Unix Timestamp: 967981413
Sunday, September 3. 2000, 11:43:33 AM UTC+0000


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Wednesday, September 3, 2008

Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousaf Raza Gilani survives an assassination attempt. //news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/7595572.stm (BBC News)
United States Army troops cross the Pakistan border and launch a raid in the Angoor Ada region of Waziristan. Twenty civilians die. //abcnews.go.com/International/story?id=5718172page=1 (ABC News)

Wednesday, September 3, 2003

Miss Justice Mary Laffoy dramatically resigns as chairperson of the Laffoy Commission on Child Abuse, which is investigating evidence of child sex abuse in schools, orphanages and Catholic Church-run institutions over decades in Ireland. Her resignation followed one day after the Minister for Education, Noel Dempsey told RTÉ Radio that the Irish Government, worried by suggestions that the investigation would last more than a decade and cost hundreds of millions of euro, wanted to restructure the investigation to examine only a sle of the 1800 cases being investigated. The government has delayed publishing Justice Laffoy's resignation letter. Abuse victim and crusader against abuse Christine Buckey calls for Dempsey's resignation. Colm O'Gorman, of the child abuse charity "One in Four", and himself a prominent survivor of abuse, calls on Taoiseach Bertie Ahern to publish all correspondence relating to the resignation. //www.rte.ie/news/2003/0903/ABUSE.html
United States: Former Presbyterian minister Paul J. Hill is executed for his 1994 murder in Pensacola, Florida, of an abortion doctor and his bodyguard. //www.cbn.com/CBNNews/News/030903e.asp //www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A21484-2003Sep3.html

Tuesday, September 3, 2002

2002 US Open: Lindsay Davenport defeated Yelena Bovina to advance to the semi-finals against the winner of Serena Williams vs. Daniela Hantuchová Monica Seles defeated Martina Hingis to advance to the quarter-finals against Venus Williams.

Monday, September 3, 2001

the United States, Canada and Israel withdraw from the UN Conference on Racism because they feel that the issue of Zionism is overemphasized.

Tuesday, September 3, 1996

The U.S. launches Operation Desert Strike against Iraq in reaction to the attack on Arbil.

Saturday, September 3, 1994

Cold War: Russia and the People's Republic of China agree to de-target their nuclear weapons against each other.

Tuesday, September 3, 1991

In Hamlet, North Carolina, a grease fire breaks out at the Imperial Foods chicken processing plant, killing 25 people.

Thursday, September 3, 1987

In a coup d\'état in Burundi, President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza is deposed by Major Pierre Buyoya.

Friday, September 3, 1982

Italian general Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa is killed in a Mafia ambush.

Saturday, September 3, 1977

The Commodore PET computer is first sold.

Friday, September 3, 1976

Cold War: Soviet Air Force pilot Lt. Viktor Belenko lands a MiG-25 jet fighter at Hakodate, on the island of Hokkaidō in Japan, and requests political asylum in the United States.
Viking program: The Viking 2 spacecraft lands at Utopia Planitia on Mars, taking the first close-up color photos of the planet's surface.
Frank Sinatra brings Jerry Lewis's former partner Dean Martin onstage, unannounced, at the 1976 Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon in Las Vegas, Nevada, reuniting the comedy team for the first (and only) time in over 20 years.

Monday, September 3, 1973

The British Trade Union Congress expels 20 members for registering under the Industrial Relations Act 1971.

Thursday, September 3, 1970

September 6 ndash Israeli forces fight Palestinian guerillas in southern Lebanon.

Tuesday, September 3, 1957

The Wolfenden report on homosexuality is published in the United Kingdom.
American Civil Rights Movement ndash Little Rock Crisis: Governor Orville Faubus of Arkansas calls out the US National Guard, to prevent African-American students from enrolling in Central High School in Little Rock.
The Ford Motor Company introduces the Edsel on what the company proclaims as E Day.

Friday, September 3, 1954

The last new episode of "The Lone Ranger" is aired on radio, after 2,956 episodes over a period of 21 years.

Monday, September 3, 1951

Japan-U.S. Security Treaty, which allows United States Armed Forces being stationed in Japan after the occupation of Japan, is signed by Japan and the United States.
The American soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" debuts on CBS. After over 30 years, the show switches to NBC on March 26, 1982. "Search for Tomorrow" airs its final episode on December 26, 1986.
Treaty of San Francisco: In San Francisco, California, 48 nations sign a peace treaty with Japan to formally end the Pacific War.

Sunday, September 3, 1944

WWII: The Allies liberate Brussels.

Friday, September 3, 1943

WWII: Mainland Italy is invaded by Allied forces under Bernard L. Montgomery, for the first time in the war.

Thursday, September 3, 1942

WWII: A German attempt to liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Lakhva leads to an uprising.

Sunday, September 3, 1939

British liner {{SS|Athenia}} becomes the first civilian casualty of the war when she is torpedoed and sunk by {{GS|U-30|1936|6}} in the eastern Atlantic. Of the 1,418 aboard, 98 passengers and 19 crew are killed.
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt advocates neutrality in a Nation-wide radio address.
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King, in English, and Justice Minister Ernest Lapointe, in French, give an international radio address, stating its intentions to declare war against Nazi Germany.{{cite web|url=//archives.cbc.ca/on_this_day/09/10/|title=On This Day - September 10, 1939|publisher=CBC.ca|accessdate=2011-09-15}}{{cite web|url=//www.junobeach.org/e/2/can-eve-eve-war-e.htm|title=War!|publisher=CBC.ca|publisher=junobeach.org|accessdate=2011-09-15}}
The United Kingdom, France, New Zealand and Australia declare war on Germany.

Sunday, September 3, 1933

Alejandro Lerroux forms a new government in Spain.

Tuesday, September 3, 1929

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) peaks at 381.17, a height it would not reach again until November 1954.

Monday, September 3, 1928

Alexander Fleming, at St Mary\'s Hospital, London, accidentally rediscovers the antibiotic Penicillin.{{cite press release|url=//www.rsc.org/pdf/pressoffice/2003/penicillin.pdf|publisher=Royal Society of Chemistry|location=London|title=Culture shock will highlight penicillin discovery|Press Release|format=PDF|date=2003-09-02|accessdate=2011-11-30}}

Thursday, September 3, 1925

The U.S. dirigible ''Shenandoah'' breaks up near Caldwell, Ohio 14 crewmen are killed.
The U.S. dirigible "Shenandoah" breaks up near Caldwell, Ohio 14 crewmen are killed.

Tuesday, September 3, 1895

The first professional American football game is played, in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, between the Latrobe YMCA and the Jeannette Athletic Club (Latrobe wins 12–0).

Saturday, September 3, 1892

The Nottingham Forest Football Club plays their first league match, a 2–2 draw with Everton FC.

Tuesday, September 3, 1878

Over 640 die when the crowded pleasure boat {{SS|Princess Alice|1865|2}} collides with the "Bywell Castle" in the River Thames.

Thursday, September 3, 1868

The Emperor Meiji of Japan announces that the name of the city of Edo is to be changed to Tokyo.

Tuesday, September 3, 1861

American Civil War: Confederate General Leonidas Polk invades neutral Kentucky, prompting the state legislature to ask for Union assistance.

Monday, September 3, 1860

Giuseppe Garibaldi's forces capture Naples.
The {{PS|Lady Elgin}} is accidentally rammed and sunk in Lake Michigan hundreds drown.

Monday, September 3, 1855

The last Bartholomew Fair is held in London, England.

Sunday, September 3, 1843

Popular uprising in Athens, Greece, including citizens and military captains, to require from King Otto to issue a liberal Constitution to the state, which was governed since independence (1830) by various domestic and foreign centres of profits.
William Rowan Hamilton discovers the calculus of quaternions and deduces that they are non-commutative.{{cite web|title=William Rowan Hamilton Plaque|url=//www.geograph.org.uk/photo/347941|work=Geograph|year=2007|accessdate=2011-03-08}}
Søren Kierkegaard's philosophical book "Fear and Trembling" is first published.

Saturday, September 3, 1803

William Wordsworth writes Upon Westminster Bridge.

Friday, September 3, 1802

William Wordsworth publishes the poem "Westminster Bridge".

Wednesday, September 3, 1783

American Revolutionary War ndash Treaty of Paris: A treaty between the United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain is signed in Paris, formally ending the war.

Wednesday, September 3, 1777

American Revolution ndash Cooch's Bridge: In a minor skirmish in New Castle County, Delaware, the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.
American Revolution ndash Cooch\\\'s Bridge: In a minor skirmish in New Castle County, Delaware, the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.

Sunday, September 3, 1758

Tavora affair: attempted assassination of Joseph I of Portugal.

Monday, September 3, 1725

In Qing Dynasty China 66 copies of a 5,020 volume long encyclopedia, the "Gujin Tushu Jicheng" ("Complete Collection of Illustrations and Writings from the Earliest to Current Times") are printed, necessitating the crafting of 250,000 movable type characters cast in bronze.
The Black Watch is founded in Scotland.
The Treaty of Hanover is signed between Great Britain, France and Prussia.
A fire in Wapping, England destroys 70 houses.

Tuesday, September 3, 1658

The Dutch in the Cape Colony start to import slaves from India and South-East Asia (later from Madagascar).
Oliver Cromwell dies and his son Richard assumes his father's former position as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Portuguese traders are expelled from Ceylon by Dutch invaders.

Thursday, September 3, 1654

In England, the First Protectorate Parliament assembles.ref name=Cassell's Chronology/

Sunday, September 3, 1651

English Civil War ndash Battle of Worcester: the future King Charles II of England is defeated in the last major battle of the war.
October ndash An English diplomatic team headed by Oliver St John goes to The Hague to negotiate an alliance between the Commonwealth of England and the Dutch Republic.

Saturday, September 3, 1650

Friday, September 3, 1649

11 ndash Siege of Drogheda in Ireland: New Model Army massacre the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.

Tuesday, August 24, 1540 (Julianian calendar)

Gelawdewos succeeds his father Lebna Dengel as Emperor of Ethiopia.

Monday, August 25, 1483 (Julianian calendar)

Flavio Biondo publishes his "Historiarum ab inclinatione romanorum imperii".
Isaac Abravanel flees Portugal after being implicated in a plot against the king.
October ndash A rebellion by the Duke of Buckingham is crushed by Richard III.
Evidence cited by Alison Weir in The Princes of the Tower (p. 157) indicate that Edward V and his brother, Richard, Duke of York were murdered this night.
The Prince of Moscow builds the fortress of Ivangorod facing Narva.
Giovanni Bellini is named official painter of the Republic of Venice.

Friday, August 27, 1260 (Julianian calendar)

The Hindu Silharya Dynasty, which ruled an area around Mumbai, ends.
The Mamluks defeat the Mongols at the Battle of Ain Jalut in Galilee, marking their first decisive defeat and the point of maximum expansion of the Mongol Empire.
The Chinese era "Jingding" begins and ends in the Southern Song Dynasty of China.
The Sena Dynasty of Bengal falls.
The Japanese Shōgen era ends, and the Bun'ō era begins.

Sunday, August 27, 1189 (Julianian calendar)

The town of Dundalk in the Republic of Ireland gains its charter.
Sancho I of Portugal conquers Silves and Alvor with the help of the troops of the Third Crusade.ref name=lameretlesmusulmansPicard C. (1997) "La mer et les musulmans d'Occident au Moyen Age". Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, pp.73
Richard Lionheart is crowned as king of England. He immediately begins selling castles, lordships, privileges, and towns to fund his long-anticipated crusade against the Middle East.ref name=King John' 1961. p. 38/

Saturday, August 27, 1104 (Julianian calendar)

Tuğtekin, atabeg of Damascus founds a short lived principality in Syria. First exle of a series of Seljukid atabeg dynasties.
The volcano Hekla erupts in Iceland, destroying settlements.
The Venice Arsenal is founded in Venice.
Historian Guibert of Nogent becomes abbot of Notre Dame de Nogent.
Sultan Kilij Arslan I of Sultanate of Rüm starts a war with the Danishmends.
St. Cuthbert is reburied in Durham Cathedral.
Georgians under king David IV (the builder) defeat 100 000 Seljuks with only 1,500 warriors.

Sunday, August 31, 626 (Julianian calendar)

Emperor Gaozu of Tang China abdicates in favor of his son Li Shimin.

Friday, September 1, 590 (Julianian calendar)

Pope Gregory I succeeds Pope Pelagius II as the 64th pope, the first from a monastic background.
Columbanus arrives in Gaul where he founds Luxeuil Abbey.

Tuesday, September 2, 301 (Julianian calendar)

King Narseh of Persia abdicates, in favor of his son, Hormizd II.
Sima Lun briefly usurps the Jin Dynasty.
The republic of San Marino is established (traditional date).
In India, a man by the name of Pāņini comes up with the first concept for a spoken and written language. Through a series of some 4000 different rules, this is the first time that a language is described in such a way.
Source: Wikipedia