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Monday, March 13. 2000, 11:08:43 PM UTC+0000


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Tuesday, March 13, 2012

After 244 years since its first publication, the "Encyclopædia Britannica" discontinues its print edition.{{cite news |author=McCarthy, Tom |date=2012-03-13 |title=Encyclopedia Britannica halts print publication after 244 years |url=//www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/mar/13/encyclopedia-britannica-halts-print-publication?newsfeed=true |work=The Guardian |accessdate=2012-03-14}}
"Encyclopaedia Britannica", the oldest encyclopedia still in print in the English language, announces that it will no longer be producing printed versions but continuing online editions. //au.news.yahoo.com/thewest/a/-/world/13162123/encyclopaedia-brittanica-ends-print-goes-digital/ (Reuters via Yahoo 7 Australia)

Thursday, March 13, 2008

The U.S. dollar, after repeatedly testing 100 yen in Asian dealings and early European action, breaks through to touch 99.75, its lowest level since November 1995. //www.reuters.com/article/hotStocksNews/idUST24480320080313 (Reuters)

Thursday, March 13, 2003

Human evolution: The journal "Nature" reports that 350,000-year-old upright-walking human footprints had been found in Italy.

Wednesday, March 13, 1996

Dunblane massacre: Unemployed former shopkeeper Thomas Hamilton walks into the Dunblane Primary School in Scotland and opens fire, killing 16 infant school pupils and one teacher before fatally shooting himself.

Monday, March 13, 1995

David Daliberti and William Barloon, two Americans working for a military contractor in Kuwait, are arrested after straying into Iraq.

Saturday, March 13, 1993

Australian federal election, 1993: The Australian Labor Party stays in power despite poor economic results.
March 15 ndash The Great Blizzard of 1993 strikes the eastern U.S., bringing record snowfall and other severe weather all the way from Cuba to Quebec it reportedly kills 184.

Friday, March 13, 1992

In eastern Turkey, an earthquake registering a surface wave magnitude of 6.8, kills over 500.

Wednesday, March 13, 1991

After 16 years in prison for allegedly bombing a public house in a Provisional Irish Republican Army attack, the Birmingham Six are freed when a court determines that the police fabricated evidence.
March 19–26 ndash President of Poland Lech Wałęsa becomes the first Polish president to ever visit the U.S.
Four Los Angeles, California police officers are indicted for the videotaped March 3 beating of Rodney King during an arrest.
Germany formally regains complete independence after the four post-World War II occupying powers (France, the United Kingdom, the United States and the Soviet Union) relinquish all remaining rights.
In a national referendum, the people of the Soviet Union vote in favor of keeping the 15 Soviet republics together, with the pro-unity position gaining 77% of the vote.
The United States Department of Justice announces that Exxon has agreed to pay $1 billion for the clean-up of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
The United States and Albania resume diplomatic relations for the first time since 1939.
Duke defeats Kansas Jayhawks men's basketball by the score of 72 - 65 to claim the NCAA Division I Basketball Chionship.
The Emir of Kuwait, Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, returns to Kuwait after seven months of exile while his country was occupied by Iraq.
In the Finnish parliamentary election, the Centre Party wins 55 of 200 seats in the Parliament of Finland, ending 25 years of dominance by the Social Democratic Party of Finland.

Tuesday, March 13, 1990

Cold War: The Soviet Union announces that Lithuania's declaration of independence is invalid.
Twelve paintings, collectively worth $100 to $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston, Massachusetts by 2 thieves posing as police officers. This is the largest art theft in US history, and the paintings ({{As of|2011|lc=on}}) have not been recovered.
Fernando Collor de Mello takes office as President of Brazil, Brazil's first democratically elected president since 1961. The next day he announces a currency freeze and freezes large bank accounts for 18 months.
Iraq hangs British journalist Farzad Bazoft for spying. Daphne Parish, a British nurse, is sentenced to 15 years' imprisonment as an accomplice.
The Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union approves changes to the Constitution of the Soviet Union to create a strong U.S.-style presidency. Mikhail Gorbachev is elected to a five-year term as the first-ever President of the Soviet Union on March 15.
Mikhail Gorbachev is elected as the first executive president of the Soviet Union.

Monday, March 13, 1989

Christian General Michel Aoun declares a 'War of Liberation' to rid Lebanon of Syrian forces and their allies.
A geomagnetic storm causes the collapse of the Hydro-Québec power grid. Six million people are left without power for 9 hours. Some areas in the northeastern U.S. and in Sweden also lose power, and aurorae are seen as far as Texas.
Gun control: U.S. President George H. W. Bush bans the importation of certain guns deemed assault weapons into the United States.

Sunday, March 13, 1988

Eritrean War of Independence – Battle of Afabet: The Nadew Command, an Ethiopian army corps in Eritrea, is attacked on 3 sides by military units of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF).
Milltown Cemetery Attack: During the funeral of three Provisional IRA members in Milltown Cemetery in Belfast, Northern Ireland, Ulster Defence Association (UDA) member Michael Stone attacked the crowd with grenades and pistols, killing three and wounding over sixty. They were murdered because they were likely to be Catholics.
The Halabja poison gas attack is carried out by Iraqi government forces.
Iran-Contra Affair: Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter are indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States.
A Colombian Boeing 727 jetliner, Avianca Flight 410, crashes into the side of the mountains near the Venezuelan border, killing 143.
First RepublicBank of Texas fails and enters FDIC receivership, the largest FDIC assisted bank failure in history.
Gallaudet University, a Deaf university in Washington D.C. elects Dr. I King Jordan as the first deaf president in its history. This event is a turning point in the deaf civil rights movement.

Tuesday, March 13, 1979

Maurice Bishop leads a successful coup in Grenada.

Saturday, March 13, 1976

Mozambique recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR).

Thursday, March 13, 1975

Vietnam War: South Vietnam President Nguyen van Thieu orders the Central Highlands evacuated. This turns into a mass exodus involving troops and civilians (the "Convoy of Tears").

Thursday, March 13, 1969

Golda Meir becomes the first female prime minister of Israel.
The Longhope, Orkney lifeboat in Scotland is lost the entire crew of 8 die.
Apollo program: "Apollo 9" returns safely to Earth after testing the Lunar Module.

Wednesday, March 13, 1968

The first Rotaract club is chartered in North Charlotte, North Carolina.

Monday, March 13, 1967

Nine executives of the German pharmaceutical company Grunenthal are charged for breaking German drug laws because of thalidomide.
Moise Tshombe, ex-prime minister of Congo, is sentenced to death in absentia.
The body of U.S. President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.

Friday, March 13, 1964

In a notorious incident, 38 of her neighbors in Queens, New York City fail to respond to the cries of Kitty Genovese, 28, as she is being stabbed to death.

Tuesday, March 13, 1956

Elvis Presley releases his first Gold Album titled "Elvis Presley".

Saturday, March 13, 1954

French troops begin the battle against the Viet Minh in Dien Bien Phu.

Friday, March 13, 1953

The United Nations Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjöld as United Nations Secretary General.

Tuesday, March 13, 1934

John Dillinger, Baby Face Nelson and their gang rob the First National Bank in Mason City, Iowa.
All the police forces in Germany come under the command of Heinrich Himmler.
The Great Hakodate fire kills at least 2,166 people in southern Hokkaido, Japan.

Sunday, March 13, 1927

Fritz Lang's culturally influential film "Metropolis" premieres in Germany.

Monday, March 13, 1922

Prince of Wales Edward inaugurates the "Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College" in Dehradun, India, marking a capitulation of the British Empire to growing pressure for the Indianization of the Officer Cadre of the British Indian Army.

Saturday, March 13, 1920

March 17 ndash Wolfgang Kapp fails in his coup attempt in Germany due to public resistance and a general strike.

Thursday, March 13, 1913

Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa returns to Mexico from his self-imposed exile in the United States.

Saturday, March 13, 1897

Sunday, March 13, 1892

Ernest Louis, a grandson of Queen Victoria, becomes Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine on the death of his father, Grand Duke Louis IV.

Sunday, March 13, 1887

Thursday, March 13, 1884

The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins (ends on January 26, 1885).

Sunday, March 13, 1881

Alexander II of Russia is killed near his palace when a bomb is thrown at him. He is succeeded by his son, Alexander III.

Thursday, March 13, 1879

Monday, March 13, 1865

American Civil War: The Confederate States of America agrees to the use of African American troops.

Thursday, March 13, 1862

American Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers from returning fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.

Thursday, March 13, 1845

The "Violin Concerto" by Felix Mendelssohn premieres in Leipzig, with Ferdinand David as soloist.

Wednesday, March 13, 1811

Battle of Lissa: The British fleet defeats the French.

Monday, March 13, 1809

Peninsular War
A military coup ousts Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden he is confined in Gripsholm Castle.
King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates and is later exiled.
At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the future Grand Principality of Finland from Sweden. The Emperor in return, promises to retain and uphold former laws and privileges as well as the dominant Lutheran religion. His pledge is later interpreted by the Finns as a confirmation of constitutional laws, which had, effectively, established Finland as a separate state in real union with the Russia.
Battle of Medellín at Extremadura: massive Spanish casualties in a rout by French cavalry under Marshal Victor.
First Battle of Porto: 18,000 Portuguese soldiers are drowned in a rout after defeat by the French under Marshal Soult.

Sunday, March 13, 1808

Upon the death of Christian VII, Frederick VI becomes king of Denmark. The next day (March 14), Denmark declares war on Sweden.

Tuesday, March 13, 1781

Sir William Herschel discovers the planet Uranus. Originally he calls it "Georgium Sidus" (George's Star) in honour of King George III of England.

Friday, March 13, 1643

First English Civil War ndash First Battle of Middlewich: The Roundheads rout the Cavaliers at Middlewich in Cheshire, England.

Sunday, March 13, 1639

Harvard University is named for clergyman John Harvard.
May ndash The first of the Bishops\\' Wars breaks out between Charles I and Scotland. Charles arrives with his army at Berwick-on-Tweed.
May ndash The first of the Bishops' Wars breaks out between Charles I and Scotland. Charles arrives with his army at Berwick-on-Tweed.

Wednesday, March 13, 1591

Battle of Tondibi: In Mali, Moroccan forces of the Saadi Dynasty led by Judar Pasha defeat the Songhai Empire, despite being outnumbered by at least five to one.

Thursday, March 3, 1569 (Julianian calendar)

Battle of Jarnac: Royalist troops under Marshal Gaspard de Tavannes surprise and defeat the Huguenots under the Prince of Condé, who is captured and murdered. A substantial proportion of the Huguenot army manages to escape under Gaspard de Coligny.

Thursday, March 4, 1490 (Julianian calendar)

Charles II becomes Duke of Savoy at age 1 his mother Blanche of Montferrato is regent.

Tuesday, March 5, 1325 (Julianian calendar)

Recognized date for the founding of Tenochtitlan on a small island in Lake Texcoco by the Mexica empire at the dawn of the day. The Aztec capital becomes Mexico City in 1521.

Sunday, March 6, 1138 (Julianian calendar)

Cardinal Gregory is elected anti-pope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II.

Tuesday, March 9, 874 (Julianian calendar)

The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Apostles, Constantinople.
Source: Wikipedia