Unix Timestamp: 1006041600
Sunday, November 18. 2001, 12:00:00 AM UTC

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Tuesday, November 18, 2008

Pepsi announces 3,000 layoffs in the United States, Canada, Mexico, and Europe. //ibnlive.in.com/news/pepsi-bottling-group-inc-to-cut-over-3000-jobs/78435-7.html (CNN-IBN)

Sunday, November 18, 2007

Hashim Thaçi, a former rebel leader who has promised to declare Kosovo's independence if mediation efforts fail, declares victory for his party in the parliamentary election. //ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5goukO2cHh4e7wwpQhpROVZezaT7QD8SVP1JG0 (AP via Google News)
The Zasyadko mine disaster in eastern Ukraine claims the lives of 101 miners.
Hina Jilani leads a protest in London to ask for the release of all political prisoners and to vocalize the call for President Pervez Musharraf's resignation. //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7100762.stm (BBC)
An explosion in a coal mine in Zasyadko, Ukraine, kills at least 63 people and leaves many more trapped below ground. //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7100456.stm (BBC)

Tuesday, November 18, 2003

Same-sex marriage in the United States: The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court rules 4–3 in "Goodridge v. Department of Public Health" that the state's non-recognition of same-sex marriage is unconstitutional and gives the state legislature 180 days to change the law. //www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2003/11/18/sjc_gay_marriage_legal_in_mass/
The Mexican government announces the imminent resignation of its ambassador to the United Nations, Adolfo Aguilar Zinser, who, in a speech in Mexico City last week, said that the political and intellectual class of the United States sees Mexico as a country whose position is that of a back yard. //story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=storycid=589e=7u=/ap/20031118/ap_on_re_la_am_ca/mexico_official_resigns//timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?msid=279359
Enron announces proposed sale of Portland General Electric for , including assumption of debt. The sale is to a newly formed LLC backed by a private investment firm from Texas. This happens after Portland-area residents defeated a ballot measure to take over the utility on November 4. PGE had outspent supporters of the takeover 60-to-1. //www.enron.com/corp/pressroom/releases/2003/ene/111803Release.html

Monday, November 18, 2002

The first team of United Nations weapons inspectors arrive in Iraq, where they will prepare for inspections for evidence of the development or possession of weapons of mass destruction by Saddam Hussein's regime.
Iraq disarmament crisis: United Nations weapons inspectors led by Hans Blix arrive in Iraq.

Thursday, November 18, 1999

The Aggie Bonfire collapses in College Station, TX, killing 12.

Wednesday, November 18, 1992

Russian President Boris Yeltsin releases the flight data recorder (FDR) and cockpit voice recorder (CVR) of KAL 007, shot down by the Soviets in 1983.

Friday, November 18, 1988

Ted Turner officially buys Jim Crockett Promotions, known as NWA Crockett, and turns it into World Chionship Wrestling (WCW).
War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill providing the death penalty for murderous drug traffickers.
Canadian federal election, 1988: Brian Mulroney and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada win a second majority government.

Monday, November 18, 1985

The comic strip Calvin and Hobbes debuts in 35 newspapers.

Wednesday, November 18, 1981

COMDEX Fall, IBM introduces the IBM PC. Scientific Solutions announces the first PC add-in cards.

Saturday, November 18, 1978

Jonestown incident: In Guyana, Jim Jones leads his Peoples Temple cult in a mass murder-suicide that claims 918 lives in all, 909 of them at Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo J. Ryan is assassinated by members of Peoples Temple shortly beforehand.

Saturday, November 18, 1967

The UKpound is devalued from 1 GBP = 2.80 USD to 1 GBP = 2.40 USD.

Saturday, November 18, 1961

İsmet İnönü of CHP forms the new government of Turkey (26th government, first coalition in Turkey, partner AP)
U.S. President John F. Kennedy sends 18,000 military advisors to South Vietnam.
The funeral of longtime House Speaker Sam Rayburn is held in Washington, DC. Two former Presidents (Truman, Eisenhower) and one future one (Lyndon B. Johnson) join President Kennedy in paying their respects.

Wednesday, November 18, 1959

MGM's widescreen, multimillion dollar, Technicolor version of "Ben-Hur", starring Charlton Heston, is released and becomes the studio's greatest hit up to that time. It is critically acclaimed and eventually wins 11 Academy Awards – a record held until 1998, when 1997's "Titanic" becomes the first film to equal the record. To the present day, the 1959 "Ben-Hur" remains the last MGM film to win a Best Picture Oscar, though "Doctor Zhivago", another MGM film, was nominated in 1965.

Tuesday, November 18, 1958

The sinks in a storm on Lake Michigan, killing 33 of the 35 crewmen on board.

Tuesday, November 18, 1952

Jomo Kenyatta is arrested in Kenya for an alleged connection to the Mau Mau uprising.
The first official passenger flight over the North Pole is made from Los Angeles to Copenhagen.
A fireball crashes in a backyard in Havelock North, New Zealand.
Slánský trials: A series of Stalinist and largely anti-Semitic show trials are held in Czechoslovakia.

Saturday, November 18, 1950

The United Nations accepts the formation of the Libyan National Council.

Tuesday, November 18, 1947

The Ballantyne's Department Store fire in Christchurch, New Zealand, kills 41 people.
The Princess Elizabeth (later Elizabeth II), the daughter of George VI, marriesThe Duke of Edinburgh at Westminster Abbey in London, United Kingdom.
Paul Ramadier resigns as the Prime Minister of France. He is succeeded by Robert Schuman, who calls 80,000 army reservists to quell rioting miners in France.

Thursday, November 18, 1943

WWII: The Royal Air Force opens its bombing caign against Berlin, with 440 planes causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.

Tuesday, November 18, 1941

WWII: Operation Crusader in North Africa begins

Monday, November 18, 1940

WWII: German leader Adolf Hitler and Italian Foreign Minister Galeazzo Ciano meet to discuss Benito Mussolini's disastrous invasion of Greece.

Friday, November 18, 1938

Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

Monday, November 18, 1929

Sunday, November 18, 1928

Mickey Mouse appears in "Steamboat Willie", the third Mickey Mouse cartoon released, but the first sound film.

Monday, November 18, 1918

The Belgianroyal family returns to Brussels after the war.
The Spartacist League founds the German Communist Party.
Latvia declares its independence from Russia.

Saturday, November 18, 1916

WWI ndash Battle of the Somme: In France, British Expeditionary Force commander Douglas Haig calls off the battle, which started on July 1.

Thursday, November 18, 1915

Release of the U.S. silent film "Inspiration", the first mainstream movie in which a leading actress (Audrey Munson) appears nude.

Thursday, November 18, 1909

In Nicaragua 500 revolutionaries (including 2 Americans) are executed by order of dictator José Santos Zelaya. The United States responds by sending 2 warships.

Saturday, November 18, 1905

Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway.

Wednesday, November 18, 1903

The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the U.S. exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone.

Sunday, November 18, 1883

U.S. and Canadian railroads institute 5 standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times.

Tuesday, November 18, 1873

December ndash Major Walter Clopton Wingfield designs and patents a racquet sport which he calls "sphairistike" (Greek σφάίρίστική, skill at playing at ball), soon known simply as "Stické", for the amusement of his guests at a garden party on his estate of Nantclwyd, in Llanelidan, Wales.

Wednesday, November 18, 1863

King Christian IX of Denmark signs the November constitution, which declares Schleswig to be part of Denmark, regarded by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol of 1852, leading to the German–Danish war of 1864.

Friday, November 18, 1803

Battle of Vertières: The Haitian army led by Jean-Jacques Dessalines defeats the army of Napoleon.

Tuesday, November 18, 1755

An earthquake occurs in the vicinity of Cape Ann, Massachusetts, causing extensive damage.

Wednesday, November 18, 1750

The King of Dahomey has income of 250,000 pounds from the overseas export of slaves.
Hannah Snell reveals her sex to her Royal Marines compatriots.
Northern America: 2,000,000
Asia: 502,000,000
Europe: 163,000,000
World population: 791,000,000
Oceania: 2,000,000
Latin-America: 16,000,000
Ahmad Shah Bahadur's army, retreating from Persia, reportedly loses 18,000 men near what is present-day Herat, Afghanistan from cold in a single night.
Britain produces c. 2% of the entire world's output of industrial goods and the Industrial Revolution begins.
Westminster Bridge is officially opened in London.
Galley slavery is abolished in Europe.ref name=Clear
Africa: 106,000,000

Tuesday, November 18, 1738

Pierre Louis Maupertuis publishes "Sur la figure de la terre", which 'confirms Newton's view that the earth is a spheroid slightly flattened at the poles'.
Jacques de Vaucanson presents the world's first automaton, "The Flute Player", to the French Academy of Sciences.
Stanisław Leszczyński receives Lorraine in exchange for renouncing the Polish throne.
China's Qing government announces that all western businessmen have to use the Cohong in Guangzhou to trade.
The excavation of Herculaneum, a Roman city buried by Vesuvius in AD 79, begins.
The Treaty of Vienna is ratified.
Russo–Turkish War (1735–1739): The Russian army fails to cross the Dniester. They are decimated by plague.

Tuesday, November 18, 1727

An earthquake in Tazriz, Persia kills 77,000.

Thursday, November 18, 1700

Wednesday, November 18, 1626

The new St Peter\'s Basilica in the Vatican is consecrated, the anniversary of that of the previous church in 326.

Sunday, November 9, 1477 (Julianian calendar)

William Caxton produces "Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres", the first English book printed on an Englishprinting press.
Thomas Norton (alchemist) writes "Ordinall of Alchemy".
First printed edition of "The Travels of Marco Polo".

Friday, November 10, 1307 (Julianian calendar)

The Mongol raid of India ends.
The use of The Scottish Maiden is first documented in Ireland.
Edward II becomes King of England.
according to legend) ndash William Tell shoots an apple off his son's head.

Saturday, November 10, 1302 (Julianian calendar)

Boniface VIII publishes the Papal bull "Unam Sanctam".
The French States-General meets for the first time.
Dante Alighieri is exiled from Florence by the Black Guelphs, as is Petrarch's father (see Guelphs and Ghibellines).
Castile occupies the harbor of Algiers.
Pope Boniface VIII suppresses the Franciscans.
Robert I of Scotland reconciles with Edward I of England.
Jicin, Bohemia is chartered as a city.
Philip IV of France confiscates Jewish property.
Roger de Flor founds the Catalan Company, with soldiers (Almogavars) jobless after the Treaty of Caltabellotta.

Tuesday, November 11, 1180 (Julianian calendar)

Philip II becomes King of France.
Alexander Neckam becomes a lecturer in Paris, and writes "De Natura Rerum", an early mention of chess (approximate date).
The Portuguese admiral D. Fuas Roupinho wins a second victory in two years against the Almohad fleet.ref name=Picard1997
Artois is annexed by France.
The Wittelsbach Family takes control of Bavaria.
Estimation: Hangzhou, capital of Southern Song China, becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Fes in the Almohad Empire.//geography.about.com/library/weekly/aa011201a.htm Geography at about.com
Frederick Barbarossa removes Henry the Lion from the Duchy of Saxony, and creates the Duchies of Westphalia and Styria.

Sunday, November 11, 1100 (Julianian calendar)

opening of the council of Poitier which is soon forcibly closed by the duke of Aquitaine, William IX, as the bishops were about to excommunicate once more the king of France, Philip I.

Monday, November 14, 763 (Julianian calendar)

Tibetan forces occupy the Chinese capital Chang'an of the Tang Dynasty for 16 days.
Tibetan forces occupy the Chinese capital Chang'an of the Tang Dynasty for 16 days.

Sunday, November 17, 401 (Julianian calendar)

The Visigoths, led by king Alaric I, cross the Alps and invade northern Italy. Emperor Honorius moves his capital to the coastal city of Ravenna, which is protected by marshes and strong fortifications. Stilicho begins the process of reclaiming the city.
The "Chronicon Pachale" (Paschal Chronicle) reports that the Black Sea is completely frozen.
Kumarajiva, KucheanBuddhistmonk, arrives in Chang\'an and begins translating Buddhist texts into Chinese.
Source: Wikipedia