Unix Timestamp: 963157034
Sunday, July 9. 2000, 03:37:14 PM UTC+0000


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Saturday, July 9, 2011

2011 Syrian uprising: Human Rights Watch issues a report claiming that Syrian Army soldiers have been issued orders to shoot protesters participating in demonstrations. //www.msnbc.msn.com/id/43695260/ns/world_news-mideast_n_africa/ (AP via MSNBC)
Goran Hadžić is detained in Serbia, becoming the last of 161 people indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.{{cite web|url=//www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gN0BSyDw5sirbLulQXqgi4DslMtQ?docId=9188fbcd8b194ff79407247b3df94840|title=The Associated Press: Serbia arrests last Balkan war crimes fugitive|publisher=Google.com|accessdate=2011-07-21| archiveurl= //web.archive.org/web/20110720111844///www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gN0BSyDw5sirbLulQXqgi4DslMtQ?docId=9188fbcd8b194ff79407247b3df94840| archivedate= 20 July 2011 !DASHBot| deadurl= no}}
South Sudan secedes from Sudan, per the result of the independence referendum held in January.{{cite news|url=//www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12070034 |title=South Sudan: New nation|date=9 July 2011|work=BBC|publisher=BBC|accessdate=9 July 2011| archiveurl= //web.archive.org/web/20110709112539///www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12070034| archivedate= 9 July 2011 !DASHBot| deadurl= no}}
The United Nations declares a famine in southern Somalia, the first in over thirty years.{{cite news|url=//www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/07/18/un-famine-east-africa.html|title=Somalia on verge of famine|date=18 July 2011|publisher=CBC News|accessdate=18 July 2011| archiveurl= //web.archive.org/web/20110720035002///www.cbc.ca/news/world/story/2011/07/18/un-famine-east-africa.html| archivedate= 20 July 2011 !DASHBot| deadurl= no}}

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

India formally submits the nuclear safeguards agreement to IAEA to implement the United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act. //www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/09/AR2008070901781.html ("The Washington Post")
Five peacekeepers are killed and another 17 missing following an ambush on a patrol by the joint United Nations/African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur. //ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hWr_01ore-X-CandIaQKhiei4VEgD91QBDUO0 (AP via Google News)
Three members of the Turkish police force are killed during an armed attack on the United States consulate in Istanbul with three attackers also dead. The US ambassador states that it is an obvious case of terrorism. //www.hurriyet.com.tr/english/home/9394481.asp?gid=244sz=5457 ("Hurriyet") //edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/07/09/turkey.usconsulate/ (CNN)

Sunday, July 9, 2006

Hindu nationalists riot in and around the Indian city of Mumbai (Bombay), attacking a police station, burning buses, forcing businesses shut and halting public transport. //www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,19737208-23109,00.html (News.com.au)

Tuesday, July 9, 2002

A helicopter crash in Cyprus kills the head of the Cyprus National Guard, Lt. General Evangelos Florakis.
At a Sotheby\\\'s auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents (first version) is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet.
The Organization of African Unity is disbanded and replaced by the African Union.

Thursday, July 9, 1992

Bill Clinton announces his selection of Al Gore as his running mate in the 1992 U.S. presidential election.
In Miami, Florida, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
The Giotto spacecraft flies past Comet 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup, gathering measurements about the comet.

Sunday, July 9, 1989

July 12 ndash U.S. President George H. W. Bush travels to Poland and Hungary, pushing for U.S. economic aid and investment.
Steffi Graf and Boris Becker of West Germany win singles titles at the 1989 Wimbledon Chionships.

Monday, July 9, 1979

A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by Nazi hunters Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.

Wednesday, July 9, 1975

The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that will pave way for a multi-party system (albeit highly restricted).

Friday, July 9, 1971

The United Kingdom increases its troops in Northern Ireland to 11,000.

Monday, July 9, 1962

American artist Andy Warhol premieres his "Cbell's Soup Cans" exhibit in Los Angeles.

Wednesday, July 9, 1958

A 7.5 Richter scale earthquake in Lituya Bay, Alaska, causes a landslide that produces a huge 520-meter high wave.! Exact date unverified? Sources differ. Best sources say 9th.

Tuesday, July 9, 1957

Elvis Presley's "Loving You" opens in theaters.

Thursday, July 9, 1953

The US Treasury formally renames the Bureau of Internal Revenue the new name (which had previously been used informally) is the Internal Revenue Service.

Monday, July 9, 1945

A forest fire breaks out in the Tillamook Burn (the third in that area since 1933).

Sunday, July 9, 1944

WWII: British and Canadian forces capture Caen.

Thursday, July 9, 1942

Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new (13th) government in Turkey.

Thursday, July 9, 1931

Irish racing driver Kaye Don breaks the world water speed record at Lake Garda, Italy."BBC History", July 2011, p12

Friday, July 9, 1926

General Antonio Carmona takes power in a military coup in Portugal.

Thursday, July 9, 1925

In Dublin, Oonagh Keogh becomes the first female member of a stock exchange in the world.
Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called Monkey Trial begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.
Meher Baba begins his 44 year silence.

Tuesday, July 9, 1918

Great train wreck of 1918: In Nashville, Tennessee, an inbound local train collides with an outbound express, killing 101.

Monday, July 9, 1900

Queen Victoria gives her royal assent to the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act.

Thursday, July 9, 1896

William Jennings Bryan delivers his Cross of gold speech at the Democratic National Convention, which nominates him for President of the United States.

Friday, July 9, 1886

Charles Hall files a patent for his process of turning aluminium oxide into molten aluminium.

Monday, July 9, 1877

The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club begins its first lawn tennis tournament at Wimbledon.

Wednesday, July 9, 1873

Battle of Alpens (Third Carlist War)-Caigning in Catalonia, a Government column under General José Cabrinety was ambushed at Alpens, 15 miles east of Berga, by Carlist forces under General Francisco Savalls. After heavy fighting, with Cabrinety killed, virtually the entire column of 800 men was killed or captured.

Thursday, July 9, 1868

Tuesday, July 9, 1867

Queen\'s Park F.C., the oldest Association football league team in Scotland, is founded.
Queen's Park F.C., the oldest Association football league team in Scotland, is founded.

Thursday, July 9, 1863

The Siege of Port Hudson ends and the Union controls the entire Mississippi River for the first time.

Monday, July 9, 1860

The Nightingale Training School and Home for Nurses, the first nursing school based on the ideas of Florence Nightingale, is opened at St Thomas' Hospital in London.

Wednesday, July 9, 1856

Natal becomes a Crown Colony.ref name=CBH{{cite book|last=Palmer|first=Alan|coauthors=Veronica|year=1992|title=The Chronology of British History|publisher=Century Ltd|location=London|pages=276–277|isbn=0-7126-5616-2}}

Monday, July 9, 1832

Tuesday, July 9, 1816

Argentina declares independence from Spain.

Monday, July 9, 1810

Tuesday, July 9, 1805

Muhammad Ali Pasha founds his dynasty in Egypt.

Tuesday, July 9, 1793

The Act Against Slavery is passed in Upper Canada.

Friday, July 9, 1790

Russo-Swedish War ndash Second Battle of Svensksund: In a massive Baltic Sea battle of 300 ships, the Swedish navy captures one third of the Russian fleet: 304 Swedes are killed, 3,500 Russians killed and 6,000 captured, 51 Russian ships are sunk and 22 are taken.

Tuesday, July 9, 1776

American Revolution: An angry mob in New York City topples the equestrian statue of George III in Bowling Green.

Friday, July 9, 1762

Catherine II becomes empress of Russia upon the deposition of her husband Peter III. The incipient Russo-Prussian alliance falls apart, but Russia does not rejoin the war.

Wednesday, July 9, 1755

French and Indian War ndash Braddock Expedition: British troops and colonial militiamen are ambushed and suffer a devastating defeat inflicted by French and Indian forces. During the battle, British General Edward Braddock is mortally wounded. Colonel George Washington survives.

Thursday, July 9, 1750

Traveller Jonas Hanway leaves St. Petersburg to return home via Germany and the Netherlands. Later the same year, Hanway reputedly becomes the first Englishman to use an umbrella (a French fashion).

Wednesday, July 9, 1749

The naval settlement of Halifax, Nova Scotia is founded as the British answer to Louisbourg.
While in debtor\'s prison, John Cleland writes "Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure)".

Saturday, July 9, 1701

Crossing of the Düna: Following his victories over Denmark and Russia in 1700, Karl XII of Sweden escalates the conflict in the Great Northern War by an invasion of Poland. The Swedes defeat the army of Saxony (then a Polish territory) at the River Dvina.

Tuesday, July 9, 1630

Thirty Years' War: Stettin is taken by Swedish forces.

Sunday, June 29, 1572 (Julianian calendar)

The Sea Beggars hang nineteen previously imprisoned Roman Catholic priests at Brielle.

Thursday, June 29, 1553 (Julianian calendar)

Battle of Sievershausen: Prince-elector Maurice of Saxony defeats the Catholic forces of Margrave Albert of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Maurice is mortally wounded.

Wednesday, June 29, 1541 (Julianian calendar)

Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to assist the Emperor of Ethiopia to defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi, who has invaded his Empire.

Tuesday, June 29, 1540 (Julianian calendar)

Sunday, July 1, 1386 (Julianian calendar)

Battle of Sempach: The Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule.

Saturday, July 1, 1357 (Julianian calendar)

Rao Kanhadev becomes Rathore ruler of Marwar (now part of India).{{cite book|last=Bunce|first=Frederick W.|title=Royal palaces, residences, and pavilions of India|year=2006|publisher=D.K. Printworld|isbn=978-81-246-0356-7|page=303|url=//books.google.com.au/books?ct=resultid=VfjVAAAAMAAJdq=Rao+Kanhadev+1357q=Kanha+Dev+1357#search_anchor}}
The Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat (Famous Wat Yai) Temple is constructed in Phitsanulok, Thailand.{{cite book|last=Eliot|first=Joshua|last2=Bickersteth|first2=Jane|title=Thailand handbook|year=2003|publisher=Footprint Travel Guides|isbn=978-1-903471-54-8|page=214|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=lg1t7IhJwsECpg=PA214dq=Wat+Phra+Sri+Rattana+Mahathat+1357#v=onepageqf=false2|edition=2nd}}
The Blue Horde unseat Ghazan II as the ruler of the Il-Khanate and appoint their own governor.
In France, the States-General passes Étienne Marcel's Great Ordinance in an attempt to impose limits on the monarchy, in particular in fiscal and monetary matters.{{cite book|last=Michelet|first=Jules|last2=Smith|first2=G. H.|title=History of France: from the earliest period to the present time|year=1845|publisher=D. Appleton Co.|page=442|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=t2Je9tWfiZgCpg=PA442dq=Great+Ordinance+of+1357#v=onepageq=Great%20Ordinance%20of%201357f=false|volume=1}}
Sikandar I becomes Sultan of Bengal.{{Citation needed|date=December 2011}}
Influenza is first identified as a disease.{{cite book|last=Raoult|first=Didier|last2=Drancourt|first2=Michel|title=Paleomicrobiology: past human infections|year=2008|publisher=Springer|isbn=978-3-540-75854-9|page=200|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=9P_4EwsZuC0Cpg=PA200dq=Influenza+first+identified+1357#v=onepageq=In%201357%2C%20an%20epidemic%20was%20described%20in%20Florencef=false}}
Berdibek succeeds Jani Beg as Khan of the Blue Horde.{{cite book|last=Perrie|first=Maureen|last2=Lieven|first2=D. C. B.|last3=Suny|first3=Ronald Grigor|title=The Cambridge History of Russia: From early Rus' to 1689|year=2006|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-521-81227-6|page=154|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=GQcviLmjNm0Cpg=PA154dq=Berdibek+1357#v=onepageq=Berdibek%201357f=false}}
King David II of Scotland is released by the English in return for a ransom.{{cite book|last=Brown|first=Keith M.|editor-last=Tanner|editor-first=Roland|title=Parliament and politics in Scotland, 1235–1560|year=2004|publisher=Edinburgh University Press|isbn=978-0-7486-1485-1|page=16|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=7SMfrAIkWksCpg=PA74dq=david+II+of+scotland+released+1357#v=onepageq=David%20-%20after%20his%20release%20in%201357f=false}}
The first public exhibition of the Shroud of Turin is recorded.{{cite book|title=The Remarkable Metrological History of Radiocarbon Dating|publisher=DIANE Publishing|isbn=978-1-4223-1857-7|page=200|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=bKoL_vPa47ECpg=PA200dq=Shroud+of+Turin+1357#v=onepageq=Shroud%20of%20Turin%201357f=false|volume=2}}
Charles Bridge in Prague is founded.{{cite book|last=Burton|first=Richard|title=Prague: a cultural and literary history|year=2003|publisher=Signal Books|isbn=978-1-902669-63-2|page=24|url=//books.google.com.au/books?id=G0uaU8M2bosCpg=PA24dq=charles+bridge+9+July+1357#v=onepageq=charles%20bridge%209%20July%201357f=false}}

Saturday, July 7, 518 (Julianian calendar)

Emperor Anastasius I dies childless at Constantinople, age 88, after an 27-year reign in which he has abolished the sale of offices, reformed taxation, perfected the empire's monetary system, but antagonized some with his heretical Monophysite religious policies. He is succeeded by Justin (Flavius Justinus), his "comes excubitorum", commander of the palace guard. After his death, he leaves the imperial treasury richer by 23,000,000 "solidi" or 320,000 pounds of gold.P. Brown, The world of late antiquity, W.W. Norton and Co. 1971 (p. 147)
Justin I founded the Justinian Dynasty and makes his nephew Flavius Petrus Sabbatius (later Justinian I) his trusted advisor. He becomes the emperor's close confidant and acts possibly as regent.Moorhead (1994), p. 21-22, with a reference to Procopius, Secret History 8.3. Theocritus, candidate to the throne, is accused of a conspiracy and executed.
An earthquake destroys the Illyrian (Macedonian) city of Scupi (later Skopje) in what once was the Roman province of Moesia Superior.

Monday, July 8, 491 (Julianian calendar)

Odoacer makes a night assault with his Heruli guardsmen, engaging Theodoric the Great in Ad Pinetam. Both sides suffer heavy losses, but in the end Theodoric repulses the attack, forcing Odoacer back into Ravenna.
Lupicinus becomes bishop of Lyon. He is the founder of the abbeys of Saint Claude (Jura Mountains).

Friday, July 8, 455 (Julianian calendar)

Avitus is proclaimed Roman emperor at Toulouse, and later recognised by the Gallic chiefs in "Viernum" (near Arles).
Source: Wikipedia