Tuesday, October 18, 2011
United States Secretary of State Hilary Clinton makes an unannounced visit to the Libyan capital Tripoli, aiming to strengthen ties between the United States and the National Transitional Council, which has established itself as Libya's ruling body following the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi. //www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-15349335
militant organisation ETA
declares an end to its 43-year caign of political violence, which has killed over 800 people since 1968.
Saturday, October 18, 2008
Saturday, October 18, 2003
Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, visiting Afghanistan's President Hamid Karzai, is whisked out of Kabul owing to reports of a rocket attack. The reports turn out to be unfounded. //www.cbc.ca/stories/2003/10/18/pm_kabul031018
ndash The Soviet Union restores diplomatic relations with Israel, which had been suspended since the 1967 Six-Day War
Saturday, October 18, 1980
Government is re-elected for a third consecutive term in Australia
with a reduced majority.
Ford officially launches volume production of Fiesta car at its Valencia plant.
The Copyright Act of 1976 extends copyright duration for an additional 20 years in the United States.
("Pan troglodytes") is placed on the list of endangered species.
U.S. President Richard Nixon nominates Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr. and William H. Rehnquist to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Wednesday, October 18, 1961
Thursday, October 18, 1945
Wednesday, October 18, 1944
Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as President of China.
Saturday, October 18, 1941
October 19 ndash WWII: Thirty-two ships are sunk from Convoy SC 7 and Convoy HX 79 by the most effective wolfpack of the war including U-boat aces Kretschmer, Prien and Schepke
Tuesday, October 18, 1938
The German government expels 12,000 Polish Jews living in Germany the Polish government accepts 4,000 and refuses admittance to the remaining 8,000, who are forced to live in the no-man's land on the German-Polish frontier.
Tuesday, October 18, 1927
The Italian steamer ship "Principessa Mafalda" capsizes off Porto Seguro
, Brazil. At least 314 people are killed.
At 5:50 a.m. a ground fault gives way, causing the mine and part of the town of Worthington
to collapse into a large chasm located in Ontario
. Nobody is injured in the incident, as the area had been evacuated the night before after a mine foreman noticed abnormal rock shifts in the mine.
Wednesday, October 18, 1922
Thousands of unemployed demonstrate in London 50 are injured.
Saturday, October 18, 1884
Thursday, October 18, 1860
21 ndash Beijing's Old Summer Palace is burned to the ground by orders of British general Lord Elgin in retaliation for mistreatment of several prisoners of war during the Second Opium War.
Tuesday, October 18, 1859
Troops under Colonel Robert E. Lee overpower Brown at the Federal arsenal.
Saturday, October 18, 1851
The Great Exhibition in London is closed.
Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland: Anglo-Russian expedition forces surrender in North Holland
Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh.
Henry Fielding organizes the forerunner of the Bow Street Runners in London (8 men at first).
War of the Austrian Succession: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war. Great Britain obtains Madras, in India, from France, in exchange for the fortress of Louisbourg in Canada.
Tuesday, October 18, 1735
A shipbuilding industry begins in Mumbai
Thursday, October 18, 1685
The Chinese army of the Qing Dynasty attacks a Russian post at Albazin, during the reigns of the Kangxi Emperor and the dual Russian rulers Ivan V of Russia and Peter I of Russia. The events lead to the Treaty of Nerchinsk.Roberts, J: "History of the World", Penguin, 1994.
Tuesday, October 18, 1672
Wednesday, October 8, 1561 (Julianian calendar)
Between 1561 and 1670
3,229 witches are executed in southwestern Germany
, most by burning.
Publication of the Anglo-Genevan metrical psalter including the Old 100th, the version of the hymn All People That on Earth Do Dwell made from Psalm 100, attributed to the probably-Scottish clergyman and biblical translator William Kethe, exiled in Geneva.
Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima: Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.
Thursday, October 8, 1534 (Julianian calendar)
post placards all over France
attacking the Catholic Mass, provoking a violent sectarian reaction.
Wednesday, October 10, 1386 (Julianian calendar)
The Timurid Empire raids Georgia and takes King Bagrat V prisoner. Bagrat is subsequently freed by an army led by his son, George.
John of Gaunt leaves England to make good his claim to the throne of Castile by right of his second marriage to Constanza of Castile in 1371.
The mother and sister of Queen Jadwiga of Poland
are kidnapped by Jadwiga's brother-in-law.
Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg, the oldest university in Germany, is founded.
Monday, October 10, 1356 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, October 11, 1100 (Julianian calendar)
Peter I of Aragon conquers Barbastro (North) from the hands of the Almoravids.
Tuesday, October 12, 1081 (Julianian calendar)
Corfu is taken from the Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, Norman King of Southern Italy.
Turkish emir Tzachas conquers İzmir and founds a short lived principality and emerges as the first sea power in Turkish history.
Friday, October 12, 1016 (Julianian calendar)
Battle of Ashingdon: The Danes under Canute the Great defeat the English under Edmund Ironside.
Wednesday, October 12, 1009 (Julianian calendar)
Friday, October 14, 707 (Julianian calendar)
Death of Pope John VII. Prolonged "sede vacante" until the ratification of the election of Pope Sisinnius by the Exarch of Ravenna in early 708.
Monday, October 17, 320 (Julianian calendar)