Relatives of Srebrenica massacre victims open a case in a Dutch court against the United Nations and the Netherlands for the failure of the Dutchbat force to prevent the killings. //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7461310.stm (BBC News)
In the first Greek legislative election of the year, the Panhellenic Socialist Movement, led by Prime Minister of Greece Andreas Papandreou, loses control of the Hellenic Parliament, leading to Papandreou's resignation the next day.
Saturday, June 18, 1983
Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space aboard Space Shuttle "Challenger" on the STS-7 mission.
Elizabeth II (Queen of Canada) and U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower open the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
The film "The Nun\\'s Story", based on the best-selling novel, is released. Audrey Hepburn stars as the title character she later says that this is her favorite film role. The film is a box-office hit, and is nominated for several Oscars.
"Darby O'Gill and the Little People", a film based on H.T. Kavanagh's short stories, is released in the U.S. by the Walt Disney Company after a world premiere in Ireland.
The film "The Nun's Story", based on the best-selling novel, is released. Audrey Hepburn stars as the title character she later says that this is her favorite film role. The film is a box-office hit, and is nominated for several Oscars.
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy. In a repeat of the events of 1096, Crusaders attack and massacre Jewish communities along the Rhine. Bernard de Clairvaux condemns these pogroms in strong terms, reminding the Crusaders that those who attacked the Jewish people during the previous Crusade came to a sorry end and were massacred to the last man by the Turks.
The city of Quona is conquered by the Republic of Florence in a drive to expend its control over the surrounding countryside.
While discussing the details of a military expedition against the Almoravids for the following year, the representative of the Republic of Genoa and the count of Barcelona reach a commercial agreement granting privileges to merchants of both nation in the Catalan and Ligurian ports.ref name=genoese crusade/
Genoese raid against the Muslim-held Balearic islands.ref name=lameretlesmusulmansPicard C. (1997) "La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age". Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. The Republic of Pisa protests officially, seeing the islands as rightfully theirs.
A nunnery given by the Alamannic noblewoman Beata on Lützelau island is first mentioned. In 744, the nunnery was sold to Einsiedeln Abbey.
A fourth expedition sent from Syria by the Umayyad caliphate to crush the rebellion in the Atlas region is defeated in the plain of the Ghrab (nowadays Morocco). The counter-attack of the Kharijite rebels to the East is successful but fails to conquer Kairouan from the loyalists. A more radical branch of the Tunisian Kharijites, the Sofrists, however manages to take the city soon after.Gilbert Meynier (2010) "L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518)". Paris: La Découverte pp.25.
Ufenau island in Switzerland is first mentioned in 741 as Hupinauia, and in 744 as Ubinauvia.
In 741 and 744, documents in the archives of St. Gallen Abbey describe the village of Kempraten as "Centoprato", another document in 863 as "Centiprata", inspired by the Latin name "Centum Prata".
Japanese authorities decree that Buddhist temples should be established throughout the country.