President John F. Kennedy gives the commencement address at Yale University.
President John F. Kennedy gives the commencement address at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.
Frank Morris, John Anglin and Clarence Anglin, with apparent success, escape from the Alcatraz Island prison. Although the men were never heard from again, there is evidence that they survived the attempt and there was to be sightings of them over the years.
WWII ndash Battle of Normandy: "Operation Overlord", commonly known as D-Day, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The Allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland, in the largest hibious military operation in history. This operation helps liberate France from Germany, and also weakens the Nazi hold on Europe.
Wednesday, June 6, 1934
New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Exchange Act into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Sweden promulgates a new Instrument of Government, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after authoritarian rule since 1772. On the same day, Duke Charles (uncle of the deposed king Gustav IV Adolf) is elected King under the name Charles XIII.
Saturday, June 6, 1807
An earthquake strikes Lisbon, Portugal.
Wednesday, June 6, 1787
Franklin College, named for Benjamin Franklin, opens in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. It later merges with Marshall College to become Franklin and Marshall College.
July ndash The Russian Army seizes Smolensk, and the Thirteen Years War starts between Russia and Poland over Ukraine.
Monday, June 6, 1644
The invading Manchu army, with the help of Ming general Wu Sangui, captures Beijing, China. This marks the beginning of the Qing Dynasty (also known as the Manchu Dynasty), the last imperial dynasty of China.
Thursday, June 6, 1630
Swedish warships depart from Stockholm to Germany.
Richard Whittington is nominated as Lord Mayor of London for the first time.
Monday, May 29, 1391 (Julianian calendar)
Anti-Jewish riots erupt in Seville, Spain. Many thousands of Jews are massacred and the violence spreads throughout Spain and Portugal.
Saturday, May 29, 1333 (Julianian calendar)
William Donn de Burgh, 3rd Earl of Ulster is murdered and the Burke Civil War begins in Ireland.
Tuesday, May 30, 1217 (Julianian calendar)
King Henry I of Castile dies aged thirteen from the fall of a roof tile in Palencia, an event which his regent, Álvaro Núñez de Lara, attempts to conceal. Henry's sister Berengaria succeeds to the throne.