Friday, December 21, 2012
The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar
, notably used by the pre-Columbian Mayan civilization
among others, completes a great cycle of thirteen "b\'ak\'tuns
" (periods of 144,000 days each) since the myth
ical creation date
of the calendar's current era.Susan Milbrath, Curator of Latin American Art and Archaeology, Florida Museum of Natural History, ed in //www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2007-03-27-maya-2012_n.htm
"USA Today", Wednesday, March 28, 2007, p. 11D//tulane.edu/news/newwave/062508_maya.cfm
The Sky Is Not Falling "New Wave", Tulane University, June 25, 2008.
Wednesday, December 21, 2011
Tuesday, December 21, 2010
Sunday, December 21, 2008
Friday, December 21, 2007
The Schengen Agreement is expanded to include the seaports and land borders of the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia. //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4738063.stm
Tuesday, December 21, 2004
Iraqi insurgents attack a U.S. military base in the city of Mosul
, killing 22 people.
Saturday, December 21, 2002
In the Côte d'Ivoire, units of the French Foreign Legion, based at the city of Duekoue on Sassandra River have come into contact with rebels advancing southward from the city of Man. Colonel Emmanuel Maurin, commander of the French force, states Between what we have here and the river, they shall not pass.
Thursday, December 21, 1989
Nicolae Ceausescu addresses an assembly of some 110,000 people outside the Romanian Communist Party HQ in Bucharest
. The crowd begin to protest against Ceausescu and he orders in the army
to attack the protesters.
After a week of bloody demonstrations, Ion Iliescu
takes over as president of Romania
, ending the communist dictatorship
of Nicolae Ceauşescu, who flees his palace in a helicopter to escape inevitable execution after the palace was invaded by rioters. The Romania
n troops, who the day before had followed Ceausescu's orders to attack the demonstrators, change sides and join the uprising.
Two tourist coaches collide on the Pacific highway north of Kempsey
, Australia, killing 35.
Wednesday, December 21, 1988
Pan Am Flight 103 is blown up over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing a total of 270 people. Those responsible are believed to be Libyans.
Monday, December 21, 1987
Monday, December 21, 1981
Friday, December 21, 1979
A ceasefire for Rhodesia is signed at London.
Sunday, December 21, 1975
Monday, December 21, 1964
Comedian Lenny Bruce is sentenced to 4 months in prison, concluding a 6-month obscenity trial.
The James Bond
" begins its run in U.S.
theaters. It becomes one of the most successful and popular Bond films ever made.
Saturday, December 21, 1963
Friday, December 21, 1962
Britain agrees to purchase Polaris
missiles from the U.S.
Thursday, December 21, 1961
In Congo, Katangan prime minister Moise Tshombe recognizes the Congolese constitution.
Sunday, December 21, 1958
Friday, December 21, 1945
A team at Oak Ridge National Laboratory led by Charles Coryell discovers chemical element 61, the only one still missing between 1 and 96 on the periodic table, which they will name promethium.
General George S. Patton
dies from injuries sustained in a car accident on December 9.
Terror strikes are carried out against British military bases in Palestine
Twenty-eight nations sign an agreement creating the World Bank
Raymond Libby develops the oral penicillin antibiotic.
Tuesday, December 21, 1937
Friday, December 21, 1928
1928ndash1932 ndash The average nonfarm wage falls by 50% in the USSR.
The first (and last) Best Title Writing Academy Award is given.
" enters Europe through the Amsterdam Olympics.
The U.S. Congress approves the construction of Boulder Dam, later renamed Hoover Dam
Sunday, December 21, 1919
Sunday, December 21, 1913
Saturday, December 21, 1907
Friday, December 21, 1894
Mackenzie Bowell becomes Canada's fifth prime minister.
Sunday, December 21, 1873
Saturday, December 21, 1872
A conscription law, modeled on the French version, is issued in Japan.
In the aftermath of the Paraguayan War
, the new government of Paraguay makes peace with Brazil
, grants reparations and territorial concessions.
The first Marist Brothers arrive in Australia.
Thursday, December 21, 1865
Tuesday, December 21, 1847
Abd al-Kader surrenders and is imprisoned by the French.
Saturday, December 21, 1844
Annual British iron production reaches 3 million tons.
The Free Church Institution is established by Reverend Alexander Duff in Calcutta, India. This is later merged with the General Assembly's Institution to form the Scottish Church College, one of the pioneering institutions that ushers in the Bengal Renaissance.
Thursday, December 21, 1843
Edgar Allan Poe's short story "The Tell-Tale Heart" is first published.
The export of British textile machinery and other equipment is allowed.
", a Quaker weekly, is first published in London.
The first total solar eclipse of saros 139
occurs over southern Asia.
Monday, December 21, 1840
First Opium War (1839–1842)
By July ndash August Borsig completes the first steam locomotive built in Germany.
publishes his "Etudes sur les glaciers" (Study on Glaciers, 2 volumes), the first major scientific work to propose that the Earth has seen an ice age
Monday, December 21, 1835
The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad is chartered in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Friday, December 21, 1832
Battle of Konya: The Egyptians defeat the main Ottoman army in central Anatolia.
Saturday, December 21, 1816
, capital of The Gambia
, is founded as a trading post, and named Bathurst.
Saturday, December 21, 1811
First Constitution of Republic of Venezuela after declares its independence from Spain.
Saturday, December 21, 1776
American Revolution: The Royal Colony of North Carolina reorganizes into the State of North Carolina
after adopting its own constitution. Richard Caswell
becomes the first governor of the newly formed state.
Wednesday, December 21, 1768
Louis XV of France appoints René de Maupeou as chancellor and orders him to crush the judicial opposition.
Friday, December 21, 1646
Tuesday, December 21, 1638
The Finnish postal service, "Suomen Posti", is founded.
The Beijing Gazette makes an official switch in its production process of newspapers, from woodblock printing to movable type printing private newspapers in Ming Dynasty China were first mentioned in 1582.
Shah Jahan transfers the capital of the Moghul Empire from Agra to Delhi.
The full moon is in total eclipse from 1:12 to 2:47 UT and the solstice occurs later in the day at 16:05 UT.
, the first planned city in America, is founded.
Covenanters meet at Muchalls Castle to compose responses to the Bishops of Aberdeen.
Shipwrecked sailors from England found the first known European settlement in Belize
Monday, December 21, 1620
Francis Bacon publishes the "Novum Organum" (beyond Aristotle's "Organon") on logical thinking.
Juan Pablo Bonet
, teacher of deaf children in the Spanish court, creates the sign alphabet.
A severe frost in England, with the Thames
frozen. 13 continuous days of snow in Scotland
. On Eskdale Moor
only 35 of a flock of 20,000 sheep survive.
The modern violin
Cornelius Drebbel, at the Thames, builds an undersea boat (history of submarines).
Witch hunts begin in Scotland.
Plymouth Colony: William Bradford and the "Mayflower" Pilgrims land on what is now known as Plymouth Rock in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Monday, December 21, 1598
Illustrations of Ottoman Turkish and European riflemen, with detailed illustrations of their firearms, appear in Zhao Shizhen's book "Shenqipu" in this year, during the Ming Dynasty of China.
Philosopher Tommaso Canella
organizes an uprising in Calabria
against the rule of the Spanish viceroy
he is captured, tortured and sentenced to 27 years in jail.
Monday, December 12, 1491 (Julianian calendar)
Nicolaus Copernicus enters the University of Kraków.
A major fire breaks out in Dresden
Truce of Coldstream secures a 5-year peace between Scotland and England.ref name=CBH/
In the Russian territory of Komi (now the Komi Republic), annexed by Russia in 1478, copper and silver ores are discovered, and the territory gains importance as a mining and metallurgical center.
Monday, December 14, 1237 (Julianian calendar)
The Livonian Brothers of the Sword unite with the Teutonic Knights.
Gualdo Tadino, Italy, is destroyed by fire.
A major fire destroys some 30,000 dwellings in the Chinese capital city of Hangzhou
Saturday, December 14, 1140 (Julianian calendar)
Sunday, December 14, 1124 (Julianian calendar)
In Ireland, St. Malachy, the great reformer of the Church, is made a bishop.
Arnald becomes the first Bishop of Greenland