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Tuesday, May 23. 2000, 11:14:43 PM UTC+0000


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Sunday, May 23, 2010

Saturday, May 23, 2009

Former South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun commits suicide. //content.usatoday.net/dist/custom/gci/InsidePage.aspx?cId=indystarsParam=30818741.story (AP via "USA Today")
Former President of South Korea Roh Moo-hyun, under investigation for alleged bribery during his presidential term, commits suicide.{{cite news|title=Ex-S Korea leader 'kills himself'|work=BBC News|date=2009-05-23| accessdate=2009-05-23|url=//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8064799.stm| archiveurl= //web.archive.org/web/20090523011859///news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8064799.stm| archivedate= 23 May 2009 !DASHBot| deadurl= no}}

Friday, May 23, 2008

Twelve South American nations agree to form the Union of South American Nations uniting two customs unions in Mercosur and the Andean Community. //www.euronews.net/index.php?page=infoarticle=489166lng=1 (Euronews)
The International Court of Justice awards sovereignty of Pedra Branca to Singapore, ending a 28-year dispute over the islet between Singapore and Malaysia. Malaysia was awarded sovereignty of an outcropping of Pedra Branca, Middle Rocks, while the sovereignty of South Ledge was left to be determined by the maritime boundary between the two nations, which is also a contentious point. //www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/349592/1/.html (Channel NewsAsia)

Tuesday, May 23, 2006

A voice purporting to be that of Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden says on an audiotape that Zacarias Moussaoui had no link to the September 11, 2001 attacks. //news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/5010764.stm (BBC) //www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,196682,00.html (FOX) //today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=topNewsstoryID=2006-05-23T205410Z_01_L23145974_RTRUKOC_0_US-ATTACK-MOUSSAOUI.xml (Reuters)//www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/05/24/AR2006052400603.html (Washington Post)

Friday, May 23, 2003

Dewey, the first deer cloned by scientists at Texas AM University, is born.

Thursday, May 23, 2002

The Indian-Pakistani conflict intensifies in the Kashmir region. Both powers have nuclear weapons.

Friday, May 23, 1997

Strom Thurmond becomes the longest-serving member in the history of the United States Senate (41 years and 10 months).
Mohammad Khatami won at 1997 Iranian presidential election and became first Iranian Reformist President.
A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah.

Tuesday, May 23, 1995

Oklahoma City bombing: In Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, the remains of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building are imploded.

Saturday, May 23, 1992

In Thailand, Suchinda Kraprayoon agrees to resign.
Serbian irregulars kill at least 16 people on a bread line in Sarajevo.
A Mafia bomb kills Italian anti-Mafia judge Giovanni Falcone.

Thursday, May 23, 1985

Thomas Patrick Cavanaugh is sentenced to life in prison for attempting to sell stealth bomber secrets to the Soviet Union.

Wednesday, May 23, 1984

Methane gas explosion at Abbeystead water treatment works in Lancashire, England kills 16 people.

Sunday, May 23, 1982

KGB head Yuri Andropov is appointed to the Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
Iranian troops retake Khorramshahr.
Falklands War: HMS "Antelope" is lost

Wednesday, May 23, 1979

John Spenkelink is executed in Florida, in the first use of the electric chair in America after the reintroduction of death penalty in 1976.
American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport, killing all 271 on board and 2 people on the ground in the deadliest aviation accident in U. S. history.
Etan Patz was a 6 year old American child who disappeared from lower Manhattan, New York. His disappearance sparked the missing children's movement. He has never been found but the case was reopened in the year 2010.

Tuesday, May 23, 1972

A Red Army Faction bomb explodes in the Cbell Barracks of the U.S. Army Supreme European Command in Heidelberg, West Germany 3 U.S. soldiers (Clyde Bonner, Ronald Woodard and Charles Peck) are killed.
The Tamil United Front (now known as Tamil United Liberation Front), a pro-Tamil organization, is founded.
Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT I treaty in Moscow, as well as the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and other agreements.
The Magnavox Odyssey video game system is first demoed, marking the dawn of the video game age it goes on sale to the public in August.
The Watergate first break-in, the Ameritas dinner, fails.
Willandra National Park is established in Australia.
Wernher von Braun retires from NASA, frustrated by the agency's unwillingness to pursue a manned trans-orbital space program.
Rangers lift the Cup Winners Cup, defeating Dynamo Moscow in the final at the Nou C. Their supporters invade the pitch, with the team banned from defending the trophy the following season.

Sunday, May 23, 1971

Six armed passengers hijack a Romanian passenger plane and force it to fly to Vienna.
Christie's auctions a diamond known as Deepdene it is later found to be artificially colored.
An air crash at Rijeka Airport, Yugoslavia kills 78 people, mostly British tourists.
Austria and the People's Republic of China establish diplomatic relations.
Qantas agrees to pay $500,000 to bomb hoaxer-extortionist Mr. Brown (Peter Macari), who is later arrested.

Saturday, May 23, 1970

A fire occurs in the Britannia Bridge over the Menai Strait near Bangor, Caernarfonshire, Wales, contributing to its partial destruction and amounting to approximately £1,000,000 worth of fire damage.

Tuesday, May 23, 1967

Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran to Israeli shipping, blockading Israel's southern port of Eilat, and Israel's entire Red Sea coastline.

Thursday, May 23, 1963

Monday, May 23, 1960

Friday, May 23, 1958

Explorer 1 ceases transmission.

Wednesday, May 23, 1956

French minister Pierre Mendès France resigns due to his government's policy on Algeria.

Wednesday, May 23, 1951

Monday, May 23, 1949

The Federal Republic of Germany is established.

Wednesday, May 23, 1945

President of Germany Karl Dönitz and Chancellor of Germany Count Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk are arrested by British forces at Flensburg. They are respectively the last German Head of state and Head of government until 1949.
Heinrich Himmler, former head of the Nazi SS, commits suicide in British custody.

Monday, May 23, 1938

Temporarily frustrated by the Czechoslovak mobilization and international diplomatic unity in the face of German demands over the Sudetenland, Hitler orders the Foreign Office to assure the Czechoslovaks that he has no demands on their territory. The world at large mistakenly believes the crisis is averted.
Spanish Civil War: Alicante, Spain is bombed, resulting in 313 deaths.
The Soviet ambassador to the United States A.A. Troyanovsky declared that Moscow was ready to defend Czechoslovakia. This offer was ignored by Britain and the U.S.A.

Wednesday, May 23, 1934

The 5-day Battle of Toledo starts during the Auto-Lite strike in Toledo, Ohio.
Tomáš Masaryk is re-elected president of Czechoslovakia.
A team of police officers, led by former Texas Ranger Frank Hamer, ambush bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow near Gibsland, Louisiana, killing them both.

Wednesday, May 23, 1928

A bomb attack against the Italian consulate in Buenos Aires kills 22 and injures 43.

Monday, May 23, 1927

Nearly 600 members of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers viewed a live demonstration of television at the Bell Telephone Building in New York City. This is just over a year after John Logie Baird of Scotland first demonstrated a "mechanical television system" to the members of the Royal Society in London.

Sunday, May 23, 1926

The first Lebanese constitution is established.

Wednesday, May 23, 1923

Belgium's "SABENA" Airlines is created.

Friday, May 23, 1919

The University of California opens its second cus in Los Angeles. Initially called Southern Branch of the University of California (SBUC), it is eventually renamed the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).

Wednesday, May 23, 1917

A month of civil violence in Milan, Italy ends after the Italian army forcefully takes over the city from anarchists and anti-war revolutionaries. Fifty people are killed and 800 people are arrested.Seton-Watson, Christopher. 1967. Italy from Liberalism to Fascism: 1870 to 1925. London: Methuen Co. Ltd. Pp. 468–9

Thursday, May 23, 1912

The Hamburg America Line's {{SS|Imperator}} is launched in Hamburg and is the world's largest ship.

Wednesday, May 23, 1900

Sergeant William Harvey Carney is awarded the Medal of Honor for heroism in 1863, as the first African American to have been awarded this medal.

Tuesday, May 23, 1865

Union troops parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, DC to celebrate the end of the American Civil War.

Saturday, May 23, 1863

Ferdinand Lassalle founds the "Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein" (General German Workers' Association, ADAV), the first socialist workers party in Germany.

Monday, May 23, 1853

The first plat for Seattle, Washington is laid out.

Thursday, May 23, 1850

The "USS Advance" puts to sea from New York to search for John Franklin's Arctic expedition.

Thursday, May 23, 1844

Persian Prophet The Báb privately announces his revelation to Mullá Husayn, just after sunset, founding the Bábí Faith (later revolving to the Bahá'í Faith as the Báb intended) in Shiraz, Persia (now Iran). Contemporaneously, on this day in nearby Tehran, was the birth of `Abdu\\'l-Bahá the eldest Son of Bahá\'u\'lláh, Prophet-Founder of the Bahá'í Faith, the inception of which, the Báb's proclaimed His own mission was to herald. `Abdu\\'l-Bahá Himself was later proclaimed by Bahá\'u\'lláh to be His own successor, thus being the third central figure of the Bahá'í Faith.
Persian Prophet The Báb privately announces his revelation to Mullá Husayn, just after sunset, founding the Bábí Faith (later revolving to the Bahá'í Faith as the Báb intended) in Shiraz, Persia (now Iran). Contemporaneously, on this day in nearby Tehran, was the birth of `Abdu'l-Bahá the eldest Son of Bahá'u'lláh, Prophet-Founder of the Bahá'í Faith, the inception of which, the Báb's proclaimed His own mission was to herald. `Abdu'l-Bahá Himself was later proclaimed by Bahá'u'lláh to be His own successor, thus being the third central figure of the Bahá'í Faith.

Tuesday, May 23, 1843

Chile takes possession of the Strait of Magellan.

Saturday, May 23, 1835

The Mexican State of Aguascalientes is formed by decree of President Santa Anna.

Wednesday, May 23, 1798

Irish republicans and nationalists, known as the Society of United Irishmen, launch a rebellion against British rule in expectation of support from France. The United Irishmen are unique amongst Irish nationalist movements in that they unify Catholics and Protestants around republican ideals. The rebellion rages sporadically but is defeated by the British by October.
The French take Malta.
A moderate "coup d'état" in the Netherlands (Batavian Republic) deposes Pieter Vreede.

Friday, May 23, 1788

South Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the eighth U.S. state.

Thursday, May 23, 1771

Battle of Lanckorona: A force of 4,000 Russians under Alexander Suvorov defeat a Polish formation of 1,300 men.
May ndash The Three battles of Sarbakusa: an alliance of three of the most powerful aristocrats of Ethiopia ndash Goshu of Amhara, Wand Bewossen, and Fasil of Damot ndash defeats "Ras" Mikael Sehul and Emperor Tekle Haymanot I, taking control of Ethiopia.

Sunday, May 23, 1706

Battle of Ramillies: English, Dutch, and German troops defeat the French.

Monday, May 23, 1701

After being convicted of murdering William Moore and for piracy, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.

Sunday, May 23, 1638

signing of the Kandyan Treaty between the Singhala King Rajasimha II and the Dutch to rid Ceylon of the Portuguese.

Wednesday, May 23, 1618

The Second Defenestration of Prague ndash Protestant noblemen hold a mock trial and throw two direct representatives of Ferdinand II of Germany (Imperial Governors) and their scribe out of a window into a pile of manure, exacerbating a low-key rebellion into the Bohemian Revolt (1618–1621) precipitating the Thirty Years' War into armed conflict and further polarizing Europe on religious grounds.

Wednesday, May 23, 1612

May 25 ndash A Sicilian–Neapolitan galley fleet defeats the Tunisians at La Goulette.

Sunday, May 23, 1610

Jamestown, Virginia: Acting as temporary Governor, Thomas Gates, along with John Rolfe, Captain Ralph Hamor, Sir George Somers, and other survivors from the "Sea Venture" (wrecked at Bermuda) arrive at Jamestown they find that 60 have survived the starving time (winter), the fort palizadoes and gates have been torn down, and empty houses have been used for firewood, in fear of attacks by natives outside the fort area.

Saturday, May 23, 1609

The Second Charter of Virginia is officially ratified, which is intended to replace the council with a Governor who has absolute control in the colony.

Thursday, May 13, 1568 (Julianian calendar)

Battle of Heiligerlee: Troops under Louis of Nassau, brother of William I of Orange, defeat a smaller loyalist force under the Duke of Arenberg in an attempt to invade the Northern Netherlands. This is effectively the start of the Eighty Years' War.

Monday, May 13, 1555 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Paul IV succeeds Marcellus II as the 223rd pope.

Friday, May 13, 1541 (Julianian calendar)

Jacques Cartier departs from Saint-Malo, France on his third voyage.

Tuesday, May 13, 1533 (Julianian calendar)

King Henry VIII of England's marriage with Catherine of Aragon is declared annulled by Archbishop Cranmer. Since Pope Clement VII had already rejected Henry's petition for annulment in 1530, Catherine continues to believe herself Henry's wife until her death.

Monday, May 14, 1498 (Julianian calendar)

Summer ndash The final Welsh revolt of the medieval era breaks out in Meirionydd, North Wales Harlech Castle is captured by the rebels before the revolt in suppressed.
June ndash Niccolò Machiavelli is elected by the Great Council as the second chancellor of the Republic of Florence.
Girolamo Savonarola, ruler of Florence, is executed for criticizing the Pope.

Sunday, May 14, 1430 (Julianian calendar)

Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne.

Saturday, May 15, 1350 (Julianian calendar)

A number of supporters of William V, Count of Holland, in his power struggle with his mother Margaret I, Countess of Holland, found the Cod league.

Saturday, May 16, 1125 (Julianian calendar)

A collection of Zen Buddhist koans is compiled in the Chinese "Blue Cliff Record".
Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V.
Albert of Aix begins his "Historia Hierosolymitanae expeditionis".
Castellan raid in Andalusia led by king Alfonso the Battler.{{cite journal|last=McGrank|first=Lawrence|title=Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55|journal=Journal of Medieval History|year=1981|volume=7|issue=1|pages=67–82|url=//www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.library.uu.nl/science/article/pii/0304418181900361}}
Saracen pirates raid the city of Antibes in Provence and the benedictine monastery of Saint Honorat on the Lérins Islands.{{cite book|title=Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents|publisher=Presses Universitaires de Lyon|location=Lyon|author=Unité mixte de recherche 5648Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux}}
Creation of the first fair in Portugal in Ponte de Lima, it is an early sign of the commercialization and economic development of a still backwardish and self-contained region.{{cite book|last=de Oliveira Marques|first=António Henrique|title=Histoire du Portugal et de son empire colonial|year=1998|publisher=Karthala|location=Paris|isbn=2-86537-844-6|pages=615|page=44}}
War ends between Toulouse and Provence.
First mention of the consuls of Siena indicating that the city has become an independent commune.
King Inge the Younger is murdered in Vreta, Östergötland, instigated by his wife Ulfhild. Her cousin Magnus the Strong proclaims himself ruler of Gothenland, whereas Ragnvald Knaphövde, in opposition to him, proclaims himself king of Sweden in Svealand.
Florence conquers the neighboring independent republic of Fiesole.
The Venetians pillage Rhodes, ravage Samos and Lesbos, and occupy Chios.
Reading School founded.
Nassau Castle is built.

Saturday, May 17, 1040 (Julianian calendar)

Source: Wikipedia