Unix Timestamp: 952643323
Thursday, March 9. 2000, 11:08:43 PM UTC+0000


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Wednesday, March 9, 2011

The Governor of the US state of New Jersey, Chris Christie declares a state of emergency along the Passaic and Delaware Rivers and Bound Brook in Somerset County in order to prepare for anticipated floods later in the week. //www.therepublic.com/view/story/d149db5723834f14b9362921dc9f5a66/NJFlooding-NJ/# (AP via "The Columbus Republic")

Monday, March 9, 2009

National Islamic Front founder Hassan al-Turabi is released after seven weeks of incarceration for suggesting that Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir should surrender to the International Criminal Court. //www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5g4MlEURQSctzJlNMl-dN7ZKNbABgD96QESQO1 (AP)

Sunday, March 9, 2008

The first European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle, a cargo spacecraft for the International Space Station, launches from Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana.{{cite web|url=//www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMDYOK26DF_index_0.html|title=Europe launches its first resupply ship to the ISS|date=March 9, 2008|publisher=European Space Agency|accessdate=March 15, 2009|archiveurl=//www.webcitation.org/5gwsTGNcU|archivedate=2009-05-21|deadurl=no}}
An Ariane 5 rocket launches the first Automated Transfer Vehicle, "Jules Verne", from the Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana. The space will rendezvous with and supplies to the International Space Station on March 29. //www.esa.int/esaCP/SEMDYOK26DF_index_0.html (ESA)
Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt says that Kosovo may become a European Union member state even if it is not a member of the United Nations. //news.xinhuanet.com/english/2008-03/10/content_7751968.htm (Xinhua News Agency)

Thursday, March 9, 2006

NASA's Cassini-Huygens spacecraft discovers geysers of a liquid substance shooting from Saturn's moon Enceladus, signaling a possible presence of water.{{cite web|url=//news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/03/0310_060310_saturn.html?source=rss|title=Saturn Moon Has Water Geysers and, Just Maybe, Life|publisher=National Geographic Society|date=2006-03-10|accessdate=2009-07-06|first=Elizabeth|last=Svoboda}}

Saturday, March 9, 1996

Jorge Saio is the new Portuguese president.

Tuesday, March 9, 1993

Rodney King testifies at the federal trial of 4 Los Angeles, California, police officers accused of violating his civil rights when they beat him during an arrest.

Monday, March 9, 1992

Saturday, March 9, 1991

Gulf War ndash Operation Phase Echo: 540,000 American troops begin to leave the Persian Gulf.
Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade 2 people are killed and tanks are in the streets.

Thursday, March 9, 1989

A strike forces financially troubled Eastern Air Lines into bankruptcy.

Monday, March 9, 1987

The Irish rock band U2 releases their studio album "The Joshua Tree".

Sunday, March 9, 1986

United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle "Challenger" the bodies of all seven astronauts are still inside.

Wednesday, March 9, 1983

Anne Burford resigns as head of the United States Environmental Protection Agency amid scandal.

Tuesday, March 9, 1982

The United States places an embargo on Libyan oil imports, alleging Libyan support for terrorist groups.
Charles Haughey becomes Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland.
Syzygy: All eight planets align on the same side of the Sun (see also Jupiter effect).

Wednesday, March 9, 1977

Hanafi Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Movement members take over 3 buildings in Washington, D.C., killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends 2 days later.

Tuesday, March 9, 1976

March 11 – Two coal mine explosions claim 26 lives at the Blue Diamond Coal Co. Scotia Mine in Letcher County, Kentucky.
A cable-car disaster in Cavalese, Italy leaves 42 dead.

Sunday, March 9, 1975

Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
"The Rocky Horror Show" opens on Broadway in New York City with 4 performances.
Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops attack Ban Me Thuot, South Vietnam, on their way to capturing Saigon.
Extended portion of "Sanyo Shinkansen" between Okayama Station and Hakata Station opens, thus making Shinkansen reaching second island, Kyushu, Japan.

Thursday, March 9, 1967

Joseph Stalin's daughter, Svetlana Alliluyeva, defects to the USA via the U.S. Embassy in New Delhi.
The Velvet Underground's groundbreaking first album, "The Velvet Underground Nico", is released. It is initially a disaster but receives widespread critical and commercial acclaim in later years.
The Indonesian State Assembly takes all presidential powers from Sukarno and names Suharto as acting president.

Wednesday, March 9, 1966

Ronnie Kray murders George Cornell in east London's Blind Beggar pub, a crime for which he is finally convicted in 1969.

Tuesday, March 9, 1965

The second attempt to march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, under the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., stops at the bridge that was the site of Bloody Sunday, to hold a prayer service and return to Selma, in obedience to a court restraining order. White supremacists beat up white Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb later that day in Selma.
Engagement announced between Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven, who will become the first commoner and the first Dutchman to marry into the Dutch Royal Family.
Goldie, a London Zoo golden eagle, is recaptured 12 days after her escape.

Monday, March 9, 1959

The Barbie doll debuts.

Tuesday, March 9, 1954

American journalists Edward Murrow and Fred W. Friendly produce a 30-minute "See It Now" documentary, entitled "A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy".

Friday, March 9, 1951

United Artists releases sci-fi film "The Man from Planet X".

Sunday, March 9, 1947

Carrie Chapman Catt dies in New Rochelle.

Friday, March 9, 1945

March 10 ndash WWII: American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs the city is fire-bombed, killing 100,000 citizens.
The film "Les Enfants du Paradis" premieres in Paris.

Thursday, March 9, 1944

WWII: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia.

Tuesday, March 9, 1943

Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey. (14th government Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister)

Monday, March 9, 1942

WWII: Executive order 9082 (February 28, 1942) reorganizes the United States Army into three major commands: Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, and Services of Supply, later redesignated Army Service Forces.
March 12 ndash WWII: General General Douglas MacArthur, his family, and key members of his staff are evacuated by PT boat, under cover of darkness, from Corregidor in the Philippines. Command of US forces in the Philippines passes to Major General Jonathan M. Wainwright.

Monday, March 9, 1936

Pro-democratic militarist Keisuke Okada steps down as Prime Minister of Japan and is replaced by radical militarist Koki Hirota.

Saturday, March 9, 1935

March 9 ndash Porky Pig makes his debut as the first major Looney Tunes character in I Haven't Got a Hat.

Thursday, March 9, 1933

Great Depression: The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation.

Sunday, March 9, 1924

Italy annexes Fiume.

Friday, March 9, 1923

Vladimir Lenin suffers his third stroke, which renders him bedridden and unable to speak consequently he retires his position as Chairman of the Soviet government.

Sunday, March 9, 1919

The Egyptian Revolution of 1919 breaks out.

Friday, March 9, 1900

Women in Germany demand the right to participate in university entrance exams.

Monday, March 9, 1896

Responding to national outrage at the defeat at Adwa, Italian Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns.

Monday, March 9, 1891

March 12 ndash A powerful storm off England's south coast sinks 14 ships.

Saturday, March 9, 1889

Yohannes IV is killed in the Battle of Metemma Sudanese forces, who had been almost defeated, rally and destroy the Ethiopian army.

Friday, March 9, 1888

Frederick III is crowned German Emperor.

Wednesday, March 9, 1864

American Civil War: Abraham Lincoln appoints Ulysses S. Grant commander in chief of all Union armies.

Sunday, March 9, 1862

American Civil War: First battle between two ironclad warships, the USS ''Monitor'' and the CSS "Virginia", begins.
American Civil War: First battle between two ironclad warships, the USS "Monitor" and the CSS "Virginia", begins.

Friday, March 9, 1860

Wednesday, March 9, 1859

The army of Piedmont-Sardinia mobilizes against Austria, beginning the crisis which will lead to the Austro-Sardinian War.

Sunday, March 9, 1856

National Fraternity Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Tuesday, March 9, 1847

Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Veracruz.

Monday, March 9, 1846

The conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War with the signing of the Treaty of Lahore.ref name=Pocket On This Day{{cite book|title=Penguin Pocket On This Day|publisher=Penguin Reference Library|isbn=0-14-102715-0|year=2006}} Kashmir is ceded to the British East India Company and the Koh-i-Noor diamond is surrendered to Queen Victoria.

Wednesday, March 9, 1842

Giuseppe Verdi's third opera "Nabucco" premieres in Milan its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy's foremost opera writers.

Tuesday, March 9, 1841

"Amistad": The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the case that the Africans who seized control of the ship had been taken into slavery illegally.

Monday, March 9, 1840

April ndash The Raleigh and Gaston Railroad is completed from Raleigh, North Carolina to near Weldon, North Carolina.{{cite web|url=//www.historync.org/railroads.htm|title=Railroads — prior to the Civil War|work=North Carolina Business History|year=2006|accessdate=2011-12-02}}
The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad is completed from Wilmington, North Carolina to Weldon, North Carolina. At 161.5 miles (260 km), it is the world's longest railroad.{{cite web|url=//www.historync.org/railroad-WWRR.htm|title=Railroad — Wilmington Raleigh (later Weldon)|work=North Carolina Business History|year=2006|accessdate=2011-12-02}}

Thursday, March 9, 1820

King Ferdinand VII of Spain accepts the new constitution, beginning the "Trienio Liberal".

Wednesday, March 9, 1814

The USS Enterprise reaches Wilmington, North Carolina, returning from the Caribbean.

Wednesday, March 9, 1803

Aargau becomes a Swiss canton.
MarchndashApril ndash The "franc germinal" is introduced in France.

Wednesday, March 9, 1796

Widow Joséphine de Beauharnais marries General Napoléon Bonaparte.

Saturday, March 9, 1776

Saturday, March 9, 1765

After a public caign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son may have committed suicide.

Tuesday, March 9, 1723

July ndash The Russian army, under Matyushkin, captures Baku.

Thursday, March 9, 1623

Amboyna massacre: Ten men in the service of the British East India Company, nine Japanese and one Portuguese, are executed by the Dutch East India Company.

Wednesday, March 9, 1611

Yemana Kristos, brother of Emperor Susenyos, ends the rebellion of Melka Sedeq in the Battle of Segaba in Begemder.

Tuesday, February 27, 1582 (Julianian calendar)

Edward Kelley arrives at John Dee's house.

Sunday, February 27, 1513 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Leo X succeeds Pope Julius II as the 217th pope.

Saturday, March 1, 1309 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Clement V settles the papal seat in Avignon, following a visit.

Monday, March 2, 1276 (Julianian calendar)

Henry of Ghent becomes the last major theologian to openly consider annuities as usurious contract. The end of the debate allows for the expansion of the budding practice of renten emission to become a staple of public finance in north-western Europe.{{cite journal|last=Munro|first=John H.|title=The Medieval Origins of the Financial Revolution|journal=The International History Review|year=2003|volume=15|issue=3|pages=506–562}}
Stefan Dragutin of Serbia becomes King of Serbia.
June ndash King Rudolph I of Germany declares war on King Otakar II of Bohemia, a political rival by November, Otakar II is forced to cede four important territories as demanded by the diet of Nuremberg in 1274.
Mudejar rebellion in Valencia (put down in 1278).ref name=negotiating{{cite book|last=de Epalza|first=Miguel|title=Negotiating cultures: bilingual surrender treaties in Muslim-Crusader Spain under James the Conqueror|year=1999|publisher=Brill|isbn=90-04-11244-8|url=//books.google.co.uk/books?id=IjFacnscoBICdq=Treaty+of+Alcaraz+1243source=gbs_navlinks_s|page=96}}
Merton College, Oxford, is first recorded as having a collection of books, making its Library the world's oldest in continuous daily use.{{cite web|title=Library Archives - History|url=//www.merton.ox.ac.uk/aboutmerton/library8.shtml|publisher=Merton College|location=Oxford|accessdate=2012-05-08}}
Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City. Ravensburg also does in the same year.

Saturday, March 2, 1230 (Julianian calendar)

Iberian Peninsula: Alphonso IX defeats Ibn Hud al-Yamani (known as almogàver by the Christians) at the battle of Alange. This success opens the road to Badajoz to the Leonese troops.ref name=linehan1999{{cite book|title=The New Cambridge Medieval History c.1198-c.1300|year=1999|publisher=Cambridge University Press|location=Cambridge|isbn=0-521-36289-X|pages=668–699|author=Peter Linehan|editor=David Abulafia|page=672|chapter=Chapter 21: Castile, Portugal and Navarre}} The Portuguese king Sancho II continues his offensive southward and takes Beja, Juromenha, Serpa and Moura.ref name=picard2000{{cite book|last=Picard|first=Christophe|title=Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique|year=2000|publisher=Maisonneuve Larose|location=Paris|isbn=2-7068-1398-9|page=110}}
Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.

Saturday, March 5, 757 (Julianian calendar)

A major earthquake strikes Palestine and Syria.
Tassilo III, duke of the Bavarians, recognizes the supremacy of Frankish king Pepin the Short.
The Battle of Suiyang is fought.
Offa becomes king of Mercia (to 796). He is noted for Offa's Dyke, built as a defence against Welsh marauders.
Fruela I becomes king of Asturias.

Friday, March 6, 632 (Julianian calendar)

After the death of Muhammad, Abu Bakr becomes the first caliph and the Rashidun Caliphate (632–661) is established.
The Last Sermon (Khutbah, Khutbatul Wada') of Prophet Muhammad.

Tuesday, March 7, 590 (Julianian calendar)

Kadungon succeeds Avani Culamani as ruler of the Pandyan kingdom in India.
Bahrām Chobin is crowned as King Bahrām VI of Persia.
Source: Wikipedia