The European Court of Human Rights rules that the Turkish trial of Kurdish leader Abdullah Öcalan was not fair.
Tuesday, March 12, 2002
Israel ground troops invade the West Bank and Gaza Strip in her largest offensive since the 1982 invasion of Lebanon. Dozens of tanks occupy Ramallah. Thirty-seven total dead so far, Israeli and Palestinian.
Rodgers and Hammerstein's "The King and I" opens on Broadway and runs for 3 years. It's the first Rodgers Hammerstein musical specifically written for an actress (Gertrude Lawrence). Lawrence is stricken with cancer during the run of the show and dies halfway through its run a year later. The show makes a star of Yul Brynner.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average rises from 53.84 to 62.10. The day's gain of 15.34%, achieved during the depths of the Great Depression, remains to date as the largest 1-day percentage gain for the index.
under the command of the legendary captain Richard Roberts founders in rough seas with all passengers and crew lost.
Friday, March 12, 1830
"Craig vs. Missouri": The United States Supreme Court rules that state loan certificates are unconstitutional because they were bills of credit emitted by a state in violation of Article I, Section 10 of the Constitution.
Salzburgers arrive at the mouth of the Savannah River, in the British Colony of Georgia.
Thursday, March 12, 1654
13 ndash The Treaty of Pereyaslav is concluded in the city of Pereyaslav during the meeting between the Cossacks of the Zaporozhian Host and Tsar Alexey I of Russia, following the end to the Khmelnytsky Uprising in Ukraine, which had started in 164 and had resulted in the massacre of an estimated 100,000 Jews.
Work begins on the third and largest church at Cluny.
Wednesday, March 10, 538 (Julianian calendar)
The Kofun era ends and the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan, begins.
Arthur, war leader of the Britons, is mortally wounded at the Battle of Camlann. According to legend he is carried to Avalon where he dies.
Buddhism is introduced formally into Japan (by some accounts see also 552).
The Persians led by Khosrau I sack the city of Antioch.
Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Byzantine general Belisarius. The king lays siege to the city of Rimini but is forced to end the siege and retreat to Ravenna.
The Third Council of Orléans takes place and prohibits rural labor on Sunday.
Innocent I dies after a 16-year reign in which he has restored relations between the sees of Rome and Antioch, enforced celibacy of the clergy, and maintained the right of the bishop of Rome to judge appeals from other churches. Innocent is succeeded by Zosimus as the 41st pope.