Saturday, August 25, 2007
Thursday, August 25, 1988
A fire destroys part of Chiado
quarter, in Lisbon
's historical center.
Samantha Smith, Goodwill Ambassador between the Soviet Union and the United States for writing a letter to Yuri Andropov about nuclear war, and eventually visiting the Soviet Union at Andropov's request, dies in the Bar Harbor Airlines Flight 1808 plane crash. She was 13.
Wednesday, August 25, 1976
Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld, husband of Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, resigns from various posts over a scandal involving alleged corruption, in connection with business dealings with the Lockheed Corporation.
The first known outbreak of Ebola virus occurs in Yambuku, Zaire.
Thursday, August 25, 1955
Wednesday, August 25, 1948
The House Un-American Activities Committee holds its first-ever televised congressional hearing, featuring Confrontation Day between Whittaker Chambers and Alger Hiss.
Hungary decides to continue the war together with Germany.
WWII: Operation Countenance begins with United Kingdom and Soviet forces invading Iran.
Division of Grazing renamed U.S. Grazing Service.
orders all German-flagged merchant ships to head to German ports immediately in anticipation of the invasion of Poland.
The German Foreign Ministry cuts off all telegraph and telephone communication with the outside world in accordance with the plan for "Fall Weiss". At approximately 1830 Central European time, Adolf Hitler postpones "Fall Weiss" for 5 days, after receiving a message from Benito Mussolini that he will not honor the Pact of Steel if Germany attacks Poland, and because Chamberlain's government has not fallen as a result of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. Some units already in their forward positions (the attack is scheduled for 0430 the next day) do not get the word in time and attack various targets along the border. That same day, Neville Chamberlain gives Edward Rydz-Śmigły his ironclad guarantee of assistance if Poland is attacked by Germany.
MGM's classic musical film "The Wizard of Oz", based on L. Frank Baum's famous novel, and starring Judy Garland as Dorothy, is released in theaters everywhere.
Saturday, August 25, 1934
Saturday, August 25, 1928
Ahmet Zogu proclaims himself "King Zog I" of Albania he is crowned September 1.
Wednesday, August 25, 1926
, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
Thursday, August 25, 1898
Wednesday, August 25, 1875
Wednesday, August 25, 1830
Seven Years' War ndash Battle of Zorndorf
: Frederick defeats the Russian army of Count Wilhelm Fermor near the Oder
Peter the Great
arrives back to Moscow
: General Patrick Gordon
has already crushed the streltsy
rebellion, with 341 rebels sentenced to be decapitated (tradition holds that tsar Peter decapitated some of them himself).
Saturday, August 25, 1685
September ndash The first organised street lighting was introduced in London
with oil ls to be lit outside every tenth house on moonless winter nights.
Saturday, August 25, 1635
Galileo Galilei demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers.
Monday, August 15, 1580 (Julianian calendar)
Battle of Alcântara: Spanish armies, led by Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, defending the claim of King Philip II of Spain to the Portuguese throne, defeat the armies of Portuguese claimant António, Prior of Crato.
Wednesday, August 15, 1537 (Julianian calendar)
The island of Paros is conquered by the Ottoman Empire
is founded by Henry VIII in place of Bisham Priory.
establishes neo-Inca independent state at Vilaca, Peru
The Spaniards bring the potato
Religious buildings are dissolved by Henry VIII
Monday, August 18, 1270 (Julianian calendar)
King Louis IX of France dies while besieging the city of Tunis, possibly due to poor quality drinking water.
Thursday, August 22, 608 (Julianian calendar)
Thursday, August 24, 450 (Julianian calendar)
Dome of Baptistry of Neon, Ravenna (Italy), is started to be remodeled (approximate date).
King Yazdegerd II summons the leading Armenian nobles to the Persian capital Ctesiphon, pressuring them to cut their ties with the Western Church.Ronald Grigor Suny, "The Making of the Georgian Nation", (Indiana University Press, 1994), 23.
Angles, Saxons and Jutes invade Britain, marking the beginning of the Old English period (approximate date).
Pulcheria is forced to marry and co-rule the Eastern Roman Empire. She gives the imperial diadem to the Illyrian (or Thracian) officer and senator Marcian, age 58, and is crowned as empress in the Hippodrome at Constantinople in a first religious coronation ceremony.
All the Temples of Aphrodisias
(City of Goddess Aphrodite) are demolished and its libraries burned down. The city is renamed Stauroupolis (City of the Cross).
Thursday, August 24, 383 (Julianian calendar)
Emperor Gratian, age 24, is assassinated at Lugdunum (modern Lyon), leaving a young widow Laeta. Pannonia and Africa maintain their allegiance to co-emperor Valentinian II, now 12, whose mother, Justina, rules in his name.
King Ardashir II
dies after a 4-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Shapur III.ref name=isbn0-415-32678-8
Sunday, August 24, 357 (Julianian calendar)
The reign of Fú Jiān, the emperor of Former Qin, commences in China.
Battle of Strasbourg: Julian, "Caesar" (deputy emperor) and supreme commander of the Roman army in Gaul, wins an important victory against the Alemanni at Strasbourg (Argentoratum). He drives the barbarians back behind the Rhine.
Pope Liberius travels to Sirmium (Pannonia) late in the year and agrees to sign documents that effectively undo the Nicene Creed (which has implicitly disavowed Arianism) and to sever his relationship with the former Alexandrian patriarch Athanasius, who is replaced as bishop of Alexandria by his Arian opponent George of Cappadocia.
Julian builds in Gaul a fleet to secure the corn
supply from Britain
for the garrisons ("castella
") of the Rhine.