Tuesday, December 9, 2008
Canadian Member of Parliament Bob Rae announces his withdrawal from the leadership caign of the Liberal Party, leaving the position (and that of the Leader of the Opposition and the leadership of the proposed opposition coalition) open to fellow MP Michael Ignatieff. //www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2008/12/09/rae-liberals.html
Taliban fighters in Afghanistan have pulled back to take up new positions defending the town of Musa Qala during a battle with the Afghan National Army and the International Security Assistance Force. //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7134973.stm
Tuesday, December 9, 2003
, the second largest airline in the world, files for bankruptcy.
Tuesday, December 9, 1997
The Pokémon Trading Card Game is blessed by the Vatican for its love-thy-neighbor notion of intense friendship, for being full of inventive imagination, and its lack of harmful moral side effects.
Wednesday, December 9, 1992
Saturday, December 9, 1989
The East German Communist Party elects the reformist Gregor Gysi as party leader.
announces the establishment of Mongolia's democratic movement, that peacefully changes the second oldest communist country into a democratic society.
President of Czechoslovakia Gustáv Husák swears in a new cabinet with a non-Communist and then immediately resigns as president.
The Australian Dollar is floated, by Federal treasurer Paul Keating. Under the old flexible peg system, the Reserve Bank bought and sold all Australian dollars and cleared the market at the end of the day. This initiative is taken by the government of Bob Hawke.
A major earthquake and tsunami kills 259 people in Colombia.
The eradication of the smallpox virus
is certified, making smallpox
the first and to date only human disease driven to extinction.
summit, reuniting the European communities' heads of state and government, commences.
Saturday, December 9, 1967
Nicolae Ceauşescu becomes the Chairman of the Romania
n State Council, making him the de-facto leader of Romania
Thursday, December 9, 1965
" and "Gemini 7
" perform the first controlled rendezvous in Earth orbit.
"A Charlie Brown Christmas", the first "Peanuts" television special, debuts on CBS, quickly becoming an annual tradition.
Tanganyika (now Tanzania) becomes a republic within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as president.
MGM's "The Wizard of Oz" receives its last of four December telecasts on CBS. It will skip a telecast in 1963, so beginning in 1964, first on CBS, then on NBC, and finally again on CBS, it will nearly always be telecast during the early part of the year until Turner Entertainment buys the rights to the film in the 1990s.
Tuesday, December 9, 1958
, Spain, and Sri Lanka
join the United Nations
simultaneously, after several years of moratorium on admitting new members that began during the Korean War
The Tappan Zee Bridge in New York opens to traffic.
Tuesday, December 9, 1947
French labor union
s call off the general strike and re-commence negotiations with the French government.
De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill on Sea, opens.
Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
Thursday, December 9, 1897
Thursday, December 9, 1875
Wednesday, December 9, 1868
Tuesday, December 9, 1856
Bushehr surrenders to the British.
Legal protection of widow remarriage is extended in India
Tuesday, December 9, 1851
Saturday, December 9, 1843
Wednesday, December 9, 1835
Thursday, December 9, 1824
After many years of settlement, the Town on Queen Anne's Creek is established as a courthouse for Chowan County, North Carolina. The town is renamed Edenton in 1720 and incorporated in 1722.
December ndash Plague breaks out in Edinburgh
Tuesday, December 9, 1625
England: a very high tide occurs, described as being the highest ever known in the Thames
, and the sea walls in Kent
, and Lincolnshire
are overthrown, and great desolation caused to the lands near the sea.
Thirty Years' War: The Netherlands and England sign the Treaty of The Hague, a military peace treaty for providing economical aid to king Christian IV of Denmark during his military caigns in Germany.
The first members of the Society of Jesus move to Quebec, Canada.
Saturday, December 9, 1595
Thursday, December 9, 1582
f Julian calendar (Sunday) ndash France makes the next day Monday, December 20 of the Gregorian Calendar.
Jesuit Matteo Ricci is allowed to enter the country.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi attacks a fortress at Takamatsu.
The sultanate of Morocco
begins to press southward in search of a greater share of the trans-Saharan trade.
Saturday, November 30, 1409 (Julianian calendar)
Venice buys the port of Zadar from Hungary.
Ulugh Beg becomes governor of Samarkand.
Tuesday, December 5, 730 (Julianian calendar)
Sunday, December 7, 536 (Julianian calendar)
Belisarius enters Rome
through the Asinarian Gate
, the Gothic garrison (4,000 men) flee the capital. He sends an urgent request for reinforcements to Justinian I, meanwhile preparing Rome
for a siege by bringing in great quantities of food
and other supplies.Bury (1923), Ch. XVIII, p. 180
Winter ndash Belisarius set up his headquarters on the Pincian Hill and repairs the neglected city walls of Rome. He stations a 5,000 men garrison, of whom half are his personal bodyguard ("bucellarii"). To hold parts of the city, he recruits 20,000 young Romans to man the walls.
Senka succeeds his brother Ankan as the 28th emperor of Japan.
Summer ndash Constantinianus, "magister militum per Illyricum", retakes Dalmatia. The Goths abandon Salona and withdraw to the north. The Byzantines
rebuild its walls and reclaim the province.Procopius, "De Bello Gothico" I.VII
March ndash Belisarius sails to Carthage
with 1,000 men to suppress a mutiny
against Solomon. Meanwhile the capital is besieged by 9,000 rebels, including many Vandals
, under Stotzas
. Belisarius defeats the muntineers and hurries back to Sicily
March ndash King Theodahad cede Provence and upper Alamannia to the Franks for gaining their support in the war. He sends an large Gothic army into Dalmatia. They defeat the Byzantines, Mundus is killed during the fightings at Salona, and the Byzantine army withdraws.Bury (1923), Vol. II, Ch. XVIII, p. 174
Monday, December 8, 480 (Julianian calendar)
occupies Dalmatia and prosecutes Nepos's killers. He later establishes his political power with the co-operation of the Roman Senate