A magnitude 7.2 Msubw/sub earthquake
jolted eastern Turkey near the city of Van
, killing 604 people, and damaging about 2,200 buildings.
Saturday, October 23, 2010
Saturday, October 23, 2004
A Magnitude 6.7 earthquake and aftershocks of similar scale occur in the Tokamachi
area. A huge landslide occurs on the outskirts of Nagaoka
. According to Japan
ese officials, 68 people are killed, 4,085 are injured, and 103,000 are rendered homeless.
successfully launches its first rocket into space.
Tuesday, October 23, 2001
Apple Computer releases the now famous iPod.
Wednesday, October 23, 1996
Emperor of Japan Akihito begins the first imperial visit of China, telling a Beijing audience he felt deep sorrow for the suffering of the Chinese people during World War II.
Wednesday, October 23, 1991
declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
The first free parliamentary elections are held in Poland
Tuesday, October 23, 1984
Wednesday, October 23, 1957
Tuesday, October 23, 1956
Tuesday, October 23, 1945
Jackie Robinson signs a contract with the Montreal Royals.
The Norwegian Nazi leader Vidkun Quisling is shot to death by a firing squad for treason against Norway.
The Holocaust: Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration c.
WWII: Medal of Honor winning submarine ace Richard O'Kane becomes a prisoner of war when "Tang" is sunk in the Formosa Strait.
WWII: The Naval Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines begins (lasts until October 26).
WWII: The Red Army
, the first town in Norway to be liberated.
Award-winning composer and Hollywood songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory") is among 12 people killed in the mid-air collision between an American Airlines DC-3 airliner and a U.S. Army bomber near Palm Springs, California.
Thursday, October 23, 1941
Tuesday, October 23, 1923
In Germany, the Communists attempt a "putsch" in Hamburg. Street fighting in Hamburg for the next two days.
The German army occupies Saxony and crushes the Soviet Republic of Saxony.
Saturday, October 23, 1915
Tuesday, October 23, 1906
An aeroplane of Alberto Santos-Dumont
takes off at Bagatelle
in France and flies 60 meters (200 feet). This is the first officially recorded powered flight in Europe..
Saturday, October 23, 1897
Wednesday, October 23, 1895
The city of Tainan, last stronghold of the Republic of Formosa, capitulates to the forces of the Empire of Japan, ending the short-lived republic and beginning the Japanese rule era.
Wednesday, October 23, 1844
The Báb publicly proclaimed to be the promised one of Islam (the Qá'im, or Mahdi). He is also considered to be simultaneously the return of Elijah, John the Baptist, and the Ushídar-Máh referred to in the Zoroastrian scriptures.ref name=gpb_58 He announces to the world the coming of He whom God shall make manifest. He is considered the forerunner of Bahá'u'lláh ndash the founder of the Bahá'í Faith ndash whose claims include being the return of Jesus.
Wednesday, October 23, 1811
José Gervasio Artigas and 16.000 "orientales" leave the Banda Oriental del Uruguay to go into exile.
War of Jenkins' Ear: Great Britain declares war on Spain.
The Parliament of the Kingdom of Great Britain first meets in London.
Thursday, October 23, 1642
First English Civil War ndash Battle of Edgehill: Royalists and Parliamentarians battle to a draw.
Sunday, October 16, 1295 (Julianian calendar)
Work begins on construction of Beaumaris Castle on Anglesey, last of the ring of castles built by Edward I of England to subdue Wales.
Edward I summons the Model Parliament.
Wednesday, October 16, 1157 (Julianian calendar)
Battle of Grathe Heath: A civil war in Denmark ends with the death of King Sweyn III. Valdemar I of Denmark becomes king of all Denmark and restores and rebuilds the country.
Friday, October 17, 1091 (Julianian calendar)
, son of William I
, attempts a coup against his brothers but fails to seize the English throne.
Saturday, October 17, 1086 (Julianian calendar)
Battle of az-Zallaqah: Alfonso VI of León and Castile is defeated by the Almoravids, who had been called into Spain by Abbad III of Sevilla.
Monday, October 21, 502 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, October 22, 425 (Julianian calendar)
The Huns advance unopposed on Constantinople
but are halted by a plague that decimates their hordes (see 433
Last known usage of Demotic script in Egypt
is disbanded by the Roman Empire.
Wednesday, October 22, 424 (Julianian calendar)
Winter ndash A Roman army under command of Ardaburius leaves Thessalonica (modern Central Macedonia) and marched for Northern Italy where they make their base at Aquileia.
Emperor Theodosius II nominates his cousin Valentinian, age 5, the imperial title "nobilissimus Caesar" (most noble) of the Western Roman Empire. He is betrothed to his own daughter Licinia Eudoxia, who is only 2 years old.
Roman usurper Joannes sends Flavius Aetius, governor of the Palace ("cura palatii"), to the Huns to ask for their assistance. After negotiating, he returns back for Italy with a large force.