Tuesday, December 23, 2008
Sunday, December 23, 2007
Friday, December 23, 2005
Sunday, December 23, 1990
Saturday, December 23, 1989
Romanian leader Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena
are executed by military troops after being found guilty of crimes against humanity.
Nicolae and Elena Ceauşescu are captured in Târgoviște.
Tuesday, December 23, 1986
Voyager completes the first nonstop circumnavigation of the earth by air without refueling in 9 days, 3 minutes and 44 seconds.
Thursday, December 23, 1982
The United States Environmental Protection Agency recommends the evacuation of Times Beach, Missouri due to dangerous levels of dioxin contamination.
Sunday, December 23, 1979
The first European Ariane
rocket is launched.
Thursday, December 23, 1976
A new volcano, Murara, erupts in eastern Zaire.
Sunday, December 23, 1973
OPEC doubles the price of crude oil.
Wednesday, December 23, 1964
"Wonderful Radio London
" commences transmissions with American top 40
format broadcasting, from a ship anchored off the south coast of England.
Saturday, December 23, 1961
Luxembourg's national holiday, the Grand Duke's Official Birthday, is set on June 23 by Grand Ducal decree.
Sunday, December 23, 1956
British and French troops leave the Suez Canal
Thursday, December 23, 1954
Wednesday, December 23, 1953
The Soviet Union announces officially that Lavrenti Beria has been executed.
Sunday, December 23, 1951
Tuesday, December 23, 1941
WWII: A second Japanese landing attempt on Wake Island
is successful, and the American garrison surrenders after a full night and morning of fighting.
Monday, December 23, 1940
WWII: Winston Churchill
, in a broadcast address to the people of Italy
, blames Benito Mussolini
for leading his nation to war against the British, contrary to Italy
's historic friendship with them: One man has arrayed the trustees and inheritors of ancient Rome upon the side of the ferocious pagan barbarians.
Friday, December 23, 1938
Thursday, December 23, 1920
The United Kingdom and France ratify the border between French-held Syria and British-held Palestine.
Saturday, December 23, 1916
WWI ndash Battle of Magdhaba: In the Sinai desert, Australian and New Zealand mounted troops capture the Turkish garrison.
Thursday, December 23, 1915
The HMHS "Britannic", the largest individual British loss in WWI, departs Liverpool on her maiden voyage.
Tuesday, December 23, 1913
Monday, December 23, 1889
The Indian Religious Code is created which forbids Native Americans
to practice their religions.
An early method of high-voltage direct current
(HVDC) transmission as developed by the Swiss engineer René Thury
Donald Beaty et al., Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers 11th Ed., McGraw Hill, 1978 is implemented commercially in Italy
by the "Acquedotto de Ferrari-Galliera" company. This system transmits 630 kW at 14 kV DC over a distance of 120 km.//www.myinsulators.com/acw/bookref/histsyscable/
ACW's Insulator Info ndash Book Reference Info ndash History of Electrical Systems and Cables! R. M. Black "The History of Electric Wires and Cables", Peter Perigrinus, London 1983 ISBN 0-86341-001-4 pages 94–96
Brook trout is introduced into the upper Firehole River, Yellowstone National Park.
English football team Wimbledon F.C. is formed.
The "Wisden Cricketers' Almanack" publishes its first "Wisden Cricketers of the Year" (actually titled "Six Great Bowlers Of The Year"). The cricketers chosen are George Lohmann, Bobby Peel, Johnny Briggs, Charles Turner, John Ferris and Sammy Woods.
Sunday, December 23, 1888
Texas finishes its 3 million dollar state capital building in Austin.
U.S. President Grover Cleveland declares the Chinese impossible of assimilation with our people and dangerous to our peace and welfare.
The Camborne School of Mines is founded in Cornwall, United Kingdom.
Prosecution of Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, for using ritualistic practices begins.
The first Tram line was opened in Tallinn. See more at Public transport in Tallinn.
Thursday, December 23, 1852
Taiping Rebellion: The Taiping army takes Hanyang and begins the siege of Wuchang.
Thursday, December 23, 1841
First Anglo-Afghan War: At a meeting with the Afghan general Akbar Khan, the British diplomat Sir William Hay Macnaghten is shot dead at close quarters.
The Scroll and Key secret society of Yale University is established.
Sunday, December 23, 1832
The Battle of Antwerp ends with the Netherlands losing the city.
Publication of the first Baedeker
guidebook, "Voyage du Rhin de Mayence à Cologne", in Koblenz
Thursday, December 23, 1824
Wednesday, December 23, 1789
Fort Washington, Cincinnati, Ohio, is built to protect early U.S. settlements in the Northwest Territory.
Influenced by Dr. Benjamin Rush
's argument against the excessive use of alcohol, about 200 farmers in a Connecticut community form a temperance
A leaflet circulated in France accuses marquis de Favras
of plotting to rescue the royal family.
Monday, December 23, 1776
American Revolution: Thomas Paine, living with Washington's troops, begins publishing "The American Crisis", containing the stirring phrase, These are the times that try men's souls.
Tuesday, December 23, 1631
First English settlement by William Claiborne within the State of Maryland, U.S.A.
Moses Amyraut's "Traite des Religions" is published.
The Taj Mahal
's construction is started (it is finished in 1653
Friday, December 23, 1588
Thursday, December 20, 619 (Julianian calendar)
Mellitus becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
Saturday, December 22, 484 (Julianian calendar)
Pope Felix III excommunicates Acacius of Constantinople and Peter III of Alexandria, for their role in having Zeno issue his Edict of Union ("Henotikon") 2 years ago. He considers the edict to be heretical and the schism between the Church of Rome and the Church of Constantinople widens. The "Acacian Schism" will not be resolved until 519.
Huneric dies and is succeeded by his nephew Gunthamund, who becomes king of the Vandals. During his reign the Catholics are free from persecutions and he stabilishes the kingdom's economy.
Monday, December 24, 176 (Julianian calendar)
Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his son Commodus enter Rome
after a caign north of the Alps
and receive a triumph
for their victories over the Germanic tribes