Thursday, October 20, 2011
Tuesday, October 20, 2009
European astronomers discover 32 exoplanets.
Saturday, October 20, 1990
The first Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras is held as a protest march and commemoration of the Stonewall Riots.
Thursday, October 20, 1977
Wednesday, October 20, 1976
Wednesday, October 20, 1965
African countries demand that the United Kingdom use force to prevent Rhodesia from declaring unilateral independence.
Comet Ikeya-Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers from the sun.
Colonel Christophe Soglo stages a second coup in Dahomey.
French authors André Figueras and Jacques Laurent are fined for their comments against Charles De Gaulle.
British police find the decomposed body of a boy on Saddleworth Moor.
Wednesday, October 20, 1954
A dock workers' strike expands in England.
Martial law is declared in Kenya due to the Mau Mau uprising.
Saturday, October 20, 1951
The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma.
Australia passes the Communist Party Dissolution Act, which is later struck down by the High Court.
A war begins in Kashmir
, along the border between India and Pakistan, leading to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
in the following year. Also, Pakistan established diplomatic relations with the United States of America.
American forces land in Red Beach in Palo, Leyte as General Douglas MacArthur returns to the Philippines with Philippine Commonwealth president Sergio Osmeña, and Armed Forces of the Philippines Generals Basilio J. Valdes and Carlos P. Romulo.
United States and Filipino troops with Filipino guerillas begin the Battle of Leyte
Belgrade is liberated by Yugoslav Partisans and the Red Army.
The combined American and Filipino soldiers was liberated in Tacloban
was fought the Japanese Imperial forces.
American forces land on the beaches in Dulag, Leyte, the Philippines, accompanied by Filipino troops entering the town, and fiercely opposed by the Japanese occupation forces.
Wednesday, October 20, 1926
A decree in Italy bans women from holding public office.
Thursday, October 20, 1910
The hull of the RMS "Olympic" is launched at the Harland and Wolff Shipyards in Belfast.
Saturday, October 20, 1883
Henry, Count of Chambord
, refuses to be crowned King Henry V of France until France abandons its tricolor and returns to the old Bourbon flag.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery forms the first regular Canadian army units when they create two batteries of garrison artillery, which later become the Royal Canadian Artillery.
The "Grand Sachem" of Tammany Hall (Boss Tweed) is arrested.
Thursday, October 20, 1870
Tuesday, October 20, 1868
Saturday, October 20, 1827
Greek War of Independence ndash Battle of Navarino: British, French, and Russian naval forces destroy the Turko-Egyptian fleet in Greece. This is the last naval action to be fought under sail alone.
Egypt: Cairo University School of Medicine is established as the first African medical school in the Middle East.
Laos: King Anouvong of Vientiane leads the Laotian Rebellion against Siam and successfully attacks Nakhon Ratchasima (the Siamese later invade Vientiane and nearly destroy the whole city).
Tuesday, October 20, 1818
Treaty between the U.S. and the United Kingdom establishes the boundary between the U.S. and British North America as the 49th parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, also creating the Northwest Angle.
Thursday, October 20, 1803
The Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase
Treaty, doubling the size of the United States.
Saturday, October 20, 1781
Thursday, October 20, 1740
Wednesday, October 20, 1728
The English astronomer James Bradley uses stellar aberration (first observed in 1725) to calculate the speed of light and observes nutation of the Earth's axis.
Saturday, October 20, 1708
Italian philosopher Giambattista Vico
delivers his inaugural lecture to the University of Naples, published as his first book, "On the Study Methods of Our Time", in 1709
Merger (with consent of the Parliament of Great Britain
) of the Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies and the more recently established English Company Trading to the East Indies to form the United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies, known as the Honourable East India Company
Completion of the construction of St Paul's Cathedral in London.
Tycho starts new observations in Wandsbæk, where he writes his famous elegy
Tuesday, October 20, 1587
Battle of Coutras: Huguenot forces under Henry of Navarre defeat Royalist forces under Anne de Joyeuse, favorite of King Henry. Joyeuse is killed.
Sunday, October 10, 1568 (Julianian calendar)
Akbar the Great of the Mughal Empire besieges and captures the massive Chittorgarh Fort in northern India.
Battle of Jodoigne
. Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva destroy Orange's rearguard. Orange abandons his offensive.
Saturday, October 10, 1528 (Julianian calendar)
Tuesday, October 11, 1496 (Julianian calendar)
Jan de Groote, a Dutchman, obtains a grant for the north ferry from the mainland of Scotland to Orkney from King James IV of Scotland.
Saturday, October 12, 1370 (Julianian calendar)
Monday, October 12, 1349 (Julianian calendar)
Pope Clement VI publishes a papal bull that condemns the Flagellants.
The Black Death spreads to Norway when an English ship with everyone dead on board floats to Bergen.
The Black Death breaks out in Mecca
Ibn Battuta arrives in Fez in Morocco.
An earthquake in Rome causes extensive damage, including the collapse of the southern exterior facade of the Colosseum.