Entebbe Raid: Israeli airborne commandos free 103 hostages being held by Palestinian hijackers of an Air France plane at Uganda's Entebbe Airport 1 Israeli soldier and several Ugandan soldiers are killed in the raid.
"Gregg v. Georgia": The Supreme Court of the United States rules that the death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual and is a constitutionally acceptable form of punishment.
Hartford circus fire: More than 100 children die in one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States.
WWII: At C Hood, Texas, future baseball star and 1st Lt. Jackie Robinson is arrested and later court-martialed for refusing to move to the back of a segregated U.S. Army bus. He is eventually acquitted.
French troops occupy Rome the Roman Republic surrenders.
Wednesday, July 3, 1822
Charles Babbage publishes a proposal for a difference engine, a forerunner of the modern computer for calculating logarithms and trigonometric functions. Construction of an operational version will proceed under British Government sponsorship 1823ndash32 but it will never be completed.