450 (Julianian calendar)

Jack Cade was slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI.

Monday, July 3, 1402 (Julianian calendar)

The rebel army of Zhu Di occupies the Ming Dynasty China capital Fengtian. Emperor Jianwen is either lost or killed and Zhu Di is crowned as Emperor Hongwu. This marked the end of Jingnan caign.

Tuesday, July 4, 1346 (Julianian calendar)

July 18 ndash The English raid and burn neighboring towns and villages in the Cotentin peninsula.ref name = battle/

Friday, July 5, 1191 (Julianian calendar)

Saladin's garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city's walls and towers. Richard stays to push on to Jerusalem, but Philip returns to France to take possession of a part of Flanders whose count had died at the siege of Acre. Back in France, Philip also schemes with Richard's brother, John of England, to dispossess Richard of his French lands while he is still away, but the intervention of John's (and Richard's) mother, Eleanor of Aquitaine, foils the plan."King John" by Warren. Published by University of California Press in 1961. p. 43

Sunday, July 5, 1153 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Anastasius IV succeeds Pope Eugene III as the 168th pope.

Saturday, July 7, 927 (Julianian calendar)

After a long process of annexations, the various small kingdoms within what is now England are unified by King Aethelstan, creating the Kingdom of England.

Friday, July 8, 813 (Julianian calendar)

Fourth Fitna: The Siege of Baghdad ends with the fall of the city and the death of al-Amin, making al-Mamun the undisputed Abbasid caliph.
Louis the Pious is crowned co-emperor of the Franks with his father Charlemagne.
A revolt puts Leo V on the throne of the Byzantine Empire former emperor Michael I Rangabe becomes a monk, beginning the Second Iconoclastic Period.
Forces from today's Denmark attack today's Vestfold due to insubordination.
Ashot I becomes the first Georgian Bagratidprince of Iberia under the Byzantine protection.
The Baghdad School of Astronomy is opened by al-Mamun.
The Bulgars capture Adrianople.
Third Council of Tours: Priests are ordered to preach in the vernacular (either Vulgar Latin or German).
Source: Wikipedia